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38 terms

Social Studies Final Review Guide

STUDY
PLAY
The exposure of a land bridge between Asian and present-day Alaska during the last Ice Age resulted in?
Migration to the new world
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
Paleo-Indians
Native American's beliefs for the most part surrounded ___?
Nature
Who were the first Europeans to make contact with the Americas?
Vikings (Scandinavians)
Why did Europeans start sea exploration?
New land; new trade routes; adventure
Who is credited with discovering America?
Christopher Columbus
The exchange of plants and animals from Europe to America and vise versa is known as?
Columbian Exchange
People who wanted to reform the Catholic Church were known as?
Protestants
The destruction of the native population of the Americas and the need for plantation labor resulted in?
Slave trade; The Middle Passage
Who established colonies in North America?
English, French, Dutch
What reasons did colonists have for coming to America?
Money; Land; Religious Freedom; Economic Opportunity; Political Freedom
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans
What was the first permanent English settlement in North America?
Jamestown
Servants who signed a contract to work for four to seven years for those who paid their way to the America were known as?
Indentured Servants
A protestant group who wanted to purify the Anglican Church was called?
Puritans
People who have left the country of their birth to live in another country are?
Immigrants
This was one of the first attempts at self-government in the New England Colonies. It was a legal contract in which all agreed to have fair laws to protect the general good?
Mayflower Compact
Why did Pilgrims and Puritans leave Europe for the Americas?
Escape religious persecution
Who founded the colony of Pennsylvania?
William Penn
What was known as the trade of slaves from Africa to the West Indies and English Colonies in exchange for rum, sugar, and molasses?
Triangular Trade
What movement took place in Europe during the 1700s spreading the idea that reason and logic could improve society?
Enlightenment
The French and Indian war was fought between?
France and Great Britain
America's greatest complaint about Great Britain before the Revolution was?
Taxation without Representation
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
What were the original thirteen colonies?
Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maine, Connecticut, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 4, 1776
Colonists who chose to fight for independence from Great Britain were called?
Patriots
Who was the leader of the Continental Army?
George Washington
People who chose to remain loyal to the king were called?
Loyalists; Tories
Where did the first two Continental Congresses meet?
Philadelphia
Who was the writer of Common sense, which caused many Americans to desire to fight against the British?
Thomas Paine
What battle was the turning point of the American Revolution because its victory encouraged France to give us aid?
Battle of Saratoga
Where was the Continental Army's winter camp where many men died due to poor conditions and disease?
Valley Forge
What was the last major battle of the American Revolution where the French Navy and American Army with French supporters defeated Britain?
Battle of Yorktown
What was the first system of government in the United States where congress was a single branch of the national government with limited power to protect the liberties of the people?
Articles of Confederation
Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?
No president; states could refuse government; couldn't raise an army; trade disputes; can't collect taxes
What was the uprising by western farmers who protested high taxes and heavy debt?
Shay's Rebellion
What was the meeting held in Philadelphia in order to revise the Articles of Confederation?
Constitutional Convention