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The exposure of a land bridge between Asian and present-day Alaska during the last Ice Age resulted in?

Migration to the new world

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?


Native American's beliefs for the most part surrounded ___?


Who were the first Europeans to make contact with the Americas?

Vikings (Scandinavians)

Why did Europeans start sea exploration?

New land; new trade routes; adventure

Who is credited with discovering America?

Christopher Columbus

The exchange of plants and animals from Europe to America and vise versa is known as?

Columbian Exchange

People who wanted to reform the Catholic Church were known as?


The destruction of the native population of the Americas and the need for plantation labor resulted in?

Slave trade; The Middle Passage

Who established colonies in North America?

English, French, Dutch

What reasons did colonists have for coming to America?

Money; Land; Religious Freedom; Economic Opportunity; Political Freedom

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?


What was the first permanent English settlement in North America?


Servants who signed a contract to work for four to seven years for those who paid their way to the America were known as?

Indentured Servants

A protestant group who wanted to purify the Anglican Church was called?


People who have left the country of their birth to live in another country are?


This was one of the first attempts at self-government in the New England Colonies. It was a legal contract in which all agreed to have fair laws to protect the general good?

Mayflower Compact

Why did Pilgrims and Puritans leave Europe for the Americas?

Escape religious persecution

Who founded the colony of Pennsylvania?

William Penn

What was known as the trade of slaves from Africa to the West Indies and English Colonies in exchange for rum, sugar, and molasses?

Triangular Trade

What movement took place in Europe during the 1700s spreading the idea that reason and logic could improve society?


The French and Indian war was fought between?

France and Great Britain

America's greatest complaint about Great Britain before the Revolution was?

Taxation without Representation

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

What were the original thirteen colonies?

Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maine, Connecticut, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

July 4, 1776

Colonists who chose to fight for independence from Great Britain were called?


Who was the leader of the Continental Army?

George Washington

People who chose to remain loyal to the king were called?

Loyalists; Tories

Where did the first two Continental Congresses meet?


Who was the writer of Common sense, which caused many Americans to desire to fight against the British?

Thomas Paine

What battle was the turning point of the American Revolution because its victory encouraged France to give us aid?

Battle of Saratoga

Where was the Continental Army's winter camp where many men died due to poor conditions and disease?

Valley Forge

What was the last major battle of the American Revolution where the French Navy and American Army with French supporters defeated Britain?

Battle of Yorktown

What was the first system of government in the United States where congress was a single branch of the national government with limited power to protect the liberties of the people?

Articles of Confederation

Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?

No president; states could refuse government; couldn't raise an army; trade disputes; can't collect taxes

What was the uprising by western farmers who protested high taxes and heavy debt?

Shay's Rebellion

What was the meeting held in Philadelphia in order to revise the Articles of Confederation?

Constitutional Convention

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