MIddle east religion
Terms in this set (47)
What do Kurds share as part of their ethnic group?
The Kurdish language
What are the three main religious groups of Southwest Asia?
Christianity, Islam and Judaism
What is an example of an ethnic group?
people who share a language or religion
What is an example of a religious group?
people who share a belief in god or gods
Which ethnic group is most numerous in Southwest Asia?
What modern country is the home to those who call themselves Persians?
What is the religion of most Persians?
What is the religion of most of the Arabs in Southwest Asia?
What is the religion of most of the Kurds?
What is the main belief that distinguished the Jewish faith from the others in the ancient world?
the worship of a single god rather than multiple gods
What is the holy book of Judaism?
The "Exodus" in the history of the Jewish people was the time when
Jews were freed from slavery in Egypt and returned to the land of Canaan
Why did Jesus have trouble with the Jewish leaders and the Roman authorities?
Jews accused him of crimes against their teachings; Romans saw him as a threat to the Roman Empire.
What basic belief made Christianity different from Judaism?
Christians believed that Jesus was the Messiah, or savior of man.
Why was Christianity finally accepted by the Roman Emperor as a legal religion?
Emperor Constantine recognized that many Romans had become Christians and he also converted to Christianity
What is the relationship between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?
Islam includes much of the Old and New Testaments in its holy book, the Quran.
What did Muhammad believe the angel Gabriel was asking him to do?
tell the word of God to the people
What are the Five Pillars?
five basic obligations that Muslims are supposed to meet in their lives.
Why do Muslims call Jews and Christians "People of the Book"?
Much of the Old and New Testament is included in the Quran.
What issue led to the split between the Sunni and Shia in Islam?
They disagreed over who should lead the Muslim community after the death of Muhammad.
This type of group shares a common belief in a god or gods.
This group of people share a common ancestry, history, language, beliefs, and practices?
This person is considered the "Father of the Monotheistic Religions"?
Where do Christians go to worship?
The major symbol of this religion is the crescent moon and star?
This religion began in 33 CE?
Which is the oldest monotheistic religion?
Which religion began in 622 CE in Mecca?
Muhammad is the founder of which religion?
Protestant, Orthodox, and Catholicism are all branches of what religion?
The religion of Islam uses what language in it's holy book?
What is the youngest of the monotheistic religions?
In which religion are the 5 Pillars the cornerstone of the faith?
The Kabah, Mecca, and Medina are holy sites/cities in this religion?
Passover, Hanukkah, and Yom Kippur are holidays in this religion?
What do you call a follower of Islam?
The major symbol in this religion is the Star of David?
The major symbol in this religion is the cross?
Who is the leader of worship for Islam?
This religious group believes Muhammad's descendants must be blood related in order to be a religious or political leader?
The Torah and Talmud is the holy book for which religion?
In which religion is Jesus the founder?
What is the major difference in all 3 monotheistic religions?
The way each religion views Jesus.
____________________ are the largest ethnic group without a country in the Middle East?
This ethnic group is the largest in the Middle East, found on the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa, and speak Arabic?
This ethnic group lives in Iran and the majority are Shia Muslims?
90% of Muslims belong to which branch of Islam?