How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

51 terms

Pharm: Vitamins

STUDY
PLAY
The lipid-soluble vitamins
ADEK
The water-soluble vitamins
B group, C
Which vitamins have toxic levels?
Lipid solubles & B3
Vit with teratogenic effects at 3-4X RDA
Vit A
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ nightblindness, keratinazation & impaired immunity
Vit A
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hair loss, hemorrhage, osteoporosis/fractures & teratogenesis
Vit A
What is xerophthalmia? What vit is it assoc'd with?
-Keratinization of the cornea->
clouding & blindness
-Vit A deficiency
The one food likely to cause hypervitaminosis A
Liver
Vit A precursor found in diet
Beta carotene
The antioxidant vitamin
Vit E
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ RBC lysis & neuron damage
Vit E
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ hemorrhage in smokers or ASA & warfarin use
Vit E
Vit required to synthesize Coagulation Factors 2, 7, 9, 10; Anticoagulation factors C & S
Vit K
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Factor related hemorrhage & deficient bone formation
Vit K
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ disruption of warfarin dosing
Vit K
Vit needed for collagen synthesis, iron absorption. Also oxidizes Vit E to working form
Vit C
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ scurvy, bleeding gums & pinpoint hemorrhages
Vit C
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ aggravation of gout & nephrolithiasis
Vit C
What vitamin is assoc'd with macular degeneration?
Vit A deficiency
Vitamin whose precursor is cholesterol
Vit D
Vitamin required for mineralization of bone and teeth
Vit D
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Rickets & osteomalacia
Vit D
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ calcification of cardiac tissue, vessels; nephrolithiasis, retardation of offspring
Vit D
Name for Vit B1
Thiamin
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
B1 (Thiamin)
S/s of Vit B1 deficiency
Muscle wasting, cardiomegaly, short-term memory loss & confusion, nerve conduction deficits
Name for Vit B2
Riboflavin
Coenzymes derived from B2
FAD, FADP
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ cracked skin, rashes, photosensitivity, inflamed tongue
B2 (Riboflavin)
Name for Vit B3
Niacin
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Pellagra. S/s?
B3 (niacin)
S/s: 4 D's-> Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hives/rash, hyperhidrosis, impaired GLU tolerance
B3 (Niacin)
(Hives from Monster drinks)
Name for Vit B5
Pantothenate (Remember PENT-othenate)
Vit used to produce Coenzyme A
B5 (Pantothenate)
Name for Vit B6
Pyridoxine
Vit that converts tryptophan to niacin (B3) and Serotonin (5HT); used in Hb synthesis & hydrolysis of glycogen
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ anemia, convulsions & development of fetal nervous system
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Name for Vit B7
Biotin
Vit sometimes called Vit H
B7 (Biotin)
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ alopecia, conjunctivitis and dermatitis
B7 (Biotin)
Vit that can reduce fasting glucose levels by 50% in DM2
B7 (Biotin)
Name for Vit B9
Folate
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ inherited neural tube defects and anaemia
B9 (Folate)
Vitamin targeted by numerous cancer therapies because of its involvement in DNA synthesis
B9 (Folate)
Name for Vit B12
Cobalamin
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ pernicious anaemia
B12 (Cobalamin)
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ fatigue, memory loss, nerve degeneration -> paralysis
B12 (Cobalamin)
What don't I care about enough to make flashcards for?
All those freaking sources for vitamins.
Sorry about that . . .
The "major" B Vitamin Mnemonic
The Right Nutrients Produce Frolicky Children
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folate, Cobalamin
The "complete" B Vitamin Mnemonic
Theo's Resistance Nearly Proved Permanent, But Finally Caved in Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenate, Pyridoxine, Biotin, Folate, Cobalamin
Coenzymes derived from Vit B3
NAD, NADP