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The lipid-soluble vitamins


The water-soluble vitamins

B group, C

Which vitamins have toxic levels?

Lipid solubles & B3

Vit with teratogenic effects at 3-4X RDA

Vit A

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ nightblindness, keratinazation & impaired immunity

Vit A

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hair loss, hemorrhage, osteoporosis/fractures & teratogenesis

Vit A

What is xerophthalmia? What vit is it assoc'd with?

-Keratinization of the cornea->
clouding & blindness
-Vit A deficiency

The one food likely to cause hypervitaminosis A


Vit A precursor found in diet

Beta carotene

The antioxidant vitamin

Vit E

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ RBC lysis & neuron damage

Vit E

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ hemorrhage in smokers or ASA & warfarin use

Vit E

Vit required to synthesize Coagulation Factors 2, 7, 9, 10; Anticoagulation factors C & S

Vit K

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Factor related hemorrhage & deficient bone formation

Vit K

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ disruption of warfarin dosing

Vit K

Vit needed for collagen synthesis, iron absorption. Also oxidizes Vit E to working form

Vit C

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ scurvy, bleeding gums & pinpoint hemorrhages

Vit C

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ aggravation of gout & nephrolithiasis

Vit C

What vitamin is assoc'd with macular degeneration?

Vit A deficiency

Vitamin whose precursor is cholesterol

Vit D

Vitamin required for mineralization of bone and teeth

Vit D

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Rickets & osteomalacia

Vit D

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ calcification of cardiac tissue, vessels; nephrolithiasis, retardation of offspring

Vit D

Name for Vit B1


Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

B1 (Thiamin)

S/s of Vit B1 deficiency

Muscle wasting, cardiomegaly, short-term memory loss & confusion, nerve conduction deficits

Name for Vit B2


Coenzymes derived from B2


Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ cracked skin, rashes, photosensitivity, inflamed tongue

B2 (Riboflavin)

Name for Vit B3


Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Pellagra. S/s?

B3 (niacin)
S/s: 4 D's-> Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hives/rash, hyperhidrosis, impaired GLU tolerance

B3 (Niacin)
(Hives from Monster drinks)

Name for Vit B5

Pantothenate (Remember PENT-othenate)

Vit used to produce Coenzyme A

B5 (Pantothenate)

Name for Vit B6


Vit that converts tryptophan to niacin (B3) and Serotonin (5HT); used in Hb synthesis & hydrolysis of glycogen

B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ anemia, convulsions & development of fetal nervous system

B6 (Pyridoxine)

Name for Vit B7


Vit sometimes called Vit H

B7 (Biotin)

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ alopecia, conjunctivitis and dermatitis

B7 (Biotin)

Vit that can reduce fasting glucose levels by 50% in DM2

B7 (Biotin)

Name for Vit B9


Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ inherited neural tube defects and anaemia

B9 (Folate)

Vitamin targeted by numerous cancer therapies because of its involvement in DNA synthesis

B9 (Folate)

Name for Vit B12


Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ pernicious anaemia

B12 (Cobalamin)

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ fatigue, memory loss, nerve degeneration -> paralysis

B12 (Cobalamin)

What don't I care about enough to make flashcards for?

All those freaking sources for vitamins.
Sorry about that . . .

The "major" B Vitamin Mnemonic

The Right Nutrients Produce Frolicky Children
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folate, Cobalamin

The "complete" B Vitamin Mnemonic

Theo's Resistance Nearly Proved Permanent, But Finally Caved in Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenate, Pyridoxine, Biotin, Folate, Cobalamin

Coenzymes derived from Vit B3


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