51 terms

Pharm: Vitamins

The lipid-soluble vitamins
The water-soluble vitamins
B group, C
Which vitamins have toxic levels?
Lipid solubles & B3
Vit with teratogenic effects at 3-4X RDA
Vit A
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ nightblindness, keratinazation & impaired immunity
Vit A
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hair loss, hemorrhage, osteoporosis/fractures & teratogenesis
Vit A
What is xerophthalmia? What vit is it assoc'd with?
-Keratinization of the cornea->
clouding & blindness
-Vit A deficiency
The one food likely to cause hypervitaminosis A
Vit A precursor found in diet
Beta carotene
The antioxidant vitamin
Vit E
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ RBC lysis & neuron damage
Vit E
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ hemorrhage in smokers or ASA & warfarin use
Vit E
Vit required to synthesize Coagulation Factors 2, 7, 9, 10; Anticoagulation factors C & S
Vit K
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Factor related hemorrhage & deficient bone formation
Vit K
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ disruption of warfarin dosing
Vit K
Vit needed for collagen synthesis, iron absorption. Also oxidizes Vit E to working form
Vit C
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ scurvy, bleeding gums & pinpoint hemorrhages
Vit C
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ aggravation of gout & nephrolithiasis
Vit C
What vitamin is assoc'd with macular degeneration?
Vit A deficiency
Vitamin whose precursor is cholesterol
Vit D
Vitamin required for mineralization of bone and teeth
Vit D
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Rickets & osteomalacia
Vit D
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ calcification of cardiac tissue, vessels; nephrolithiasis, retardation of offspring
Vit D
Name for Vit B1
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
B1 (Thiamin)
S/s of Vit B1 deficiency
Muscle wasting, cardiomegaly, short-term memory loss & confusion, nerve conduction deficits
Name for Vit B2
Coenzymes derived from B2
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ cracked skin, rashes, photosensitivity, inflamed tongue
B2 (Riboflavin)
Name for Vit B3
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Pellagra. S/s?
B3 (niacin)
S/s: 4 D's-> Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hives/rash, hyperhidrosis, impaired GLU tolerance
B3 (Niacin)
(Hives from Monster drinks)
Name for Vit B5
Pantothenate (Remember PENT-othenate)
Vit used to produce Coenzyme A
B5 (Pantothenate)
Name for Vit B6
Vit that converts tryptophan to niacin (B3) and Serotonin (5HT); used in Hb synthesis & hydrolysis of glycogen
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ anemia, convulsions & development of fetal nervous system
B6 (Pyridoxine)
Name for Vit B7
Vit sometimes called Vit H
B7 (Biotin)
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ alopecia, conjunctivitis and dermatitis
B7 (Biotin)
Vit that can reduce fasting glucose levels by 50% in DM2
B7 (Biotin)
Name for Vit B9
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ inherited neural tube defects and anaemia
B9 (Folate)
Vitamin targeted by numerous cancer therapies because of its involvement in DNA synthesis
B9 (Folate)
Name for Vit B12
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ pernicious anaemia
B12 (Cobalamin)
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ fatigue, memory loss, nerve degeneration -> paralysis
B12 (Cobalamin)
What don't I care about enough to make flashcards for?
All those freaking sources for vitamins.
Sorry about that . . .
The "major" B Vitamin Mnemonic
The Right Nutrients Produce Frolicky Children
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folate, Cobalamin
The "complete" B Vitamin Mnemonic
Theo's Resistance Nearly Proved Permanent, But Finally Caved in Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenate, Pyridoxine, Biotin, Folate, Cobalamin
Coenzymes derived from Vit B3