16 terms

Chapter 7 Organelles

Controls cell activities, contains DNA (genetic information)
Located inside of nucleus, produces ribosomes
Where proteins are made, most numerous organelle
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Site of protein synthesis, has ribosomes attached to it
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Has no ribosomes in its membrane, synthesizes lipids and proteins
Golgi Apparatus
stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes, only in animal cells
Nuclear Membrane
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Cilia & Flagella
Hair-like structures found in animal cells that assist in movement
Organelles that assist in cell division, only in animal cells
Traps solar energy and converts it to glucose in the process of photosynthesis, only in plants
Also called the powerhouse of the cell, converts (breaks down) glucose into useable energy
Stores food, water and digestive enzymes
Cell Wall
strong wall outside a plant cell's plasma membrane that protects the cell and maintains its shape
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended, provides support to the cell
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Controls what enters and exits the cell, double layer of lipids, essential for maintaining homeostasis

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