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What were two dangers of teh overland route to the gold fields?
Any two of the following: leaving at the wrong time of the year, disease, taking shortcuts, or poor planning
What was one disadvantage of the Panama route?
Any of these: disease, waiting too long for ships, unsafe ships
Name two of the three diffferent groups of African Americans in the gold fields.
Freeblacks, runaway slaves, slavws
About how much money did African-American slaves spend on buying freedom for themselves and their families?
Estimates go as high as $750,000
How did African-American miners protect themselves and their claims?
Formed mutual aid groups, joined white miners from New England, or isolated themselves from white miners.
How did the Americans treat the first Chinese miners to arrive in California?
With respect, as honest, hardworking and quiet good citiznes
Give two reasons for the anti-Chinese feelings in the mining camps.
Dramatic increase in the number of Chinese at a time when gold was hard to find, and resentmentt that the Chinese could find gold in places that other miners had abandoned.
Where were the Chinese alowed to mine?
In areas that had already been worked and abandoned by the white miners.
Give an example of how the Chinese miiners were treated
Any of the following: They were attacked and driven from their claims, their campesl were looted and burned, or their gold was stolen.
Women worked along their husbands, but soon found they could make more money at other jobs. Name one of thoese other jobs.
Baking, cooking, performing ons tage.
How did woen help mining communites become better places to live?
They were active in starting schools, churches, hospitals, and social events.
Name two minorities in teh gold fields who were not from a foreign country.
Women, indians, or blacks
At first the white American miners got along with the foreign miners. What happened to change this?
Gold got scarce and teh gold fields were more crowded.
Name two kinds of businesses minority group members had in mining camps.
Restaurants, laundries, stores, or boarding houses
What happened to the Indians whn gold was found on their land?
they were driven from and forced to leave their land.
Name a group of miners who were experts at removing gold from hard rock quartz.
Chileans or Mexicans
About how mcuh gold did the Spanish-speaking miners take out of the California gold fields by July of 1849?
More than 15 million
What were two non-white groups that worked in teh gold fields?
Any two of the following: Indians, Chinese, Mexicans, Latin Americans
Why was the gold and silver discovery in Nevada called teh Comstock Lode?
Comstock bragged about his new mine so much that the whole area was named after him
How was mining the Comstock different from earlier gold rushes?
Mines were underground and large companies owned them
What happened to Colorado as a result of the gold rush?
Colorado became a territory in 1861 and a state in 1876
How was Australia's government different from California?
Australia: English colony with government/California: no government
What special people were aboard the Portland and teh Excelsior when they steamed inot San Francisco Bay?
Miners with gold from Alaska
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