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55 terms

Civics vocab for the Year

for 58 question quiz
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candidates
people who run for election to public office
alien
a person who comes from a foreign country
democracy
government by the people
heritage
tradition
citizen
a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
social rules
the roles we play in real life.
consent of governed
government by the people
rule of law
no one is above the law
federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
lobbyist
someone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills that the lobbyists favor
policy
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
president pro-tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
minority party
party with fewer members in Congress
Filibuster
a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes
Bureaucracy
nonelective government officials
foreign policy
a policy governing international relations
Executive branch
the branch of government that carries out laws, enforces laws
domestic policy
plans for dealing with national problems
ambassadors
official representatives to foreign governments
cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
implied powers
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
bias
influence in an unfair way
canvass
get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions
congressional district
The area that a member of the House represents
general election
an election held to choose which candidate will hold office
independent voters
voters who are not members of a political party
issue
a problem... or to bring out something
resources
anything that is used to produce goods or services
opportunity cost
whatever must be given up to obtain some item
representatives
people chosen to speak or act for others
naturalized
Granted full citizenship to one of foreign birth
common good
the good of a community
jury of peers
a group of citizens who decide a court case
limited government
the government has only the powers that the constitution gives it
representative government
a government in which the people have a say
bill
a proposed law
speaker of house
leader of the house of representatives
majority party
the party that holds the majority of legislative seats in either the House or the Senate
pocket veto
indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it
legislature
Lawmaking Body
executive agreement
an agreement between the President and the leader of another country
executive order
a rule or command that has the force of law
executive privilege
the right to keep some information secret from Congress and the Courts
treaties
formal agreements between nations
judicial
Interprets Laws
administration
the management of any office, business, or organization; direction.
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
candidate
a politician who is running for public office
closed primary
a primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote
direct primary
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office
incumbent
the official who holds an office
interest groups
groups of people who work together for similar interests or goals
scarcity
limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants
choice
the act of choosing or selecting
price
exchange value of a good or service