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people who run for election to public office


a person who comes from a foreign country


government by the people




a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community

social rules

the roles we play in real life.

consent of governed

government by the people

rule of law

no one is above the law


a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments


someone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills that the lobbyists favor


a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group

president pro-tempore

Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president

minority party

party with fewer members in Congress


a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes


nonelective government officials

foreign policy

a policy governing international relations

Executive branch

the branch of government that carries out laws, enforces laws

domestic policy

plans for dealing with national problems


official representatives to foreign governments


persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers

implied powers

powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution


influence in an unfair way


get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions

congressional district

The area that a member of the House represents

general election

an election held to choose which candidate will hold office

independent voters

voters who are not members of a political party


a problem... or to bring out something


anything that is used to produce goods or services

opportunity cost

whatever must be given up to obtain some item


people chosen to speak or act for others


Granted full citizenship to one of foreign birth

common good

the good of a community

jury of peers

a group of citizens who decide a court case

limited government

the government has only the powers that the constitution gives it

representative government

a government in which the people have a say


a proposed law

speaker of house

leader of the house of representatives

majority party

the party that holds the majority of legislative seats in either the House or the Senate

pocket veto

indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it


Lawmaking Body

executive agreement

an agreement between the President and the leader of another country

executive order

a rule or command that has the force of law

executive privilege

the right to keep some information secret from Congress and the Courts


formal agreements between nations


Interprets Laws


the management of any office, business, or organization; direction.

expressed powers

powers directly stated in the constitution


a politician who is running for public office

closed primary

a primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote

direct primary

a primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office


the official who holds an office

interest groups

groups of people who work together for similar interests or goals


limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants


the act of choosing or selecting


exchange value of a good or service

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