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What are the telescoping tubes of matrix (concentric lamellae) with their central canals that form a large part of compact bone
In adults, _______ marrow fills the central canal of long bones, and ________ marrow is found in the epiphyses
The midline suture marking the articulation of the two parietal bones is called the _________ suture
The transverse processes of vertebrae point ________, while the spinous process points ________
The _______ is a median posterior projection arising at the junction of two laminae of the vertebral body
You pick up a vertebra to identify it and note that the transverse processes contain foramina. This unique feature identifies the vertebra as coming from the _________ region of the vertebral column
The sella turcica, part of which surrounds the pituitary gland is part of the ________ bone
Extension (or straightening) of the elbow stops when the proximal end of the ulna encounters the
Olecranon fossa of the humerus
The exceptional flexibility of the shoulder girdle is due, in part, to the
Strong ligament that holds the head of the humerus to its socket
Using the functional classification of joints, the intervertebral joint between bodies of adjacent vertebrae is a(n) ________ joint
Amphiarthrotic (slightly movable)
Muscles are strung across joints and can therefore move them. The insertion of a muscle
Moves toward the origin during contraction
In this type of cartilaginous joint, bones are connected by fibrocartilage. The joint is amphiarthrotic
The _______ joint is an immovable joint that holds bones of the axial skeleton tightly together to protect the ______
Which of the following will reduce friction in synovial joints?
articular cartilage, bursae and synovial fluid
Ligaments reinforce joints by holding the bones together. What tissue type are ligaments?
Dense regular connective tissue
What is true about the movement of properties of the following joints
All synovial joints are freely movable
A joint can only perform these movements: flexion/extension and abduction/adduction. It is therefore a _______ joint
The biceps branchii muscle flexes the elbow. What could you do to make the elbow extend
Contract a muscle on the posterior side of the elbow (Tricep)
Which of the following is a bone marking name that indicates a projection that helps to form joints
The canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of
Blood vessels and nerve fibers
Which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the bloodstream
Which of the following glands or organs produces hormones that tend to decrease blood calcium levels
Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body
The lumbar region
Which bone contains diaphysis and epiphysis areas, a tuberosity near its middle and is proportionally more compact than spongy bone
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called
What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called
Which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis
What can cause gouty arthritis
Excessive blood levels of uric acid depositied as crystals in the soft tissue joints
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