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advanced actor combatant words
These flashcards I've created to help me study for the Advanced actor combatant workshop in canada!
Terms in this set (107)
(Filipino) A fanning strike with a single stick.
(Filipino) Literally translates into "by the letters" or "by the numbers". Main practice patterns performed in an Abierta (open) stance in Arnis / Escrima
A "Sinawali" or double stick pattern in Escrima comprised of four lobtik? hits. Performed in the high line with an Abierta stance.
A ‚Siniwali‚ or double stick pattern in Escrima comprised of six strikes, two lobtiks and a witik. The witik is performed in the low line in an Abierta stance.
A ‚Siniwali or double stick pattern in Escrima performed in Abeirta stance and comprised of eight lobtik strikes; four done in the high line, four in the low line.
(Filipino) An open body stance. Arms and weapons are not crossed.
(Filipino) A disarming technique. Term describing all disarming techniques
(Japanese) Small Tanto (knife) without a tsuba ( hand guard/hilt ). Carried concealed inside the clothes, often by women.
A very broad dagger, generally less than two feet long
(Filipino) This is the twirling motion of the stick that is seen in many of the basic Serreda Stick counter sequences. The stick is twirled in either an upward or a downward motion.
The best known and systematic fighting art of the Philippines originally known as Kali. Said to have originated in India and later refined with the introduction and influence of the rapier and dagger during the Spanish invasion in the Early to mid 1500′s. The English translation is ‚ÄúArmour of the Hands‚Äù. Arnis centers around three distinct phases: stick, blade, and empty-hand combat. As a fighting art, Arnis has three forms of play: espada y daga? (sword and dagger); the solo baston (single stick) and the siniwali, a native term applied because the intricate movements of the two muton or Baston resemble the crisscross weaves of a Sawali; a pattern used in walling and matting.
A technique in which the kicking foot traverses above the opponent's head in a wide elliptical arc and lands downward on the opponent's neck or shoulder. Known in Korean as Nae-ryo chagi
"A seventeenth-century cavalry broadsword, with single or basket guard. The blade was flat, broad and single-edged, which distinguished it from the more common two-edged cavalry broadsword. The weapon used in a species of sword-play popular in the eighteenth century, especially amongst those whose social position hardly admitted their wearing and using the smallsword. The weapon was basket-hilted, the right edge only sharpened and the point rounded, not sharp. In the second half of the century, the popularity of the sport declined and was largely replaced by prize fighting with the fists. Backswordsmanship lived on, however, in the slightly different form of Single Stick. "
A counter throw in Judo in which you grab your opponent around the waist before they have time to complete a full turn. Finishing by picking the opponent up and arching backwards driving them to the floor. Known in Japanese as Ura-Nage.
A Malayan dagger shaped like a butterfly whose straight blade bears one sharp edge. Known in China as a Dip-Do or Bot Jum Do.
A "fanning" or "flicking" knife produced in the Philippines and considered a restricted or prohibited weapon. Sometimes, wrongly, referred to as a butterfly knife.
(Burmese) "Way of Discipline", "System of Defence" or "Art of Fighting". A Method of armed and unarmed combat composed of Karate-like striking and kicking techniques and Tudo-like throws, stick fighting, swordplay, knife and spear fighting. The most popular form of Bando is known as Burmese boxing and is one of the world's most brutal combat sports. As in Thai Boxing, it is conducted in a ring. The only illegal technique is finger thrusts to the eyes, throat or groin. The combatants fight bare-fisted for either three or four rounds or three minutes duration.
The "alive hand". Meant to defend the body from inside line attacks and also to perform disarms? and strikes. In most cases it is the empty hand when fighting with a weapon such as a knife, Solo Baston or Bolo. This is the hand that is responsible for the checking of your opponent's hand or the weapon itself. The alive hand is used for disarming, striking, thrusting with a knife and passing
"(Hand-and-a-half)A short, thick bladed sword, in use in the 16th century. The name applied to the hand-and-a-half medieval sword."
(Filipino) The single stick used in Escrima, Arnis and Kali.
The name for the hand guard of an Epée, derived from its shape and the musical note emitted when struck.
(Japanese) A spear-like weapon with a blade resembling a scimitar? affixed to it's end. It was used by the ninja of feudal Japan.
(Japanese) "Staff", "stave" or "stick". A wooden staff approximately six feet long. It is one of the five weapons systemized by the early Okinawan developers of te (hand), later called Kobudo and originated with the poles used by farmers to balance heavy loads across the shoulders.
(Japanese) "Staff and short weapon with two prongs sparring". A weapons Kata of "Isshin-ryu" Karate in which the wielder of the bo plays the aggressor and the sai handler is the defender.
Tai-otoshi in Japanese. A judo throwing technique in which the opponent is thrown over an extended leg. To execute this throw the thrower (tori) turns their back to the opponent (uke).
(Japanese) ‚Art of the Staff‚. In Korea known as Chang-bong. An armed system of combat centering around the use of a long wooden staff called a ‚Bo‚. The staff is employed with a two-handed gripping action and Kata is the main training method. Techniques are similar to those found in western quarter staff including cutting, thrusting, parrying deflecting sweeping and trapping. By quick changes in the grip, the length of the weapon can be varied for a long-range or close quarter combat.
"(Japanese) ""Wooden sword"". A wooden staff resembling the contours of the forged Katana. As used by the Japanese feudal warrior, the Bokken proved to be combat-efficient and greatly increased the range of Kenjutsu (Art of the Sword) practices before coming into its own as a weapon of lethal possibilities. Main weapon or practice in Iado and Aikido.
(Filipino) A type of machete used in Escrima.
(It.) The straight-thrust
(It.) Capo Ferro's term for the lunge
(It.) In the Italian schools of the sixteenth century, most masters professed to know of some secret attack, against which there was no defense.
A thin curved piece of metal, extending in a bow shape from the grip, where the latter joins the inside of the guard, to the pommel. In the absence of a basket-hilt, it offered some protection to the hand against a slash, although it was frequently still found on a smallsword of the eighteenth century, when, of course, a thrust was the chief danger to be feared.
A term somewhat loosely applied to many different types of sword; the essential feature was a broad blade. Possibly the word was derived from the Walloon braquet. (see Malchus)
A nineteenth century catch all term for broad bladed swords.
(Japanese) ‚Military. A concept of denoting the entire military dimension of Feudal Japan. It is used in compounds such as Bushi, Budo and Bujutsu.
A small round shield, approximately 8 - 14 inches in diameter.
(Japanese) "Military way." Or "fighting way". Spiritually related systems not necessarily designed by or for warriors for self defense. Budo is a generic term encompassing all of the Japanese "do" (way) arts. First positively identified about the mid-18th century. Budo subscribes to creating the ideal psychological state by removing the fear of death and excessive self-consciousness so its user can freely and completely make use of the acquired physical techniques.
(Japanese) ‚Military Art(s). a collective term for all of the Japanese Jutsu (arts) extant before the mid-18th century and practiced almost exclusively by the Samurai Warrior. These combatives whose main use was to overcome a foe in combat, were the forerunners of the modern ‚Do‚(way) system. Thus, Judo evolved from Jujutsu, Kendo from Kenjutsu, Karate-do from Karate-Jutsu and so on.
(Japanese) Military person, warrior‚ or‚Samurai. A generic term for the Japanese warrior that was changed to Samurai after the 15th century. The Bushi functioned as armed bodyguards for the Feudal lords and followed with unswerving allegiance the code of Bushido.
An eighteenth century smallsword guard or shell.
A highly acrobatic and dance like Brazilian Martial Art whose origins can be traced back to Africa.
Case Of Rapiers
Twin rapiers, generally carried in the same sheath, for those who favored double rapier play.
Any one of various weapons approximately twelve feet in length attached to a one pound metal weight with metal rings crowning it's egg-shaped base. The Chinese version was swung around in a variety of unpredictable patterns and at a tremendous speed. Defensively it was used to keep enemies at bay while plotting a strategy against overwhelming odds or in an individual encounter. In Japan a similar chain was used and connected to a pick or sickle. Called Kusari in Japanese.
(Chinese) ‚Art of seizing. An ancient Chinese fighting method for splitting tendons, dislocating joints and attacking vital points of the body. It is thought to be the forerunner of Jujutsu and Aiki-Jutsu. Known also as the bone-twisting art.
(Chinese) The double-edged sword used in many styles of Kung-Fu. Known also as the Gim (Tai-chi chuan) or Jian.
(Chinese) ‚Breath exercise. A breathing exercise that cultivates Chi and transmits it to all the bodily organs. Known in ancient China as ‚the method to repel illness and prolong life.
(Japanese) ‚Middle Level Guard. Most common posture in Kendo with the point of one's weapon aimed to the opponent's throat or eye level. Considered both an offensive and defensive position.
The original name for what is now known s the "claymore". The claybeg was much smaller than the claymore proper, which was a two-handed weapon.
The Highland broadsword, the long straight blade alone often reaching forty-two inches in length.
A peculiar variation of the smallsword which appeared in the early eighteenth century. The top third of the blade next to the hilt was much thicker than usual; below this, it narrowed very abruptly to the usual inconsiderable width. This odd construction was supposed to increase its strength while its triangular section, hollowed on the three sides, rendered it very light in the point. It was said to have been devised by Count John Charles von Konigsmark and is allegedly a corruption of his name.
The cup guard on a foil.
A somewhat impracticle imitation of the smallsword. Still in use today with official court dress. Not to be confused with the smallsword or dress sword.
Coustil a Croc*
A single-handed short sword of the Middle Ages.
An avoidance by stepping back out of distance rather than parrying an attack. Also known as the Ninth Parry.
The naval equivalent of the cavalry sabre; a broad bladed, slightly curved cutting weapon. Authorities differ on the etymology of the word; the most probable derivation appears to be from the French coutelas.
(Filipino) A dagger or knife used in Escrima.
(Japanese) Big and small. Two swords, one long (Katana) and the other short (Wakizashi) worn by the Samurai class in Feudal Japan.
Inlaying a steel blade with patterns of gold or silver. (also called Damasking)
A watered steel blade, not really from the city of Damascus; most came from Persia.
(Filipino) "Distance". A critical distance can be defined as any distance that has the ability to form a crisis or threatening situation. In Arnis / Escrima that refers to any distance from which your opponent can strike you with their edged, impact or anatomical weapons. There are four distances in Arnis/Escrima, three of which are critical.
(Filipino) "Close" or "Short". The closest range that is encountered while standing. In this range, you are too close to execute many of the actual striking techniques. Consequently the Escrima must drop his weapon and continue the altercation unarmed.
Distancia De Fuera
(Filipino) "Fire distance". This is a distance at which neither you nor your opponent can strike one another with a weapon or with the empty hand. This range allows you to briefly study or "feel out" your opponent. Outside or pre-contact range. The probing range.
Distancia Largo Mano
(Filipino) Largo Mano meaning ‚long hand‚ represents the furthest distance at which you can strike or be struck by your opponent. It is a range at which your opponent cannot strike you with his weapon but you can strike your opponent's hand with yours. In this range your offensive and defensive techniques become one. Your defensive block, in turn, becomes your offensive strike and vice versa.
(Filipino) Medium range. It is at this distance that you and your opponent are given the opportunity to strike one another in the head or body. Because of this danger the Alive hand is introduced. The majority of disarming techniques are also executed in the Medio Range.
(Korean) A Martial Arts uniform worn by Korean practitioners of art forms like Tai Kwon Do and Hapkido.
(Korean) Mean "place of the way" and refers to a Korean Martial Arts school.
Also known as ‚Siniwali‚ in the Filipino art forms of Kali, Escrima and Arnis. Fighting with two weapons simultaneously.
A light regulation weapon worn by officers with dress or full dress uniform. It originated in the 18th century. Not to be confused with the smallsword.
A weapon originating in Hungary and Bohemia and once very common in Germany. It was a cutting weapon, the main part of which was fashioned as a curved blade, while its upper extremity, curving in the opposite direction, formed a loop which served as both grip and Bow. There was no formal or separate hilt at all.
(Filipino) A serreda, sinawali ( double stick ) pattern that is similar to the Heaven 6 pattern and performed entirely in the low line. The main target areas being knees, ankles, feet and shins.
"A descending true edge cut straight down the centre.Can also be called be a head cut or a cut to 5 or 5A. Hand is in neutral."
(Filipino) "Small flower/circle". A stick technique resembling the Moulinet or Molinello from Rapier play. A quick circular action that can either act as a feint or an actual strike.
(Japanese) "Lower guard" or "Lower level guard". Basic low posture for Katana. Considered a defensive position.
(Japanese) "Hard and soft style‚Äù. A type of Okinawan Karate founded by Higaonna Kanryo and further developed by Miyagi Chojun.
(Filipino) An Instructor Of Filipino Martial Arts
(Japanese) "Springing hip throw". A Judo hip throw in which the opponent is thrown over the hip with the aid of the thrower's bent leg which helps to left the opponent off the ground.
(Korean) "Way of coordinated power". Codified, adapted and refined by Yon-Sul Choi (1904 ‚Äì 1986) from Japanese Aiki-Jujutsu fused with Native Korean Arts and new innovations. The art form is characterized by kicking without retraction and composed of three primary skills: non-resistance when meeting force, circular motion in countering and attacking, and the water principle ‚Äì total penetration of an enemy's defenses.
(Japanese) "Sweeping hip throw". Performed using the back as a lever against the opponent's forward hip then sweeping up the forward thigh with one leg and throwing the opponent. The fifth Judo technique of Nage-no-kata.
(Japanese) ‚Sweeping drawing ankle throw. A Judo foot technique used to sweep an opponent's ankle.
(Japanese) One of the five basic postures of Katana with the blade held vertically to the right or left side of the head.
(Filipino) A Serreda, sinawali (doublestick) pattern that is comprised of four lobtik and two witik strikes performed in the high line.
"(Japanese) Swordplay.A sword exercise of Kata employing a series of thrusting an cutting techniques while drawing and returning the blade. A form of sparring used in classical Karate in which both the attacker and defender begin by sitting and facing one another."
(Japanese) ‚Sword drawing art. The classical method of Japanese swordsmanship based on the perfection of the initial movement of the sword and the striking of the enemy instantly. This art was synonymous with the Samurai warrior.
(Japanese) Way of the sword. The modern art of drawing the Samurai sword from it scabbard. It is based on an earlier practice called Iai-jutsu.
A thrust over adversary's sword-arm, traveling downwards; generally executed with a pronated hand and from the right.
(It.) An offensive displacement of the body from the line of attack. (also called Inquarta, or Inquarto)
Jeet Kune Do*
(Chinese) ‚Way Of The Intercepting Fist‚. An eclectic fighting style with roots to Wing Chun kung-fu which incorporates basic mental and physical concepts, observations of combat maneuvers and philosophies of attitude gathered and developed by Bruce Lee (1941-1973).
Jeu De Fantaisie*
The style, tactics, and strokes beloved of romantic and historically-minded fencers with a taste for old treatises, who delight in experimenting with archaic theories, or in the imitation of the flamboyant play of stage duels; unscientific, obsolete, over-elaborate fencing which could not be risked in a serious encounter.
Jeu De Salle*
Play somewhat akin to the jeu de fantaisie ; formal, stylised fencing lacking aggression and practical utility and perhaps involving risks acceptable in a friendly bout rather than in the tense conditions of a competition.
Jeu De Soldat*
A contemptuous term for the performance of a violent, clumsy fencer. Heavy-handed play was, in the old days, particularly associated with the sabre, the military weapon.
Jeu De Terrain*
The sword-play of the real duel, generally fought out-of-doors- "under the dripping trees at dawn" as Charles de Beaumont used to say. The epee fencing of the late nineteenth century was supposed to reproduce its conditions as far as possible.
Or Jutsu. (Japanese) A suffix used to mean skill or practice.
(Japanese) ‚High level posture A posture in which one holds a weapon such as a Katana, Bokken or Shinai with one or both hands over the head.
(Japanese) ‚Art of the stick. The Japanese art of stick fighting which was developed about four hundred years ago. Today the art is known as Jodo and has been adopted by the police who refer to it as Keibo Soho (police stick art).
"(Japanese) ‚Gentle‚supple or soft.The Principle of suppleness, adaptation and non-resistance recognized in Aikido and Judo.The number 10. "
Jumping Spinning Back Kick*
A back kick in which the delivery is characterized by an initial leap and the turning of the body 180 degrees. Known in Korean as twit tolyo twi chagi.
Jumping Spinning Crescent Kick*
A crescent kick in which the delivery is characterized by an initial leap and the turning of the body 180 degrees. A kick made popular in film by martial arts star Jean-Claude Van Damme. Known in Korean as twit tolyo pandal chagi.
Kicks that are very similar in motion to standing kicks except that they are executed while air-borne with both feet suspended above the ground. Usually directed horizontally or downward. Known in Japanese as tobi-geri; in Korean as twi-o-chagi.
"Any attack originating from the right hand side, landing on the inside line.From the mid-16th century Italian Schools."
An Elizabethan term for an upward cut.
(It.) A vertical cut delivered upwards
(It.) An early cutting weapon.
(It.) Formally, a stop-hit in the low line. The whole body is dropped under the partner's blade and the left leg is thrown diagonally across the line of attack to the executant's right, while he supports himself on the ground with his left hand.
(It.) A form of counter attack described by Capo Ferro which involved the use of the hand to parry, while simultaneously thrusting.
(It.) A sword.
(It.) A thrust under the adversary's sword-arm; according to Saviolo's classification, from the low right-hand side. (also spelled "Stoccata")
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