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108 terms

Anatomy 2

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What is the order of the part of the eye:
Cornea, aqueous humor, lens, vitreous humor.
Pinkeye is caused by irritation of the:
conjunctiva.
Oily secretions that lubricate the eye are produced by:
meibomian glands.
The___ is the white of the eye.
sclera
The blind spot is located at the:
optic disk
The set colors of our eyes are:
blue, green, and red.
Cataracts results from changes is the:
lens.
Color blindness:
does not occur most in women.
______ is the substance which provides the eyeball with most of material to maintain its shape.
Choroid coat
____ is the reflexive movement if the eye medially when viewing close objects
• Convergence
The ____ is the clear central anterior portion of the sclera.
cornea
Lysozymes DO NOT:
stimulate rods and cones
3 tunics of the eye:
chorid, sclera, retina.
Receptors stimulated by the movement of fluid or vibrations are:
mechanoreceptors.
Sounds waves entering the external auditory canal hit the eardrum, also known as the:
tympanic
Auditory ausicles are located in the:
middle ear.
Hearing receptors are located within the:
organ of corti.
Stapes transmit vibrations to the inner ear through the:
oval window
_____ are not part of the inner ear.
Ossicles
The hearing receptors of the organ of corti are:
hair cells
The _____ is the portion of the bony labyrinth responsible for our sense of static equilibrium.
vestibule
An infection that follows a cold has passed from the aurditory tube to the:
middle ear.
This of the following is not important in providing information used to control balance to the cerebellum:
fusion of the ossicles.
Olfactory receptors are examples of :
chemoreceptors.
__ is not a primary taste sensation.
Pungent
Salty receptors respond to:
metal ions in soluation.
_____ is not involved with taste or smell.
The vestibular (V111)
_____ are the cells that respond to chemicals dissolved in the saliva.
Gustatory receptors
3 bones that make up the ossicles:
hammer, anvil, stirrup.
2 types of deafness:
conduction & sensorineural.
Deafness is defined as a hearing loss of more than 50%
FALSE
The human moth has around 20,000 taste buds
FALSE
Taste buds are only found on the tongue
FALSE
The resting eye is "set" for near vision
FALSE
Gross eye movements are produced by eight extrinsic(external) movements
FALSE
Glaucoma results from decreased intraocular pressure
FALSE
The real image that is formed on the retina, is going to be right-side up, reversed from right to left and larger than the object
FALSE
Vitreous humor is continually regenerated from our bodies through our lifetime
FALSE
A tonometer is used to illuminate the interior of the eye ball, allowing the retina, optic disc and internal blood vessels to be viewed and examined
FALSE
The lens of the human eye is bi-concave crystal like structure
FALSE
Unlike the state sensation, it is NOT necessary to have the chemicals associated with smells dissolved in a body fluid
FALSE
Unequal pressure on both surfaces of the eardrum are needed for proper eardrum function
FALSE
Aqueous humor is located anterior to the lens and drains through the canal of schlemm
TRUE
A person with myopic eyes is going to be near-sighted
TRUE
Cones allows us to see in color or bright lights
TRUE
The sclera is also called the fibrous
TRUE
The process of bending light rays is called refraction
TRUE
The organ of corti will be found within the cochlea the inside of the
TRUE
The pinna is what most people call the ear
TRUE
The vestibular nerve is activated during static equilibrium & dynamic equilibrium events
TRUE
The crista ampullaris is the site where dynamic equalilbrium receptors are found
TRUE
Being lipid soluble, steroids can do all of the following except:
catalyze cyclic AMP
The type of endocrine stimulus that involves changing blood levels of certain ions and nutrients is called:
humoral stimulus
The pituitary is located:
in the "turks saddle" of the sphenoid bone
Tropic hormones:
stimulate other endocrine glands
Hypersecretion of growth hormone in adulthood leads to:
acromegaly
The hormone that triggers ovulation of an egg from the female ovary is:
luteinizing hormone
Aldosterone is a(n):
mineralocorticoid
When blood levels of aldosterone rise, kidney tubules:
reabsorb sodium
Tetany indicates a malfunction of the
parathyroid gland
The enzyme that is produced by the Kidneys when blood pressure drops and that causes the release of aldosterone is:
renin
which of the following is NOT a symptom of cushings syndrome
Bronze skin tones
Hyposecertion of all the adenal cortex hormones leads to:
Addison's Disease
Insulin is produced by which cells of the pancreatic islets:
Beta cells
Insulin has a
hypoglcemic effect
Insulin causes a:
Decrease in the concentration of blood glucose
Which of the following is NOT a sign of diabetes mellitus:
moon face
The secretions from which of these glands differs between males and females:
Gonad
The pineal gland produces:
melatonin
The hormone that appears to help regulate out sleep cycles is:
melatonin
The hormone responsible for T cell maturation is:
Thymosin
Estrogens do all of the following except:
stimulate growth of facial hair
The corpus luteum produces:
progesterone
The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called:
interstital cells
The secondary sec characteristics brought about by testosterone DO NOT include:
development of breats
The placenta produces all of the following except:
luteinizing hormone
Neurosecretory cells transport oxytocin and antidueretic hormone to the anterior pituitary
FALSE
Exocrine glands are ductless glands
TRUE
The endocrine system is much faster than the nervous system in coordinating the activities of body cells
FLASE
The anterior pituitary is the "master endocrine gland" because it is all-powerful in its control
FALSE
Releasing and inhibiting hormones produced by the hypothalamus are connected to the anterior pituitary through portal circulation
TRUE
The posterior pituitary stores but does not make the hormones it releases
TRUE
vasopressin is another name of antiduiretic hormone
TRUE
Hyposecretion of FSH or LH leads to sterility n both males and females
TRUE
Graves disease is a form of hyperthyroidism
TRUE
Calitonin is an antagonist to parathormone
TRUE
The adrenal glands are similar to the pituitary gland in that they have both glandular and neural tissue
TRUE
The glucocorticoids helps the body handle long-term stress
TRUE
Both male and female sex hormones are produced by the adrenal cortex throughout life
TRUE
Hypersercretion of sex hormones lead to masculinization regardless of sex
TRUE
The adrenal medulla is stimulated nu the fight or flight response
TRUE
The pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine functions
TRUE
The placenta is a temporary organ formed during pregnancy to help initiate labor
TRUE
3 different types of hormones:
Amino acid based
steroids
prostaglandines
3 different types of endocrine gland stimuli
Humoral
Hormonal
Neural
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Growth hormone
anterior pituitary
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
anterior pituitary
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Luteinizing hormone
anterior pituitary
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Antidiuretic hormone
posterior pituitary
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Thyroxine
thyroid
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Parathormone
parathyroids
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Aldosterone
adrenal cortex
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Cortisone
adrenal cortex
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Insulin
beta cells of pancreatic islets
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Glucagon
alpha cells of pancreatic islets
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Melatonin
pineal
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Thymosin
Thymus
(match hormone with endocrine system)
Human chorionic gonadotropin
placenta