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32 terms

Hinduism Vocabulary

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advaita
Essentially all are 'one'; one supreme Spirit; one Consciousness, non-duality
ardha-nari-iswara
A form of Shiva. Half man and half woman
aryans
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system
atman
In Hindu belief, a person's essential self
avatar
the manifestation of a Hindu deity (especially Vishnu) in human or superhuman or animal form
avidya
means ignorance. one of the 4 noble truths. Suffering has a cause. It is grounded in our ignorance about reality. - we are ignorant of the impermanence of all phenomena. - we desire/cling/thirst after illusions
bhagavad gita
The most important work of Indian sacred literature, a dialogue between the great warrior Arjuna and the god Krishna on duty and the fate of the spirit., (Hinduism) the sacred 'song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic)
bhakti
(Hinduism) loving devotion to a deity leading to salvation and Nirvana
brahma
A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.
brahman
Also, Brahmin. a member of the highest, or priestly, class among the Hindus, a member of the highest of the four Hindu varnas
brahmin
the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests
caste
(Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus
cit
to call out , summon
darshana
viewing the statue of the deity in the temple
dalit
a member of a group of people in India, once known as "untouchables", who were outside the caste system; were considered lower than the lowest caste; have gained some rights under India's new constitution
dharma
in Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste , basic principle of the cosmos.
diwali
a New Years-type celebration in Hinduism, multi-day festival of lights
ganesha
Hindu god of wisdom or prophecy
guru
a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher
holi
The holiday that marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. On this holiday, the hindus go into the streets and spray each other with different colored paints in honor of Krishna.
ishvara
Ishvara literally means " lord of the universe."
jati
sub castes; were groups of people within each caste that worked together for one economic function
jnana
One of the three yogas in order to reach Moksha. Wisdom, Knowledge. This was normally only accomplish able by the Brahmin caste
kama
god of love and erotic desire
karma
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
krishna
..., in Hinduism, the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu
linga
a stone that symbolizes Hindu god Shiva (or Siva)
mantra
(Sanskrit) literally a 'sacred utterance' in Vedism
maya
...
moksha
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
om
a mantra used in contemplation of ultimate reality. Sound of the universe
puja
a Hindu ceremony of religious worship