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USH TEST 4
Terms in this set (184)
The building of the Panama canal reflected ______.
America's new role as a world power.
How did Roosevelt become President?
McKinley was assassinated in 1901 & TR was his VP
Why were Japan & Russia @war?
They were both imperialist powers competing for control of Korea.
What was the result of TR's negotiations with Japan & Russia?
Japan gained half the island of Sakhalin & took over Russian interest in Korea & Manchuria.
What treaty gave us the rights to build and control a canal in Central America?
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901
What country controlled Panama?
The first country to try and build a canal was _____.
What happened when negotiations to build a canal broke down?
Panamanian rebellion against Colombia.
What were the terms of the treaty between Panama & the U.S?
US agreed to pay Colombia $10 million plus an annual rent of $250,000
Republican candidate of the Election of 1900
McKinley is older & quiet and needs a new, louder, VP & chooses ______.
A few months after his oath, McKinley is giving a speech in NY & _____ shoots him.
An older Republican came up to McKinley after he chose Roosevelt as his VP & said what to McKinley?
That cowboy is one heartbeat away from being the next President of the U.S.
Mine workers decide to go on strike in ______ bc it's when everyone needs coal.
_____ volunteers to be negotiator between the coal mine owners and workers.
Roosevelt begins negotiating, gives them food and beer, and says why not a little raise, and building better schools, etc. How many people agree?
All but one.
What does Roosevelt do to work with the one mine worker who won't agree to the new terms?
1) says I am ordering you as President.
-Owner says I do what I want.
2) Throws him out the window.
-He agrees & the miners go back to work.
What problem did the engineers and workers find with the Panama Canal?
Diseases and accidents , which killed more than 5600 workers, and the soft volcanic soil that proved difficult to remove from where it lay.
What was the result of the revolution in Panama (This is despite U.S. compensation)?
U.S & Latin American relations have been damaged; the resulting ill will last for decades.
What does the political cartoon state about Roosevelt's new world diplomacy?
Shows that Roosevelt has the right to execute police power to keep the countries of Europe out of the affairs of Latin American countries.
Why was Roosevelt concerned about Latin American countries failing to payback loans from European banks?
He feared that if these nations defaulted on their loans, Europeans might intervene. He was determined to make the U.S. the predominant power in the Caribbean and Central America.
How did Roosevelt extend the power of the Monroe Doctrine?
He added the Roosevelt corollary which said US would use force to protect its economic interests in Latin America.
What West African proverb did Roosevelt adopt?
"Speak softly and carry a big stick."
________ was the policy of using the nations economic power to exert influence over other countries.
The ____ were the first to start a canal, but failed miserably.
_____ gives the U.S. the "okay" to dig the canal and manage it.
_____ owns Panama so the U.S. has to negotiate with them.
The U.S. is going to write a check to Colombia for _____ which covers __ miles wide & __ miles long.
$10 million; 6mi wide; 51 mi long.
On top of the $10 mill the U.S. is giving Colombia, U.S. will also will pay _______ a year for rent.
Roosevelt is okay w the Colombian leaders asking for more b/c? (3 reasons)
the canal saves travel time, improves trade, & provides protection
The "big stick" Roosevelt refers to is the _____.
Roosevelt sends part of our navy to sit on the coast of _____ (sending a message to greedy Colombia).
The Panamanians are poor yet now they have ___ curtesy of the U.S.
shiny new rifles
The Panamanian Revolution lasts a few days. What is the outcome?
Panama is now free of Colombia.
What century firmly established the U.S. position in global trade?
How long did it take for the U.S. to build the Panama Canal? What year did it open?
Ten years; Opened in 1914.
How is the toll for every ship determined?
It's size, it's cargo, and number of passengers.
The early decades saw extensive use of the canal. What percentage of major port cities used the canal?
What southern port gained access to Asia via the canal?
Even after the revolution, US pays Colombia how much?
_______ designed the locks system that is still used today in the canal.
_______ is the one who realized the mosquitos are carrying yellow fever & malaria.
How did they get rid of the misquotes?
drained the swamps, put oil on the water & set it on fire to kill eggs.
The canal took ____ years to build and opened in _____.
During Roosevelt's administration, there is a group of writers, _______, who write magazines about things that are not right w/ Americans.
Five topics (in order) that the Progressives talk about
The right to vote for women
What was the reasoning behind not allowing women to vote?
women's minds can't handle politics
Example of suffrage.
Women voting for Bill Clinton solely bc he is handsome.
When do women get the right to vote?
People want to get rid of alcohol.
Who mainly wants to get rid of alcohol?
ladies in the family bc their husband will often come home drunk
What alcohol will be allowed and why?
wine for church
Person behind prohibition
Carrie Nation is an average looking grandma but carried around a ___ in her purse.
Teddy R called the progressives ____ bc they raked up all the foul smelling muck to make everything nice and new again.
Leading muckraker in monopolies
Ida Tarbell wrote a huge paper on ____ and wanted revenge bc why?
standard oil; her dad worked for a small oil company that rockefeller ran out of business
Before Ida Tarbell's paper hit the press, Rockeffeler went to her house and offered $____ to not publish it.
Ida said ___ to the $5 million Rockefeller offered.
Government decided standard oil will have to pay a fine of $_____ (highest ever set).
A muckraker writes a story dealing with the food industry called _______.
When Teddy R read The Jungle, he went to congress and passed _____ and the _____.
Pure Food & Drug Act; FDA (Food & Drug Administration)
Somebody brought up that there are hardly any parks in the east.
Teddy R & his buddies came up w the idea to do what? (conservation)
set up parks to prevent being destroyed or drilling to go on there.
Government passed the ______ which stated that some of the tax $$ from the sale of land in the west will go to parks, dams, and canals.
Most land on the east has been sold for _____ so they chose to put parks on the west where it was unsettled.
buildings and homes
First person Teddy R chose to be leader of the park system is _______ who is his hunting/camping buddy.
What was President Wilson's idea of missionary diplomacy?
the policy of using the US government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American businesspeople
______ encouraged American investment in Mexico.
Why did Wilson refuse to recognize the Mexican government under General Huerta?
He called it a "government of butchers."
What event gave Wilson the excuse to intervene in Mexico?
one of Huerta's officers arrested a small group of American sailors in Tampico, on Mexican's eastern shore
Why was General John J. Pershing and 1500 soldiers sent to Mexico?
to capture Villa dead or alive
List the world events of 1914 that would change history.
(1) Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated.
(2) Hollywood, California becomes the center of movie production in the US.
(3) Germany declares war on Russia & France. GB declares war on Germany & Austria-Hungary.
_______ was the first woman to be elected to Congress.
Jeanette Rankin of Montana
The US was neutral for __ years before going to war.
A devotion to the interests and culture of ones nation.
Expanding their economic and political control over various people of the world.
The development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
4 conditions that led to the war
nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and alliance system
the triple entente or allies
France, Britain, and Russia.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire.
Why were Russia and Austria-Hungary rivals for influence over Siberia?
Russia wanted access to the Mediterranean Sea & Austria-Hungary wanted a rail link to the Ottoman Empire.
Name the European country that had the number one army.
What nations were building larger navies?
Germany, followed by France, Italy, Japan, and the US.
What offices did Taft hold under President Roosevelt?
Secretary of War
Why were low tariff republicans unhappy w the Payne-Aldrich tariff and Taft?
it raised the tariff
Why was Roosevelt unhappy w Taft's prosecution of US steel?
bc Roosevelt gave his approval when US steel bought Tennessee coal and iron
____ met Roosevelt at the dock to tell him about Taft (he is returning from Africa).
What happened at the republican convention for the 1912 election?
many delegates refused to vote in protest of Taft's election
How did Taft and Roosevelt's argument make it possible for Wilson to become President?
by splitting their party and attacking each other, they opened the door for the democrats to win.
First incident w Taft as President
new cabinet position called Secretary of the Interior
___ thinks he will move up and take the position of Secretary of the Interior.
Taft's best buddy ____, who likes nature but is open to drilling oil wells there instead, will become Secretary of the Interior.
Second incident w Taft as President
Speaker of the house w Joe Cannon
Joe Cannon's nickname
In house and senate, there is a ______ which sets a calendar for bills.
Speaker Joe Cannon was power hungry & so he did what w the Rules committee?
He would look at the calendar ahead of time and if he didn't like a bill he would erase it.
Joe Cannon was so power hungry he did what after you were elected to the house/senate?
you would be chosen for a committee but if you pissed off Cannon, he would put you in a bad committee.
Some of the _____ decided it was time to get rid of Cannon bc he had too much power.
The people looked for support from Taft to get rid of Cannon but he supported Cannon bc?
Cannon was an old guard
Republicans were able to get the votes to get rid of Cannon BUT?
they were going to remember that they didn't get the support of the President
Under Taft the ____ was formed to protect kids by getting them out of factories.
The Bureau did things such as?
make sure kids were healthy & got a good education; invented High School
back then income tax took about ___% of your income.
Deadline for income tax
direct election of senators
Before the 17th amendment, ______ could vote for the new senator when the original dies/resigns.
state legislatures were wealthy and had high educations which was a problem bc?
when they elected a senator, they'd choose men like them-rich & educated men who can't relate to the people
The state legislatures picking wealthy and educated men like themselves earned the name ______.
Under Taft, two states were admitted ____ and _____.
New Mexico (47) and Arizona (48)
____ was known as the "powder keg of Europe."
The heir to the Austrian throne ______ was assassinated in the city of ______.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand; Sarajevo.
Name the person who killed the Archduke and the group he belonged to.
Gavrilo Princip-Black Hand
_____ declared war against Russia due to an alliance w Austria-Hungary.
Why was Belgium important to the Schlieffen Plan?
The plan called for holding action vs Russia and going through Belgium into Paris
What was the result of the battle of Tannenburg?
Germans stop Russian advance.
What was the result of the battle of Gallipoli?
Allied forces defeated in bid to establish a supply route to Russia.
Election of 1912 Republican candidate
Election of 1912 Democratic candidate
Election of 1912 Progressive candidate
Name of Roosevelt's party, called _____ bc one Teddy R was speaking & was shot but his drafts in his pocket protected him.
Bull Moose Party
Once Teddy R was shot, he refused to go to the hospital saying, "____."
"I'm strong like a bull moose."
Since Teddy R is running again, he comes up w ______.
Ideas of New Nationalism
1. More democratic & direct government.
2. More conservation.
3. Woman suffrage.
4. Better working condition for factory workers.
In New Nationalism, a more direct and democratic government means
less federal government-city & state take care of everything
In New Nationalism, more conservation was meant to
take a stab at Taft and Ballinger
In New Nationalsim, giving women the right to vote was a good idea bc?
if u gave them the right to vote, they'll vote 4 u
TR's ideas of "New Nationalism" are not new ideas but people are listening bc?
Teddy R is the one saying them
____ support Teddy R
____ support Taft
____ becomes President of the 1912 Election.
South is thrilled Wilson is President bc?
he is from the south
When the archduke is killed, _____ demands that Serbia be punished.
Alliances line up and WWI begins in Europe bc?
Serbia can't meet Austria- Hungary's demands
Germany leads the world in the # of submarines they have which is ___.
U boat means
Then and now we have ______ which meant anyone can sail wherever you want all around the world safely.
Freedom of the Seas
Germany said if you go through the war zone than we can fire on you bc? which leads to?
they were concerned about US sending supplies to France and Britain; sub warfare
The trench system stretched from the Belgium Coast to _______.
What are the 3 kinds of trenches?
front line, support, and reserve
A barren expanse of mud pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire.
No man's land
Communication trenches were located in a ___ trench.
What was the purpose of "saps?"
shallow trenches in "no mans land," allowing access to machine-gun nests, grenade throwing positions, and observation posts.
Why did neutralized citizens follow the events of the war in Europe?
bc they still had ties to the nation's from which they emigrated
Why did America begin to favor Britain and France?
bc of common ancestry and language as well as similar democratic institutions and legal systems
Wilson ran with the slogan that said?
"he kept us out of war"
Wilson knows that US will eventually join the war but he runs on ___ & ___ which will get him re-elected.
peace & prosperity
Germans were going after all cargo ships, including US ones, bc they thought we were sending supplies, but then they began to suspect ____.
____ was a big cruise liner.
____ was the sister ship to the Titanic.
Lusitania was from ____ but was currently docked at ____.
Germany does something unusual involving Lusitania-what is it?
puts an add in all the NY papers reminding the passengers of the Lusitania that it will go through a sub war zone
How long did the German add run in the NY paper?
Why did Germany run the add warning passengers?
bc this way they couldn't be held accountable for the deaths that may occur
Since the Lusitania was going through a war zone, the captain was told to sail ____.
zig zag (sail in a Z)
Captain sailed straight out of NY on the Lusitania in zig-zag...why was this a problem?
sailing in zig-zag wastes fuel and time-he should have waited till he was approaching the sub war zone
President of 1900
McKinley then TR
President of 1904
President of 1908
President of 1912
President of 1916
Why did Roosevelt want the Panama Canal?
Trade & protection
Another name for progressive is
First commissioner of parks
Off the coast of _____, the captain of the Lusitania stopped going zig-zag.
Why did the Lusitania stop sailing zig-zag?
maybe not enough fuel, maybe he thought he was close enough to GB.
The German sub ____ hit the Lusitania w a torpedo.
Titanic took 3-4 hours to sink while the Lusitania took ____.
____ americans died on the Lusitania out of ______ total.
The American public pushed for war so Wilson asked the navy and army if they were ready-what did they say?
navy said yes were #3 still BUT army said we only have enough ammunition for 2 days of fighting.
A couple of months later, since Wilson has been stalling going to war, the ___ is torpedoed and __ americans died.
Germany figured they could win the _____ war as long as US didn't come in.
Germany comes up with a ______ plan in case US comes in bc it means the US will have to unevenly split up their troops.
Germany decides to make an alliance w _____.
Once this agreement was made bn Mexico and Germany, what would happen
German officers would go to Mexico and bring war equipment and train them
US would have to put ___% on the Mexican/US border and ____% in Germany.
_____ is a foreign minister in Germany who is going to send a note to Mexico about the details of their plan.
____ intercepts the note from Zimmerman, decodes it, and gives it to Wilson.
If Germany had gained Mexico as an ally, they would've gained what states?
texas, arizona, and new mexico
Wilson puts the zimmerman note in every newspaper and goes to congress and ____.
____ said that the US would now use force to protect its economic interests in latin america.
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