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SS 8- Cold War vocab
Terms in this set (20)
This period of time following World War II is when the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
organization founded after World War II to promote international peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations
Introduced by U.S. Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world, (think of a container)
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology (nondemocratic government)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if member countries were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
The 1955 treaty binding the Soviet Union and countries of eastern Europe in an alliance against the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
In 1948, Berlin was blocked off by the Soviet Union in order to strangle the Allied forces. In order to combat this, the United States began to airlift supplies (food) into Berlin.
Senator McCarthy lead hearings to determine if people were communist and should be blacklisted.
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high wall topped with barbed wire and glass shards to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
Cuban Missile Crisis
an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev gave into the U.S. demands a week later.
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control, they'll fall like dominoes in a line.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
In 1960 the South Vietnamese formed the National Liberation Front. Its main goal was to overthrow Diem's government.
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used guerilla warfare to fight anti-communist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
an Ohio University where National Guardsmen opened fire on students protesting the Vietnam War on May 4,1970, wounding nine and killing four
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
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