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The two basic tissues of which the skin is composed are dense irregular connective tissue, which makes up the dermis, and
Stratified squamous epithelium
Four protective functions of the skin are
Insulate and cushion
Protect from mechanical damage
Protect from chemical damage
Protect from heat
__________ granules extruded from the keratinocytes prevent water loss by diffusion through the epidermis
A unique touch receptor formed from a stratum basale cell and a nerve fiber is a
Tactile or Merkel disc
What substance is manufactured in the skin that plays a role in calcium absorption elsewhere in the body
List the sensory receptors found in the dermis of the skin
Free nerve endings (pain receptors)
Meissner's corpuscles (touch receptors)
Pacinian corpusles (pressure receptors)
Bedsore (decubitus ulcer)
Restriction of normal blood supply to the skin in bedridden patients
Bony projections go into skin when they are not turned regularly resulting in tissue death
Tiny muscles, attached to hair follicles, that pull the hair upright during fright or cold
Less numerous type of perspiration-producing gland; found mainly in the pubic and axillary regions
Sweat gland - Apocrine
Two integumentary system mechanisms that help in regulating body temperature
Bloos vessels contrict/dilate to control heat
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