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41 terms

U3 Executive Branch

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35
This is how old you must be to become president
natural born citizen
In order to be president one must be 35, have lived in the US for 14 years, and this.
14
number of years a person must live in the US to be president
chief executive
the role of the president as head of the executive branch of the government
chief diplomat
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and effecting executive agreements.
commander in chief
The role of the president where he is in charge of the US armed forces
legislative leader
President can suggest laws and persuade congress to support legislation he favors; has the power to veto bills
chief of state
The president as a symbol of the country at formal parties and events
economic leader
The president's role as leading
party leader
The president's role as the #1 person in his political party
executive order
a rule issued by the president that has the force of law (e.g., putting Japanese in internment camps)
executive agreement
an agreement between the president and the leader of another country (doesn't require approval of Sen.)
treaty
A formal agreement between the US and other nations -must be approved by 2/3 of Senate
impeach
only the House can do this - a formal accusation that the President has committed a crime
removal
can only be done in a Senate trail after impeachment
pardon
the power to free a person from punishment
amnesty
the act of granting forgiveness to a large group of people
Senate
group that must confirm a president's nominees to the Supreme Court
domestic policy
refers to issues inside America's borders
foreign policy
refers to issues between America and other countries
War Powers Act
a law enacted in 1973 that limits a president's right to send troops into battle without consulting Congress
Vice President
According to the Constitution this person is the official head of the Senate
State
Cabinet department that deals peacefully with other countries
diplomacy
the art and practice of conducting negotiation between nations without arousing hostility
ambassador
a person sent to a foreign country to represent his or her government
state of the union
Constitutionally required address by the President typically given in a joint session of Congress.
cabinet
group of officials who head government departments and advise the President
Treasury
Cabinet department that collects revenue and administers federal finances
Defense
Cabinet department that supervises the agencies and functions of the military
Justice
Cabinet department that represents the US in court, investigates federal crime, ensures federal laws are followed
Attorney General
head of the Justice department
Secretary
name for the head of all cabinet departments (except Justice)
HHS
Cabinet department that oversees all programs related to health (e.g., the CDC)
HUD
Cabinet department that administers programs dealing with better housing and urban renewal
Education
Cabinet department that oversees loans for student aid and No Child Left Behind
Homeland Security
Cabinet department that protects US borders and fights terrorism; most recently created
Speaker of the House
After the VP, this person is next in the line of presidential succession
President pro tempore
Unofficial head of the Senate; next in line of succession after the Speaker of the House
State
1st Cabinet department in the order of succession
agencies
divisions of the Cabinet departments, like the FBI, CIA, IRS and FDA
commute
to change a penalty to a less severe one (power of the pres.)