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I am testing how types of water affects a plants height. Which is the IV and which is the DV?

IV- type of water
DV- plant height


a short statement that results from observations of an action


an explanation of a series of observations supported by many scientists

What are the two processes in photosynthesis?

ETC of photosynthesis and Calvin Cycle

What are the three processes of Cellular Respiration?

Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and ETC of Cellular Respiration

What are the 3 main steps of the cell cycle?

Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis

What is cancer?

cancer is a mutation that overtakes your cells and is cause by uncontrolled growth that cell missed the G1 checkpoint stage

stem cells

they can turn into any other type of cell there are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells

in mendels work what is the P generation?

this is the parent generation and they are all purebred

in mendels work what is the F1 generation?

this is the first generation of the parents this is all heterozygous

in mendels work what is the F2 generation?

this is the generation after F1, 1 is recessive, 1 is dominant, and 2 are heterozygous

What are the parts that make up DNA?

phosphate group, bases (A,T,G,C), and ribose (sugar)

Where does replication happen?


Where does transcription happen?


Where does translation happen?


what are the geologic time eras?

precambrian, paleozoic, mesozoic, cenozoic

What are the dates and 2 important events from the precambrian era?

4600-542 mya, soft bodied organisms, multicellular organisms

What are the dates and 2 important events from the paleozoic era?

542-251 mya, cambrian explosion, sharks and fish

What are the dates and 2 important events from the mesozoic era?

251-65.5 mya, dinosaurs, birds

Whar are the dates and 2 important events from the cenozoic era?

65.5mya-today, humans, ice ages

What are the five conditions that must be met for the Hardy-Weinberg Equillibrium?

1. no immigration or emigration 2. large population 3. mating is random 4. no mutations 5. no natural selection

homologous chromosomes


sister chromatids






somatic cells


crossing over


incomplete dominance








polygenic trait








n number






DNA helicase


DNA polymerase


RNA polymerase


Amino acids


peptide bonds


okazaki fragments






derived trait


ancestral trait


homologous structure


analogous structure


vestigial trait


comparative biochemistry


convergent evolution


antimicrobial resistance


genetic drift


gene flow


directional natural selection


stabilizing natural selection


disruptive natural selection


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