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the watering of dry land by means of streams, canals, or popes. Helped Egyptians build a strong farming economy.
Nile River Valley
Began around 10,000 BC during the New stone Age. Many villages on it by 4500 BC--Attracted people because of its fertile land.
A king of Upper Egypt who changed the course of Egyptian history. United the two kingdoms. Built the city of Memphis for his capital.
First woman ruler known to history. Greatly enriched Egypt's wealth by trading with East Africa and Asia. Ordered the building of the great temples at Thebes.
The capital city where the "stalk" of Upper Egypt meets the blossom of Lower Egypt. Built by Menes. Place where great palace was built.
Valley of the Kings
Place where many rulers were buried in a maze cut into the cliffs. Entrances were tightly sealed or kept secret.
Ancient system of writing dating back to 3000 BC. Pictures or signs of Ancient Egypt writing.
Black stone discovered in 1799 near Nile Delta. Had carvings in 3 languages, hieroglyphics, Late Egyptian, Greek. Taught meaning of hieroglyphics.
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