Terms in this set (43)
the longest river in the world, flowing through northeastern Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. River flows south to north!
a king of ancient Egypt
a triangular shaped plain at the mouth of a river, formed when sediment is deposited by flowing water
a large waterfall or steep rapids
fine soil found on river bottoms
a desert region and ancient kingdom in the Nile River Valley, on the site of present day southern Egypt and northern Sudan
the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, represented by a goddess, often portrayed with a feather upon her head
legendary founder of the first Egyptian dynasty; according to tradition, unified Upper and Lower Egypt, founded the capital of Memphis
complete control over someone or something
temple built by Ramses II which had to be cut apart and moved to higher ground
Book of the dead
meant to guide the dead on their journey to their afterlife. The books hieroglyphs are written on papyrus.
Egyptian pharaoh who built The Great Pyramid, he was the second King of the Fourth Dynasty
An ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
Jean Francois Champolion
French scholar that unlocked the Egyptian code of writing using the Rosetta Stone
Is a flooding time in the year. When the land was covered with water, it freed the workers to do other things such as building, practicing their religions or working as artisans, etc. Occurs from June to September
An extremely dry area with little water and few plants
A mythical Egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human.
a tall, flat stone, often carved with writing, used to mark an important historical event
Palette of Narmer
One of the earliest historical works preserved:, Hierakonpolis, Predynastic, slate. ca. 3000-2920BCE. commemorates the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. Narmer, the largest figure, effortlessly defeats a foe on one side, and on the other surveys the beheaded enemy.
Egyptian falcon-headed solar god
a series of rulers from the same family or ethnic group
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
a life after death
a huge building with four sloping triangle shaped sides; built as a royal tomb in Egypt
process developed by the ancient Egyptians of preserving a person's body after death
pictures and other written symbols that stand for ideas, things, or sounds
a king of ancient Egypt from 1292 to 1225 BC, known for great splendor and building monuments during his reign
Chief Wife of Akhenaten
king of ancient Egypt from about 1333 to 1323 BC; well known because the excavation of his tomb in 1922 provided new knowledge about Egyptian art and history
the step mother of Thutmose III; ruled Egypt as a regent and then as a pharaoh; achieved economic success, especially in trade
king of ancient Egypt from 1379-1362 BC; tried to impose monotheism, lost much of Egypt's territory; changed his name from Amenhotep
His face is believed to be the one on the Sphinx
an ancient tablet covered with Egyptian and Greek hieroglyphics; provided a key to understanding hieroglyphics
He discovered King Tutankhamen's (King Tut) royal tomb, Englishman and Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen
Made for King Djoser/Zoser by Imhotep made of 6 levels of mastabas
paid for the search for King Tut's tomb
Built the step pyramid
Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead
Queen Cleopatra VII
Macedonian Queen who ruled Egypt from 51 to 30 B.C.
Goddess of motherhood; the husband of Osiris
A reed that grows along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. From it was produced a coarse, paperlike writing medium used by the Egyptians and many other peoples in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East.
A scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky