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meaning "king"; characterized by practitioners as the royal path to relaxation; has 8 components
involves the use of recording devices to present visual or auditory tracking information to participants of their targeted internal physiological responses
field of study known as the scientific study of the interrelationships of physiological and cognitive processes; tied to biofeedback
transcendental meditation (TM)
form of mantra meditation originated by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi that removed what he considered the nonessential elements of yoga
hypo metabolic state
state characterized by reduced oxygen consumption; can be achieved during a typical 20-30 minute meditative session
clinically standardized meditation
meditation may be a fluid state of consciousness, partaking of qualities of both sleep and wakefulness, resembling they hypnogogic or 'falling asleep' state
six indicators of an altered state
time distortion, ineffability, present-centeredness, perceptual distortion, enhanced receptivity, and self-transcendence
theory that right hemisphere is more dominant during meditation; left hemisphere is the time keeper
regarding bodily sensations due to the way the right hemisphere processes sensory information
based on concept of systematic desensitization, suggests that mantra meditation induces a global desensitization of many disturbing thoughts and images
black out theory
suggests that mantra meditation restricts consciousness of our external world and in effect temporarily deletes it from our active neural circuitry
cerebral hemisphere balance theory
during our everyday activities, the left hemisphere is often dominant; during meditation, the right hemisphere plays a more dominant role
form of meditation that includes mantra meditation in which the strategy employed is to focus or concentrate on one stimulus
form of meditation in which attention is kept broader along a continuum of stimuli
utilizes any object of attention such that there is more flexibility in the object of awareness than there is in concentrative meditation
a mindfulness process of preventing the fusing or merging of the self with disturbing or stressful thoughts
mindfulness + commitment and behavior change; enables us to adapt to the demands of daily living more successful and hence to experience better health
loving kindness meditation therapy
found to improve satisfaction of marital relationships even in happy relationships
also known as relaxation response meditation; repetition of one word; beginners start with the word one
mediator disengages the analytical mind, suspends judgement and becomes a passive observes or the images
focus on the aspects of the self that are relevant to your aspirations and do so in a mindful way that suspends judgement
used as relief from tension-type headaches, migraines, pelvic disorders, essential hypertension and phantom limb pain
the use of cognitive strategies that increase the skin temperature of the hand; beneficial for migraines
blood-volume pulse feedback
biofeedback in which changes in the skin blood volume are measured with a noninvasive instrument called a photoelectric plethysmograph
raynaud's phenomenon (RP)
a painful condition triggered by cold exposure or emotional stress involving vasoconstriction of the arteries and arterioles of the fingers and toes; can use temperature biofeedback for a treatment
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