44 terms

social studies final study guide

Uncle Tom's Cabin
a novel published by harriet beecher stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral
The Civil War
Name the U.S war between the North and the South.
Start of the Civil War
End of the Civil War
13th Amendment
abolished slavery
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment
This amendment granted black men the right to vote.
Northerners who went to the South after the Civil War to profit financially from the confused and unsettled conditions
poll taxes
required voters to pay a sum of money before casting a ballot
literacy tests
Immigrants were required to pass a literacy test in order to gain citizenship.
grandfather clause
A citizen could vote only if his grandfather had been able to vote.
"separate but equal"
Principle upheld in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public facilities was legal.
transcontinental railroad
a railroad that connected the eastern United States to the western United States. The railroad firmly bonded the West Coast the Union, created a trade route to the far-east, and helped the western expansion
region known for barbed wire fences/sod houses
the south west
"Give me your tired, your poor...send these tempest-tost to me"
this comes from the message of the Statue of Liberty, and it is a welcoming message to immigrants letting them know that America is open to everyone
old immigrants
immigrants who had come to the US before the 1880s from Britain, Germany, Ireland, or Northern Europe
new immigrants
After 1880, most came from Southern and Eastern Europe. (Italy, Greece, Poland, etc.)
were new immigrants hated or accepted? why?
new immigrants were hated by hypocritical old immigrants because they were poor, uneducated, etc.
mass production
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
factories (and effect of population numbers)
place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
First federal action against monopolies. It's purpose was to stop one company that could gain too much control and form trusts
a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
Why did workers lose jobs in factories?
men lost their jobs in factories to children because children could work for longer hours with low pay and bad working conditions
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
Expose on the filthy conditions in the Chicago slaughterhouses. A bill was passed for meat inspection
Lewis Hine
famous photographer during the progressive area. He is the most well known for his haunting photographs of young workers in city slums during that time.
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.
Jacob Riis
pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived. 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890.
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Why was the Panama Canal built?
So ships didn't have to sail all the way around South America.
What is the Open Door Policy?
With China, it was part of a United States diplomatic attempt to ensure that China remain accessible at all times to outside commerce with all nations, free of restrictions. It ensured that the Chinese government remain in control and not let the foreign powers dictate economic policies.
What is the Spheres of Influence? and why?
A territorial area over which political or economic influence is held by one nation. it was used to spread an idea
What region was Roosevelt Corollary and Good Neighbor Policy used in?
It was to the Latin Countries
What was Theodore Roosevelt's "Big stick" policy?
it was his foreign policy
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence. We gained
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers. It was used for
Immediate cause of WW1
the assassination of Arche duke Ferdinand
Overarching causes of WW1
unrestricted use of submarine warfare (by who)
Which passenger ship was sunk
Why was the U.S. involved
Who was the president during WW1
Woodrow Wilson
Wilson's 14 points
Woodrow Wilson's plan for post-war peace: no secret treaties; freedom of the seas; removal of economic barriers; reduction of arms; adjust colonial claims
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations