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Uncle Tom's Cabin

a novel published by harriet beecher stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral

The Civil War

Name the U.S war between the North and the South.

Start of the Civil War


End of the Civil War


13th Amendment

abolished slavery

14th Amendment

Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws

15th Amendment

This amendment granted black men the right to vote.


Northerners who went to the South after the Civil War to profit financially from the confused and unsettled conditions

poll taxes

required voters to pay a sum of money before casting a ballot

literacy tests

Immigrants were required to pass a literacy test in order to gain citizenship.

grandfather clause

A citizen could vote only if his grandfather had been able to vote.

"separate but equal"

Principle upheld in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public facilities was legal.

transcontinental railroad

a railroad that connected the eastern United States to the western United States. The railroad firmly bonded the West Coast the Union, created a trade route to the far-east, and helped the western expansion

region known for barbed wire fences/sod houses

the south west

"Give me your tired, your poor...send these tempest-tost to me"

this comes from the message of the Statue of Liberty, and it is a welcoming message to immigrants letting them know that America is open to everyone

old immigrants

immigrants who had come to the US before the 1880s from Britain, Germany, Ireland, or Northern Europe

new immigrants

After 1880, most came from Southern and Eastern Europe. (Italy, Greece, Poland, etc.)

were new immigrants hated or accepted? why?

new immigrants were hated by hypocritical old immigrants because they were poor, uneducated, etc.

mass production

Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply

factories (and effect of population numbers)

place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods.

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

First federal action against monopolies. It's purpose was to stop one company that could gain too much control and form trusts


a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller

Why did workers lose jobs in factories?

men lost their jobs in factories to children because children could work for longer hours with low pay and bad working conditions


Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

Expose on the filthy conditions in the Chicago slaughterhouses. A bill was passed for meat inspection

Lewis Hine

famous photographer during the progressive area. He is the most well known for his haunting photographs of young workers in city slums during that time.

Ida Tarbell

A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.

Jacob Riis

pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived. 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890.


a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries

Why was the Panama Canal built?

So ships didn't have to sail all the way around South America.

What is the Open Door Policy?

With China, it was part of a United States diplomatic attempt to ensure that China remain accessible at all times to outside commerce with all nations, free of restrictions. It ensured that the Chinese government remain in control and not let the foreign powers dictate economic policies.

What is the Spheres of Influence? and why?

A territorial area over which political or economic influence is held by one nation. it was used to spread an idea

What region was Roosevelt Corollary and Good Neighbor Policy used in?

It was to the Latin Countries

What was Theodore Roosevelt's "Big stick" policy?

it was his foreign policy

Spanish American War

In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence. We gained

Yellow Journalism

Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers. It was used for

Immediate cause of WW1

the assassination of Arche duke Ferdinand

Overarching causes of WW1


unrestricted use of submarine warfare (by who)


Which passenger ship was sunk


Why was the U.S. involved


Who was the president during WW1

Woodrow Wilson

Wilson's 14 points

Woodrow Wilson's plan for post-war peace: no secret treaties; freedom of the seas; removal of economic barriers; reduction of arms; adjust colonial claims

League of Nations

an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations

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