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world history final garza
Terms in this set (94)
44. why did europeans want water routes to asia?
merchants believed that they would make larger profits if they found a sea route because it would be faster and they could trade more goods
45. what was the result of the opium war for china?
The idea and implementation of extraterritorial rights. This allowed Britain and other nations to trade easily.As well as the loss of Hong Kong
46. what effect did the protestant reformation have on monarchies?
because of the Reformation and the Age of Exploration, Europe experienced religious, economic, and political turmoil. To deal with these crises, European rulers increased their power. They claimed God gave them the right to do so.
47. why did native americans die after contact with europeans?
they lacked immunity to the europeans diseases
48. what did peter the great want for russia
he wanted to learn about europeans customs and manufacturing techniques. he also wanted to westernize it
49. what is nationalism?
belief that the people's loyalty should not be to a king or an empire but to a nation of people who share a common culture or history
50. what are the 3 major branches of christianity?
eastern orthodox, western roman catholicism, and protestantism.
51. what did machiavelli mean by "the end justifies the means"?
it puts emphasis of morality on the end results rather than the actions taken to achieve said results. It was an excuse to perform illega actions as long as it was the for the better good.
52. what are the reasons why England started the industrial revolution?
They had all of the resources that were needed for labor, and farming.
53. what are the ideas karl marx?
abolishing the idea of God
radical type of socialism called marxism
working class would take over
54. what did the bill of rights of england signed by william and mary do to the government of england?
This was created to make clear the limits of royal power, Parliament drafted a Bill of Rights in 1689. Under the English Bill of Rights a ruler couldn't levy taxes without a specific grant from Parliament .No interfering with freedom of speech in Parliament. No penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances
55. what happened in ireland after they got the potato blight?
their crops were ruined farmers could do nothing about it.
Even 150 years later, Ireland's population still has not recovered fully
56. what happened to the armenians in the ottomans empire.
Many other countries became independent; only the Armenians and Arabs were left.
57. why did the french people support napoleon
He provided stability after the Reign of Terror.
58. how were the borders established in africa during 1800's
they were based on territorial claims of colonial rulers
59. what is a holocaust
a mass slaughter of jews carried out by the nazi government before and during the world war 2
60. why did japan adopt imperialistic policies and why?
- to rid themselves of being colonized
61. why are the panama and suez canals important
greatest engineering accomplishments
opened a worldwide trade route between atlantic and pacific oceans. the seuz canal was a manmade waterway.
A ship canal in northeastern Egypt that connects the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea.
62. why would russia want warm water ports?
It would allow Russia to trade with the west year-round. and so it won't freeze
63. what is the meji period of japan about?
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
64. how did technology affect WW2?
they were used for new weaponry. like machine guns, airplanes, submarines, and tanks
65. who were the protestant reformation leaders?
Martin Luther and John Calvin,
66. what is the triangular trade? and and what goods traveled from place to place
A triangle shaped trading route that consisted of The Colonies, Europe, Africa, and The Indies. rum, iron, cloth, gunpowder, and weapons to Africa, Africa sent Slaves to The Indies and The Indies sent Sugar, Molasses and Slaves to the Colonies. Cotton, rice, sugar, tobacco, indigo, furs, lumber, silk, molasses and whale oil to England. England sent Cloth and Manufactured Goods to The Indies. The Indies sent Sugar, Molasses, and Slaves to the colonies.
67. what was the congress of vienna about?
An international conference (1814-15) held at Vienna after Napoleon's banishment to Elba, with Metternich as the dominant figure, aimed at territorial resettlement and restoration to power of the crowned heads of Europe.
68. what were the characteristics of the totalitarian government?
There is an official ideology to which general acceptance and obedience is demanded
There is a single mass party, hierarchically organized, closely interwoven with the government and typically led by one man
There is total control of the armed forces by the party
There is total control of means of effected mass communication by the party
There is a system of terroristic and often secret police control
There is central control over and direction of the entire economy by the party.
69. what are the ideas of democracy?
it is governed by the people. citizens elect representatives to make laws for them
70. what are characteristics of socialism?
Economy based on farming and export of natural resources.
Agriculture overlooked because focus on developing industry
Large bureaucracy, high taxes.
Distributes much of nation's wealth to poorer citizens
Economy of developing nations Nationalization of basic industries.
70 (cont). what are characteristics of communism?
Gov't owns all means of production
Gov't requires workers to meet a quota
Creates communes from private farms
71. what was the tokugawa shogunate like?
brought a welcome order to japan. paid attention to the people, never neglected them.
72. what is limited monarchy or constitutional monarchy
where laws limit the rulers power
73. what are characteristics of capitalism?
Freedom of choice
Allows for competition
74. during the late 1800's where were the areas of the world that were colonized by the europeans?
african areas. this was called european colonization
75. what economic system did the trading cities like venice, genoa, and hanseatic cities promote?
76. what is militarism?
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
77. why was it easy for the spanish to conquer the new world?
Spread of smallpox, which Europeans carried without effect on most. However Native Americans, never exposed to smallpox, did not have immunity to the disease.
78. what was the system of alliances in WW1?
defense agreement among nations
79. how did the incans and aztecs modify their geography suit their needs?
They built a system of roads that all led to Cuzco, used chasquis and had governors in specific areas
80. who is johannes gutenberg and what did he invent?
german blacksmith & printer.
the movable-type printing press
81. what are the ideas/characteristics of fascism?
militant political movement that emphasized the loyalty to the state and obedience to the leader.
5. Basic Principles
82. how was ww2 won in the pacific
United States Air Force dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
83. what is the heliocentric model of the universe? geocentric?
Sun at the center and all planets orbit around it, including the Earth.
geo: Earth is the center
of the "universe"
84. when was the d day division
june 6 1944
when did germany invade the soviet union
june 22, 1941
treaty of versailles signed date
june 28, 1919
japan invades china date
pearl harbor attacked date
december 7 1941
atomic bomb dropped on hiroshima date
august 6, 1945
german defeat in stalingrad date
february 2, 1943
german troops invade poland
september 17, 1939
characteristics of absolutism
large standing army
State is a reflection of king
during ww 2 what is appeasement
satisfying demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability
what was the slogan of the french revolution? russian revolution?
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
what is suffrage
the right to vote
what are characteristics of laissez faire capitalism
-an economic policy that advocates government staying out of the business sector
what are goals of catholic reformation
to stop the spread of heresy
what are ideas of enlightenment
understand aspects of life
create a better method of society
what were the results of the encounter between the native americans and europeans
the europeans brought over diseases. they also forced the native americans to work
explain the spheres of influence on china and when did it happen
began in 19th century.
area around the port city where a certain country had certain trading routes
what is theory of divine right
The right of the king to rule was given to him by God
significance of d day in ww2?
turning point in the war; day of invasion of Normandy - June 6, 1944; over 9,000 soldiers died
what was the colombian exchange
The unintentional exchange of plants, animals, diseases, technologies between the New and Old worlds
causes of ww1?
assassination of archduke franz ferdinand
which two european countries began the age of exploration
portugal and spain
what was the treaty of versailles how did it treat the germans
In June 1919, the peacemakers summoned representatives of the new German Republic to the palace of Versailles outside Paris. The Germans were ordered to sign the treaty drawn up by Allies. German reparations would come to over $30 billion dollars. They were forced to assume full responsibility for causing the war.
what is the white mans burden
the idea that Europeans have a duty/responsibility to help uncivilized nations
what is social darwinism about why was it used
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
used to raise and improve the human race. used to justify the injustices and inequalities.
why did japan follow a policy of imperialism after ww1
to obtain natural resources and manufacturing
what were the ideas of martin luther
The Bible is the sole religious authority
Everybody can read the Bible t
Primacy of the Bible --> all that counts is what you read in the Bible ...
The invisible church: Luther said the real church is in the hearts and minds of all believers
what are the similarities between the french revolution and russian revolution
overthrowing of weak leaders, large debts from war
what is the scientific revolution about
A major shift in thinking between 1500 and 1700 in which modern science emerged as a new way of gaining knowledge about the natural world
what is cultural diffusion.
how cultures move from one place to another
The spread of ideas, innovations, etc. from one person or group to another
what was the reign of terror during the french revolution
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when approximately 40,000 people were executed
in which rebels of the government regulations were executed in large numbers. This dictatorial rule of the government had people killed with unfair trials.
how did the crusades contribute to the discovery of the new world?
led to trading of goods for wealth
what are characteristics of market economy
completely dependent on an efficient market in which to sell goods and services. In an efficient market, all buyers and sellers have equal access, and the same information upon which to base their decisions. Prices rise and fall freely depending purely on the laws of supply and demand.
describe glorious revolution of england?
it was in 1688 when William of Orange and Mary his wife, were asked to overthrow James II for the sake of protestantism, when Will came with his Army and James fled, thus being bloodless and fast, it was called the Glorious Revolution
characteristics of renaissance
a period, meaning rebirth, of European history that bean in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe
characteristics of fascism
ideas of john locke
A philosopher who believed that all men were created equal: natural rights.
ideas of montesquieu
Enlightenment thinker who developed the idea of having three distinct branches of government.
ideas of rousseau
agreement among free individuals to create a government that responds to people's will = consent of the governed
ideas of voltaire
favor of tolerance, freedom of religion, and free speech
against French government and Christianity
life for workers in the industrial revolution
The life of a worker during the Industrial Revolution was having to deal work 6 day a week and long hour for only getting 1.25$ for a unskilled worker 3$ for being skilled. But the condition were as well bad with dealing with injuries or even leading to death.
what were some of the reforms that great britain did to correct the social problems of the industrial revolution
Separating church and state
What did the sepoy rebellion and the boxer rebellion have in common
Resentment of foreigners
what are primary resources? secondary resources?
a document or other record of past events created by someone who was present during the events or the time period in which they occurred
a document or other record of past events created by someone who was NOT present during the events or the time period in which they occurred
EX: Rumors from rats
what innovation had the greatest impact on the protestant revolution?
moveable-type printing press
what were the 3 estates of france before the french revolution
They consisted of the Roman Catholic Clergy; they received special privileges and paid no direct taxes
They consisted of the Nobles; they received special privileges and paid no direct taxes to the king
I'm They consisted of the bourgeoisie, the san-culottes and the peasants; they paid high taxes and had no special privileges
what were the causes of the french revolution?
Government, financial problems, and people wanted a democratic forum
after ww2, what was national self determination?
the right of a people or a nation to decide on its own political allegiance or form of government without exertnal influence
how did russias geography affect napoleans and hitler invasions
Napoleon: The simple size of the country meant for long marches. The winters were brutal.
Hitler: Partly because of the harsh winter
exaplain what happened to spain in its golden age
he period of Spanish literature extending from the early 16th century to the late 17th century, generally considered the high point in Spain's literary history. The concept century or golden age denotes a period of Spanish literature that encompasses two centuries and two very distinct stages: Renaissance (sixteenth century) and Baroque (seventeenth century).
what were the causes of ww1
Alliance, imperialism, militarism, assassinations, and nationalism.
what led to the rise of the dictators of europe in the 1920s-1930's
economic dislocations following World War I
what was the scramble for africa
Sudden wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880s and 1890s. Britain obtained most of eastern Africa, France most of northwestern Africa. Other countries (Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, and Spain) acquired lesser amounts.
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