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APES CH 16 Review
Terms in this set (22)
which played an important role in the development of the "throw-away" society?
the shift in manufacturing to developing nations
on average, how much municipal solid waste is generated per person each day in the united states?
the material that makes up the highest proportion of MSW is
paper and paperboard
is more expensive to recycle than to put in a landfill
approximately how much MSW is recovered before it enters a landfill or incinerator?
the correct order of the three Rs is
reduce, reuse, recycle
which is NOT a form of source reduction?
substituting nontoxic material for something toxic
which material usually uses closed-loop recycling?
organic matter in landfills is a problem primarily because
it produces methane gas
for composting to work effectively, the compost
must be mixed
which material, when placed in a landfill, is most likely to cause problems as a result of leaching?
a 500 squared m landfill experiences 150 mm of rain each year and 60 percent of the rain is runoff. if the landfill has a 90 percent effective leachate system, how much leachate escapes each year?
5 m ^3
incineration of waste is primarily used
to reduce waste volume and mass
an attitude about the placement of landfills
which is NOT a detriment of waste incineration compared with landfills?
increased space taken up by solid waste
includes many household items such as certain paint and oils
which legislation calls for listing hazardous waste to use in cradle-to-grave tracking?
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
the Brownsfields Program
is managed primarily by state and local governments
why might hazardous waste disposal in the United States be an international issue?
the United States continues to dump its hazardous waste into oceans
considers only the environmental costs associated with an object from extraction of materials to disposal
integrated waste management
focuses on recycling waste
which is NOT part of the cradle to cradle concept proposed by William McDonough?
increased use of composite materials