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Quest For The Living God
Terms in this set (90)
the fundamental relationship between the one who has faith and irreductible (not able to be replaced) energizing source of meaning and center of value in one life, the center of life.
What religions say that their people have always sought to experience the Holy?
Jews, Christians and Muslims
The three factors why we search for God
1. God is incomprehensible and beyond description, he cannot be compared to anyone "if you have understood, it is not God."(PG 13)
2. human heart is insatiable, impossible to satisfy since we always want more and are seeking the transcendent dimension of life.
3. Perceptions, values, and lifestyles change as we move in the future, we have a need to keep it updated, alive and vibrant
Ground rules for the journey of God
1. The reality of God is an ineffable(cant be put in words) mystery and beyond telling
2. No expression for God can be taken literally, no similarities or dissimilarities , he is always greater
3. God has many names. "religions die when lights fail" (PG22)
2 characteristics of God
1. transcended- over, above, and different than us.
2. Immanent- God is present with us
What do all religions see God as?
God as love
What religions see God as transcended but not as Jesus?
Judaism and Islam
Modern understandings of God
4 misunderstandings of faith
1. Rationalist- people who are rational see faith, not the same as belief. Focus on ability to reason but that can only go so far with faith.
2. Morality- faith affects morality. faith is hope and future, morality is not.
3. Feelings- feelings don't include factors of faith. Emotions may not be chosen rationally since we have an act of will and sometimes the presents of God isn't always with us. "faith is an unearned gift from God"
4. Being religious- there is faith without religion. Its what we choose EX nazi, science. The church doesn't reject science.
Describes our faith in our modern culture since we live in a secular world and cant always find spirit, describe a living God who provides warmth and sustenance in winter.
3 elements that influence spirit
1. Rapid scientific advancements and discoveries (space, gas technology)
2. Political- democratic influences and presidents.
3. Intellectual- Philosophers and writers that give opinions of God
Rahner Starting with the human:
The human spirit is driven towards transcendence, to reach beyond ourselves. We might picture ourselves surrounded by something like a horizon, a horizon that encircles our lives even though we can never reach it. In Rahner's metaphor, the surrounding horizon is the infinite holy God.
Rahner The whither of our self-transcendence
This God is "holy mystery," so radically different that we will never fully understand it. But even though we cannot grasp the mystery - "present yet ever distant" - the mystery can grasp us.
Mystery ever nearer
This holy mystery touches us through incarnation and through grace.
In God's self-communication through Jesus Christ, we see a God of prodigal love.
in Christ, the horizon approaches us and bids us approach it, enfolding us in an ultimate and radical love. Grace is the animating force of all human history, the Spirit of God dwelling at the heart of our existence.
Rahner believes there is only one mystery in Christian faith and that is ___
God's own being as self-giving love. This love, which will endure forever, nourishes and warms the spirit in the winter season. He dwells within and around the whole creation, while we don't know the outcome of our own lives, we can still have confidence of God. Faith becomes an act of courage; we can dare to hope.
Jesus as God
As knowledge of the Holocaust spread, Christian theologians began to ask two questions:
Why had so few Christians resisted the evils of fascism and anti-Semitism? And, where was God in all this suffering?
The 3 German theologians and Jewish scholars that addressed the problem of suffering
~Jurgen Moltmann said that theology needed to speak of God in light of the Cross, on which Jesus himself was abandoned and crucified. Why so much evil?
~Dorothee Soelle How can God be so powerful but not do anything? we can know God's love when we become a part of it.
~Johann Baptist Metz said that God is good and the world is orderly, apathy, ignorance, and neglecting is the worst sin.
2 steps to experience God
1. remember life and death resource in with humans
2. lamenting(sorrow) to God what was experiencing God
not meaning a theology connected to politics, but a theology that is concerned with the city, about the public good of massive numbers of people. They pointed to a different way to experience the presence of God: joining with those who suffer, and protesting against the evil in the world
The God of Pathos
Jewish religious scholar Abraham Heschel wrote that the Hebrew prophets (such as Isaiah and Jeremiah) knew God's heart to be filled with pathos - sharing the emotions of human beings, loving, caring, rejoicing, getting angry, weeping, grieving, involve ourselves in the struggles of others.
Jurgen Moltmann argument on The crucified God
God's very essence is self-giving love; the cross demonstrates that God is deeply involved in human suffering. Out of the fullness of love, God freely chooses to suffer with us. In fact, the cross plunges God deeply into the suffering of the world, and opens a reverse pathway on which suffering travels back into God, where it can be redeemed by God's love.
Dorothee Soelle though about God
This is power as love - power that flows through relationships, power that brings healing and reconciliation and compassion.
Johann Baptist Metz thought about God
Thought even the idea of the suffering God cannot help us, because there is no idea or symbol that can really explain suffering. Instead, there is only remembering and lamenting unto God.
We remember the cross of Jesus in solidarity with all the dead, and with the living who are suffering today. Since the crucified Christ has risen, remembering gives hope for the future to all who suffer
Keeping the dangerous memory of the crucified and risen Jesus - in solidarity with the suffering and the dead - is a compassionate and hopeful Christian spirituality.
Moltmann, Soelle, Metz and others concluded
There is no satisfying answer to the mystery of suffering, but we can find the light of divine presence even in the darkness of our suffering. Peace and justice will come in eternal life
Started in Brazil and quickly spread through Latin America, people began to gather into small groups and discussed the Scriptures, the poor began to learn that God loves them, too.
The Hebrew Bible
Liberation theology takes a major cue from the Exodus, where the Hebrews' God acted contrary to the way other gods acted (allying themselves with kings) because God's heart is set on justice for the oppressed.
The New Testament
As in the Exodus, Jesus' suffering and death reveal that God is with the outcast; Jesus' resurrection is not only a victory of God's power over death, but also over injustice.
The true God against idols
The central question is not whether God exists, but how to believe in God in the midst of inhuman suffering. God who approves harsh punishment of the poor, and teaches passive resignation to evil, is not the true and living God but an idol imposed by dominant groups in society and church.
The God of holy mystery
Karl Rahner and other 20th century theologians noted human yearning for the transcendent, seeking the mystery of God is not just an intellectual process, but a practical way of life
Archbishop Oscar Romero took the famous proverb of Irenaeus which is____
"the glory of God is the human being fully alive," and changed it to: "the glory of God is the poor person fully alive." God frees the captives and poor.
practical application,piece together
John Paul II said liberation theology represents a _____
New Stage in the long evolution of theological reflection , believes that God's saving grace applies also to this world.
Women were ____ as the church began to organize itself
3 neg effects naming god with man
1. Gets taken literally
2. Has social effects
3. Belief that maleness has more in common with God, Woman less like God.
Feminist theology refers to ____
theology being done by white American women of Anglo-European descent.
Black women in the U.S., who have been repressed not only because of sex but race, they are courageous.
Today's feminist theologies argue _____
the mystery of God cannot be confined to any set of images, but transcends them all. He is a woman too they use female metaphors for God.
Metaphors for God
Mother God, Holy Wisdom, A symphony of symbols
~Phyllis Trible notes how mothers protect and nourish without possessing or controlling.
~Sallie McFague observes that a mother gives the gift of life to others, nurtures what comes into existence, and passionately wants her young to grow, flourish, and be fulfilled.
~And Elizabeth Johnson herself adds, A mother's strong instinct to care for her most needy child also expresses God's preferential option for the poor.
female figure of gracious power and might who creates, redeems, and sanctifies; she is called Sophia (wisdom). Language about Sophia uses female imagery to describe the unfathomable mystery of the living God.
A symphony of symbols
The Spirit of God (breath, wind, spirit) is often depicted in Christian art as a dove, an ancient symbol for the goddess of love. Jesus' parable of the woman who sweeps her house until she finds her missing coin. Today women are exploring the mystery of the divine, searching for new expressions of religious language and new patterns of spirituality that bless - rather than demean - the reality of being female.
When women are silenced and devalued in the church, this image of God encourages women to
Speak up and challenge people of faith to transform society into a place where discrimination, exclusion and violence against women and girls will cease.
The image of God who acts womanish
outrageous, audacious, courageous
slaves heard the Bible's stories, they learned that Jesus sets people free and that God liberates the oppressed. This understanding gave them courage to struggle for freedom. but slavemasters where against it, "slaves obey their masters"
Paul uses the story of Sarah had a kid treated slaves bad issac son. and Hagar ishmael son to illustrate the results of two different covenants: the New Covenant, based on grace; and the Old Covenant, based on the Law. In Paul's analogy, believers in Christ are like the child born of Sarah—free, the result of God's promise. Those who try to earn their salvation by their own works are like the child born of Hagar—a slave, the result of human effort.
"God who breaks chains" is reflected in music, which helped make sense of ____
suffering, conveyed the idea that freedom is coming.
Black Theology tradition teaches slaves that God ____
always takes the side of those who suffer, and that God is never color-blind, helped to image God as black, and Jesus as black, enables African-Americans to celebrate God's image in their own blackness.
The story of Hagar (Abraham's servant) demonstrates that God is both ____
liberator and sustainer in the wilderness, depending on the circumstances.
Womanists do not see themselves as servants of Christ but disciples of Christ meaning that
sent and equipped by God for ministry.
New colonization in Mexico and U.S and religions clashing resulted in ____
led to oppression of woman and domination, poverty and even death.
The Latino people see God as
Lo cotidiano, the God who walks beside us. believed that God is found in the community, not just in buildings or worship services.
Liberation theology, which urges a call to fight against ____
Latino theology emphasizes the faith held by the ____
The Virgen de Guadalupe (Virgin Mary) is a symbol of
Divine love present in the Latino world. (Perhaps she is also la codidiana, a visible sign of the Holy Spirit).
God is found in ___
Virgilio Elizondo identifies three principles of Latino theology
1. The Galilee principle
2. The Jerusalem principle
3. The Resurrection principle
The Galilee principle
What humans reject, God chooses them and the people who reject God
The Jerusalem principle
God calls the rejected to confront the powers of this world
The Resurrection principle
God will bring life out of suffering
God of Fiesta and beauty reflects the presence of the divine, to be human and a child of God is to celebrate in ____
art, music and dance.
Religious traditions are bumping into each other as never before in history, people of all faiths are asking ___
How can we be faithful to our own beliefs while making space for others?
5 steps to organize religion and sense of theology
1. God is initiative is to make an organized sense of theology
2. The human response of faith to see God as a prayer to overcome oppression and seek help
3. The expression of their belief in symbols, stories, hymns, and music
4. The expression of faith in rituals and ethics. (HAGER- in blacks the right and wrong)
5. The communal dimension of structure authority, slave owners and hispanics coming as a community
Response to how can we be faithful to our own beliefs while making space for others?
Fundamentalists & relativists
Believe all other faiths are in error, an invisible presence
say it doesn't matter which religion people choose
Is seeking to engage different religions with critical respect. Allows a glimpse of God
Pope John Paul says religions can be saved by___
Roman Catholic church has debated three questions in response to religious pluralism.
1. Can non-Christians be saved?
2.Do non-Christian religions have a role in God's plan for salvation?
3.What about Jesus?
Can non-Christians be saved?
Vatican II concluded that God's mercy reaches wide beyond Christian word and sacrament.
Do non-Christian religions have a role in God's plan for salvation?
'yes', John Paul II said that "God makes himself present not only to individuals, but also to entire peoples through their spiritual riches...;" but all religions are meant to reach their true fulfillment in the church of Jesus Christ
What about Jesus?
Asian Catholics have a positive assessment of other religions, seeing them as part of God's plan of salvation. BUT this statement evoked a torrent of criticism, with almost all critics noting that Dominus Iesus showed no knowledge of other religions gained from dialogue with other religions. If those other religions do have some elements that "come from God," don't we insult God's way of acting in the world when we call them "gravely deficient"?
Asian bishops teach about four types of dialogue, each essential to the mission of the church.
1.The dialogue of life
2. The dialogue of action
3.The dialogue of theological exchange
4.The dialogue of religious experience
The dialogue of life
This dialogue takes place wherever people of different faiths live and work side by side in friendly relationships.
The dialogue of action
This dialogue takes place in the common struggle of all people to better their lives. The harsh realities of poverty, along with the exploitation of natural resources, makes these people want to work together for change.
The dialogue of theological exchange
This dialogue occurs when theologians, monastics, and pastoral leaders speak face to face about reality and religions.
The dialogue of religious experience
Prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, community rituals, and individual devotions of all kinds characterize religious traditions. The dialogue of religious experience takes place when people share their spiritual practices with others - not only praying side by side, but also experiencing the spiritual practices of other religious traditions.
Theologian Jacques Dupuis argues
if there is only one God then there is only one plan by which God will bring all people to salvation.
How God shows himself to us
Jesus Christ, Sacrament, The reign of God
Promising way forward is to see Jesus as the incarnate Word, crucified and risen and washes the feet of humans around the world, this is the way Christ comes into the world
The reign of God
at the center of Jesus' preaching, the 'kingdom of God' points to God's will being done on earth as in heaven.
through concrete things, people become conscious of divine presence; and Jesus Christ himself is the great sacrament of this two-way encounter with the divine.
Understanding Jesus Christ as the sacrament of God's saving will - interpreting Jesus' universal significance in the light of his preaching the reign of God - makes a more generous view possible.
One multifaceted plan
God's overflowing love extended to all.
Rabbi Jonathan Sacks suggests that ____
it would be like being secure in our own home, yet still moved by the beauty of foreign places - knowing that they are someone else's home, but that they are still part of the glory of God's world.
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