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45 terms

Chapter 4

Tissue: The Living Fabric
STUDY
PLAY
Supports and protects; stores calcium
Osseous (bone) tissue
Forms tendons and ligaments
Connective
Supports and protects; insulates against heat loss; reserve source of fuel
Adipose
Provides tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock
Cartilage
Structural support of the external ear and other structures
Elastic cartilage
Forms much of the fetal skeleton and covers the articular surfaces
Hyaline cartilage
Embryonic connective tissue that arises from mesoderm and produces all types of connective tissues
Mesenchyme
Source of new cells in mature connective tissue
Mesenchyme
Forms internal supporting framework of soft organs such as the spleen
Reticular tissue
Which of the following is not found in the matrix of cartilage but is in bone
Blood vessels
The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength to absorb shock is because they possess
Collagen fibers
What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels
Osseous tissue
How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic or fibrocartilage
Fibers are not normally visible
Epithelial tissue
Has a basement membrane
Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelium
Microvilli
What feature characterizes simple columnar epithelium of the digestive tract
Dense microvilli
Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
Lines the respiratory tract
Which statement best describes connective tissue
Usually lines a body cavity
Matrix is composed of
Fibers and ground substance
Cell types likely to be seen in areolar connective tissue include all except
Chondrocytes
The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is
Collagen
Organized groups of cells (plus their intercellular substances) that have a common purpose form a(n)
Tissue
The shape of the external ear is maintained by
Elastic cartilage
Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which tissue
Simple columnar
Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as
Endocrine
Which of the following is true about epithelia
Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs
Chondroblasts
Within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix
__________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane
Pseudostratified columnar
A multilayered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as
Stratified squamous
Multicellular exocrine glands, can be classified
Functionally into merocrine, holocrine, and apocrine divisions
Which of these is not considered connective tissue
Muscle
What are glycosaminoglycans
Negatively charged polysaccharides
The first step in tissue repair involves
Inflammation
Select the correct statement regarding multicellular exocrine glands
the secretory cells of holocrine glands release their product by rupturing
What are the three main components of connective tissue
Ground substance, fibers, and cells
Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue
Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength
Select the correct statement regarding the cells of connective tissue
Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper
Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair
Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable
Select the correct statement regarding epithelia
Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important
Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue
Its primary function is nutrient storage
Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells
Goblet cells
Select the correct statement regarding factors that affect the tissue repair process
The age of the person is a factor in the repair process
Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in __________ connective tissue
Embryonic
Keloid scar tissue
Primary - granulation layer
Secondary -
Function of cells in tissue repair
Inflammation
Granulation
Organization