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Semester 2 Final RUSH

STUDY
PLAY
militarism
development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy
Lusitania
British ship that was sunk by German U-boats with American troops on-board
Selective Service Act
Forced men to be enlisted in the military
Conscientious objector
People who were against war morally
War Industries Board
Made industries save materials so they could be used in war and used mass production methods
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Forced men to go to war if drafted, or a huge punishment was to be made
Great Migration
Migration of African Americans from the south to the north because of WWI
14 Points
Points drawn by Wilson that were the solution for peace after WWI
Treaty of Versailles
Stated that Germany could only have a limited sized military, had to pay for the damages, and that they were the cause of the war.
League of Nations
Wanted to discuss conflicts before going to war
A. Mitchel Palmer
Took on the "Red Scare"
Anarchists
against any type of government
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italians who were accused of being spies and were executed for it
KKK
group that was extremely racist and violent against people who weren't like them
Kellogg-Briand Pact
said that war was good for nothing
Isolationist
people who didn't want to have to do with anything with foreign countries
Quota system
put a limit on immigration in the US
Warren G. Harding
...
Ohio Gang
Harding's political supporters in his cabinet
Teapot Dome Scandal
Albert Fall secretly gave oil and land to companies and in return got more money and land
Urban Sprawl
spreading of people in cities
Installment Plan
allowed people to buy things over time without putting a lot of down payment
Speakeasies
Hidden saloons
Bootleggers
People who smuggled alcohol
Scopes Trial
Fight over evolution and role of science in public schools
Al Capone
Gangster who made his money of bootlegging
Flapper
Hipster girl who wore all the new clothing
Double Standard
Idea of men having more sexual freedom than women etc.
Charles Lindbergh
First man to fly across the Atlantic non-stop
Ernest Hemingway
WWI veteran who became a famous writer
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican who believed that African American's should have their own society
Harlem Renaissance
African American cultural movement
Langston Hughes
Famous poet
Bessie Smith
Famous blues singer
Price supports
support from the government to stabilize a pricing that they agree with
Speculation
people who bought stocks without knowing the actual risk
Buying on margin
people who bought a percent of the stock and borrowed the rest
Black Tuesday
October 29, stock market crashes
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Meter that determines what the status is for the economy
Shanty Town
town made of sheds (poor people)
Direct Relief
Cash or food payments giving directly from the government to the needy
Herbert Hoover
President during the Great Depression who tried to calm citizens about the economy deficit
Bonus Army
WWI veterans who were made because they weren't getting paid for their service in the war
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President during the Great Depression and posed the New Deal
New Deal
plan by FDR to help the needy, economic repair, and financial reform
Civilian Conservation Core (CCC)
Men from 18 - 25 got jobs by building railroads and planting trees
Eleanor Roosevelt
FDR's wife who really helped the poor
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Aimed to quickly make jobs with construction of new schools and hospitals etc.
Wagner Act
Protected workers rights and said what was "unfair"
Social Security
Gave retired people a pension
Francis Perkins
First woman in the cabinet
Orson Welles
Radio talk show host "War of the Worlds" ("Ohh! The humanity!)
Federal Writer's Project (FWP)
Government hired group that was tasked to record the lives of the poor
Deficit Spending
spending more than earning
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Protected peoples banking accounts
Totalitarian
Person who believed in all power for one person
Neutrality Acts
Wanted to keep the US out of future wars
Appeasement
Giving up power to another bad country to keep peace
Nonaggression Pact
Germany signed this promising not to attack the Soviets
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Lend-Lease
Allowed the US to lend arms to Europe
Allies
Everyone except Axis Powers including Russia
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)
Allowed woman to volunteer to help during the war
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
Froze prices to prevent inflation
War Production Board (WPB)
Determined what factories to go from normal to war mode
Chester Nimitz
Naval Force leader for the US
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Build the atomic bomb
Manhattan Project
A-bomb
Nuremberg Trials
Trial on Hitler's most trusted people
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Confronted urban segregation
GI Bill of Rights
Provided education and training for veterans
Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
Helped the Japanese people who were stuck in internment camps for the wrong reasons
Containment
Effort to stop the spread of the Soviets in communism
Marshall Plan
Gave a bunch of money to the Allies
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
One attack meant attack on all of the countries
38th Parallel
Split Korea in half
House Committee of Un-American Activities (HUAC)
searched disloyalty before WWII
Hollywood Ten
Ten men who opposed to answer questions about being communist
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
Family denied charges and were executed for it because they were claimed to be connected to telling the Russian about the A-bomb
Joseph McCarthy
Republican who was extremely active in getting rid of communists in the US
McCarthyism
Attacks on suspected people who were communist
H-Bomb
Hydrogen Bomb
Brinkmanship
Countries that were ready to blow each other up
Warsaw Pact
Alliance between the Soviets and the Eastern Europe satellite nations
Nikita Kruschev
Head of the Soviet Communist Party, publicly criticized Stalin
U-2 Incident
U-2 Plane that was shot down by the Soviets and the US took it as an act of war
GI Bill of Rights
Guaranteed them a year's unemployment benefits while they looked for jobs
Harry S. Truman
President who took after FDR's death, dealt with a lot and especially a lot of strikes.
Franchise
Company that offers similar products or services in many locations
Baby boom
Explosion in population during 1945-1964
Consumerism
Purchasing of material goods
Planned obsolescence
Planned products to get old quickly, so that buyers would want to replace them quickly
Beatniks
People who followed the beat movement
Election 1960
First televised debate ever between Nixon and JFK. JFK wins because he looks better on TV
Flexible Response
JFK wanted to be flexible with weaponry
Bay of Pigs
Failed invasion into Cuba
Berlin Crises
People in East Germany fled to the West because their government failed them
Berlin Wall
Wall that split between the East and West
Limited Test Ban Treaty
Banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere
New Frontier
Kennedy's idea of helping the US economically with insurance, and expanding the Space program
Peace Corps
Volunteer assistance to the developing nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America
Warren Commission
Group that investigated the assassination of JFK
Lyndon B. Johnson
President who started out liked, but after Vietnam, unliked because he went against what he said
The Great Society
LBJ's program to help the needy and help fight against racial injustices to help the quality of American's lives
Warren Court
Banned prayer in public school sand declared state-required loyalty oaths unconstitutional
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Purpose was to carry on nonviolent crusades against the evils of second-class citizenship. Used churches as bases, and planned to stage in the South
Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee (SNCC)
Students who wanted to fight for basic civil rights started in Shaw University
Freedom Riders
Civil rights activists who rode buses in protest in the South
Birmingham, Alabama
Had the worst segregation and racial violence with 18 bombings.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin and gender
Freedom Summer
Project to register African American voters
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Eliminated the literacy test
De facto and de jure segregation
Facto = exists by custom and practice. Jure = segregation by law
Malcolm X
Civil rights activist who was pro-violent and played a big role in the civil rights movement
Stokely Carmichael
Used black power as his slogan
Kerner Commission
Studied the cause of racism, found that white people were the cause
Civil Rights act of 1968
Banned discrimination in housing
Affirmative Action
Made special efforts to hire or enroll groups that have suffered from discrimination