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development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy


British ship that was sunk by German U-boats with American troops on-board

Selective Service Act

Forced men to be enlisted in the military

Conscientious objector

People who were against war morally

War Industries Board

Made industries save materials so they could be used in war and used mass production methods

Espionage and Sedition Acts

Forced men to go to war if drafted, or a huge punishment was to be made

Great Migration

Migration of African Americans from the south to the north because of WWI

14 Points

Points drawn by Wilson that were the solution for peace after WWI

Treaty of Versailles

Stated that Germany could only have a limited sized military, had to pay for the damages, and that they were the cause of the war.

League of Nations

Wanted to discuss conflicts before going to war

A. Mitchel Palmer

Took on the "Red Scare"


against any type of government

Sacco and Vanzetti

Two Italians who were accused of being spies and were executed for it


group that was extremely racist and violent against people who weren't like them

Kellogg-Briand Pact

said that war was good for nothing


people who didn't want to have to do with anything with foreign countries

Quota system

put a limit on immigration in the US

Warren G. Harding


Ohio Gang

Harding's political supporters in his cabinet

Teapot Dome Scandal

Albert Fall secretly gave oil and land to companies and in return got more money and land

Urban Sprawl

spreading of people in cities

Installment Plan

allowed people to buy things over time without putting a lot of down payment


Hidden saloons


People who smuggled alcohol

Scopes Trial

Fight over evolution and role of science in public schools

Al Capone

Gangster who made his money of bootlegging


Hipster girl who wore all the new clothing

Double Standard

Idea of men having more sexual freedom than women etc.

Charles Lindbergh

First man to fly across the Atlantic non-stop

Ernest Hemingway

WWI veteran who became a famous writer

Marcus Garvey

Jamaican who believed that African American's should have their own society

Harlem Renaissance

African American cultural movement

Langston Hughes

Famous poet

Bessie Smith

Famous blues singer

Price supports

support from the government to stabilize a pricing that they agree with


people who bought stocks without knowing the actual risk

Buying on margin

people who bought a percent of the stock and borrowed the rest

Black Tuesday

October 29, stock market crashes

Dow Jones Industrial Average

Meter that determines what the status is for the economy

Shanty Town

town made of sheds (poor people)

Direct Relief

Cash or food payments giving directly from the government to the needy

Herbert Hoover

President during the Great Depression who tried to calm citizens about the economy deficit

Bonus Army

WWI veterans who were made because they weren't getting paid for their service in the war

Franklin D. Roosevelt

President during the Great Depression and posed the New Deal

New Deal

plan by FDR to help the needy, economic repair, and financial reform

Civilian Conservation Core (CCC)

Men from 18 - 25 got jobs by building railroads and planting trees

Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR's wife who really helped the poor

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

Aimed to quickly make jobs with construction of new schools and hospitals etc.

Wagner Act

Protected workers rights and said what was "unfair"

Social Security

Gave retired people a pension

Francis Perkins

First woman in the cabinet

Orson Welles

Radio talk show host "War of the Worlds" ("Ohh! The humanity!)

Federal Writer's Project (FWP)

Government hired group that was tasked to record the lives of the poor

Deficit Spending

spending more than earning

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Protected peoples banking accounts


Person who believed in all power for one person

Neutrality Acts

Wanted to keep the US out of future wars


Giving up power to another bad country to keep peace

Nonaggression Pact

Germany signed this promising not to attack the Soviets

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan


Allowed the US to lend arms to Europe


Everyone except Axis Powers including Russia

Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)

Allowed woman to volunteer to help during the war

Office of Price Administration (OPA)

Froze prices to prevent inflation

War Production Board (WPB)

Determined what factories to go from normal to war mode

Chester Nimitz

Naval Force leader for the US

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Build the atomic bomb

Manhattan Project


Nuremberg Trials

Trial on Hitler's most trusted people

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

Confronted urban segregation

GI Bill of Rights

Provided education and training for veterans

Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)

Helped the Japanese people who were stuck in internment camps for the wrong reasons


Effort to stop the spread of the Soviets in communism

Marshall Plan

Gave a bunch of money to the Allies

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

One attack meant attack on all of the countries

38th Parallel

Split Korea in half

House Committee of Un-American Activities (HUAC)

searched disloyalty before WWII

Hollywood Ten

Ten men who opposed to answer questions about being communist

Ethel and Julius Rosenberg

Family denied charges and were executed for it because they were claimed to be connected to telling the Russian about the A-bomb

Joseph McCarthy

Republican who was extremely active in getting rid of communists in the US


Attacks on suspected people who were communist


Hydrogen Bomb


Countries that were ready to blow each other up

Warsaw Pact

Alliance between the Soviets and the Eastern Europe satellite nations

Nikita Kruschev

Head of the Soviet Communist Party, publicly criticized Stalin

U-2 Incident

U-2 Plane that was shot down by the Soviets and the US took it as an act of war

GI Bill of Rights

Guaranteed them a year's unemployment benefits while they looked for jobs

Harry S. Truman

President who took after FDR's death, dealt with a lot and especially a lot of strikes.


Company that offers similar products or services in many locations

Baby boom

Explosion in population during 1945-1964


Purchasing of material goods

Planned obsolescence

Planned products to get old quickly, so that buyers would want to replace them quickly


People who followed the beat movement

Election 1960

First televised debate ever between Nixon and JFK. JFK wins because he looks better on TV

Flexible Response

JFK wanted to be flexible with weaponry

Bay of Pigs

Failed invasion into Cuba

Berlin Crises

People in East Germany fled to the West because their government failed them

Berlin Wall

Wall that split between the East and West

Limited Test Ban Treaty

Banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere

New Frontier

Kennedy's idea of helping the US economically with insurance, and expanding the Space program

Peace Corps

Volunteer assistance to the developing nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America

Warren Commission

Group that investigated the assassination of JFK

Lyndon B. Johnson

President who started out liked, but after Vietnam, unliked because he went against what he said

The Great Society

LBJ's program to help the needy and help fight against racial injustices to help the quality of American's lives

Warren Court

Banned prayer in public school sand declared state-required loyalty oaths unconstitutional

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Purpose was to carry on nonviolent crusades against the evils of second-class citizenship. Used churches as bases, and planned to stage in the South

Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee (SNCC)

Students who wanted to fight for basic civil rights started in Shaw University

Freedom Riders

Civil rights activists who rode buses in protest in the South

Birmingham, Alabama

Had the worst segregation and racial violence with 18 bombings.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin and gender

Freedom Summer

Project to register African American voters

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Eliminated the literacy test

De facto and de jure segregation

Facto = exists by custom and practice. Jure = segregation by law

Malcolm X

Civil rights activist who was pro-violent and played a big role in the civil rights movement

Stokely Carmichael

Used black power as his slogan

Kerner Commission

Studied the cause of racism, found that white people were the cause

Civil Rights act of 1968

Banned discrimination in housing

Affirmative Action

Made special efforts to hire or enroll groups that have suffered from discrimination

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