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a purifying process in which a vaporized substance is collected by exposing it to cooler temperatures over a receiving flask, which collects the condensed purified liquid
a mixture in which the various components can be seen as individual substances
a mixture in which the components are so finely mixed that the composition is the same throughout
in chemistry, this term refers to a material that is a mixture of more than one element or compound
the amount of any pure substance that contains as many atoms, molecules, ions, or other elementary units as the number of atoms in 12 grams of carbon-12. This is equal to 6.02 x 10^23 particles.
having a uniform composition, or being without impurities; in chemistry, the term is used to denote a material that consists of a single element or compound
a solution containing the maximum amount of solution that will dissolve in its solvent
by taking advantages of difference in the components' physical properties
How do we separate the components of a mixture?
a material consisting of only a single element or a single compound
How does a chemist define a "pure" material?
the component present in the largest amount is the solvent and any other components are solutes
What is the difference between the solvent and the solute?
the submicroscopic attractions between solute particles and solvent particles
What helps to make a solute soluble in a solvent?
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