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Lecture 25 - Glass Box
Terms in this set (22)
Two reasons that explain why Mies cantilievered his roofs/floors beyond the corner columns.
1. implying continuity of space 2. emphasis of the plane
List three differences between Mies design of the Farnsworth House, and Johnson;s design of his Glass House.
1. illuminating corner vs. not illuminating corner 2. cantilever vs. no cantilever 3. on the ground vs. off the ground
List two reasons why the Farnsworth House was an environmental disaster
1. single-pane glass 2. non working windows
List two details Mies used in his American buildings to divorce them from the existing urban fabric
1. buildings lifted off the ground 2. buildings set back from sidewalk
What advantage is there in offsetting the location of the core in the plan of a highrise office building?
floor depths for variation between different types of functions
What detail in the Lever House allows the pedestrian to reconnect with tower after leaving the sidewalk?
2 story podium with courtyard
What was the new architectural material whose price had dropped significantly after the end of WWII, that it quickly was adopted as the exterior material of choice for the next twenty years?
Describe the lateral (wind) load structure of the Sears Building/World Trade Center.
Tube structure, not cross structure
Describe the problem that "rationalist" International Style designers tried to avoid in the design of a skyscraper and what was the typical solution?
1. cannot express each column the same 2. cantilever the ends
_____ was the last and tallest of the International Style glass box skyscrapers.
Chase Manhatten Bank
Why were the Lever House and the Seagram's Building much more expensive than the face value of their construction:
They didnt use the full site
What kept the International Style glass box skyscraper from going no taller than the Chase Manhattan Bank?
Wind bracing structure was too expensive
"Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space" is a quote by
The first post WWII glass box skyscraper in the US was the
Equitable savings and loan
What two major projects were responsible for the large size of SOM by the end of WWII?
1. VA Hospitals 2. Manhattan Projects
What skyscraper marked the ultimate retreat from the street and the start of "Plaza-mania?"
The conceptual design of the UN office tower was the product of
______was responsible for the conceptual design of the UN office tower.
"I don't want to be interesting, I want to be good" is a quote ascribed to _____
Describe the difference in how Mies designed spaces in his pre-WW II European buildings and those in his post- WW II American buildings:
Pre - flow of space and simplicity
Post - rational and symmetric
List the three locations for a glass skin in a skyscraper and list a building from class that is an example of each type
1. within structural cage 2. infront of structure 3. back of structure 4. equitable savings and loan 5. UN headquarters 6. inland steel
The difference between SOM's typical corner detail as represented in the Inland Steel Building and Mies' typical corner detial as represented in the Seagram's Building is:
Mies - cantilever the floor half a bay past the last column
SOM - column placed in the corner to create a full bay
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Lecture 23 - Exodus
Lecture 24 - Scand
Lecture 26 - Le Corbusier
Lecture 27 - Saarinen and Aalto
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