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Early Childhood Theorists
Cognitive Stages of Intellectual Development: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational
Sociocultural Theory: Zone of Proximal Development, Intersubjectivity, Scaffolding
Hierarchy of 6 basic needs, self-actualization
Stages of Psychosocial Development
(0-2 yrs): uses senses and motor reflexes to learn; egocentric; object permanence; concrete knowledge
(2-7 yrs): concrete knowledge, thinks in here and now, accelerated language development, egocentric, judges on appearances, thinks everything has a reason or purpose
Concrete Operational Stage
(7-12 yrs): can reverse thought processes, makes decisions on appearances, less egocentric, structure time and space, understands numbers, can apply logic in concrete situations
Zone of proximal Development
range from what a child can do independently to what he can do with adult assistance
Children reach a mutual understanding through social interaction
process of providing less and less support so children may master a task or ability
reading a story aloud
physical activities, games
songs, clapping games