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19 terms

Early Childhood Theorists

STUDY
PLAY
Piaget
Cognitive Stages of Intellectual Development: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational
Vygotsky
Sociocultural Theory: Zone of Proximal Development, Intersubjectivity, Scaffolding
Maslow
Hierarchy of 6 basic needs, self-actualization
Erikson
Stages of Psychosocial Development
Howard Gardner
Multiple Intelligences
Sensorimotor Stage
(0-2 yrs): uses senses and motor reflexes to learn; egocentric; object permanence; concrete knowledge
Preoperational Stage
(2-7 yrs): concrete knowledge, thinks in here and now, accelerated language development, egocentric, judges on appearances, thinks everything has a reason or purpose
Concrete Operational Stage
(7-12 yrs): can reverse thought processes, makes decisions on appearances, less egocentric, structure time and space, understands numbers, can apply logic in concrete situations
Zone of proximal Development
range from what a child can do independently to what he can do with adult assistance
Intersubjectivity
Children reach a mutual understanding through social interaction
Scaffolding
process of providing less and less support so children may master a task or ability
Visual- Spatial
concept maps
Verbal- Linguistic
reading a story aloud
Mathematical- logical
puzzles, numbers
Bodily- Kinesthetic
physical activities, games
Musical- Rhythmic
songs, clapping games
Interpersonal
group activities
Intrapersonal
independent study
Naturalist
nature walks