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Politics of the United States
Convention and Constitution
Terms in this set (44)
What government was in place during and after the Revolution that had no power to tax and could not regulate the states?
Articles of Confederation
Who was the revolutionary war veteran who led a rebellion of farmers and veterans against the Massachusetts's state government for taking their land when they could not pay their taxes?
Which state did not send any delegates to the Convention?
Who was named the Commander of the Convention?
Which two future presidents were not present at the Convention? What were they doing?
Thomas Jefferson and John Adams; They were ambassadors for the U.S. in France and England.
Who stated "I smell a rat" and refused Virginia's nomination as a delegate?
Explain the Rule of secrecy
Nothing spoken in the house can be printed,published,or communicated outside the Hall, they did this so no one would influence/bribe the delegates, or leak information to foreign countries about the sad state of America
Who created the Virginia plan, wrote a good portion of the Constitution, and had the nickname"Father of the Constitution"?
How many branches of government are in the Virginia plan? What are the names of each branch?
3, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
What does bicameral mean?
Who designed the New Jersey Plan?
What type of representation did he propose for both houses of Congress in the Virginia Plan?
How many houses of Congress did the New Jersey Plan call for? What type of representation did he want to see?
Who developed the Great Compromise?
Explain the Great Compromise in terms of how many houses of congress and what type of representation in each house-
bicameral congress; Proportional representation in the House of Representatives, and Equal representation in the Senate
Why did the North want to ban the slave trade?
It put all the colonies in danger of slave revolts, and it went against their christian morals.
Why did the South say they needed the slave trade?
They needed a cheap labor force for agriculture and without slavery their economy would be ruined
What fraction was used as a compromise to count slaves as part of the population for the purpose of representation in Congress?
Who wrote the Preamble?
What phrase starts the Constitution?
"we the people"
What two houses of Congress make up the legislative branch?
House of Representatives and the Senate
How long is the term for a House of Representative?
How old do you have to be to be apart of the House of Representatives?
How long is the term for Senator?
How old do you have to be to be a Senator?
List the powers of Congress
To lay and collect taxes, To coin money, Patents, To declare war and approve treaties, To raise and support armies, Maintain a Navy and List the powers denied to Congress- Abolish the Slave trade(1808), Removal of Writ of Habeas Corpus(the right to be charged of a crime in front of a judge in a courtroom before going to jail), Taxes on Exports, Titles of Nobility
How long is the term for presidency?
How old do you have to be to be a President?
What was set up to elect the president because our forefathers didn't trust the American people?
What is the magic number to win the presidency?
List the powers of the President
Commander and chief of all armed forces, Grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the U.S., Make Treaties with other nations, Appoint judges of the Supreme Court
How many judges serve on the Supreme Court?
What does the Supreme Court do?
Final Court of appeal-decides whether lower court trial was conducted properly and reviews their decision
Where do bills get introduced?
List the powers of the Judicial branch
Can declare laws unconstitutional, and Can declare executive/legislative actions unconstitutional
How does Congress vote on bills?
What can Congress do to override this power?
⅔ vote from both houses overrides the president
What can the President do if he/she doesn't like the bill?
What can the Supreme court do at a later time with any bill/law?
rule the bill/law unconstitutional
List each branch's power in the law making process:
Legislative Branch-Presents and Passes Laws; Executive Branch-Approves laws and carries them out(enforces);Judicial Branch-interprets the law
What did the Federalists believe in?
they believed in the division of power between states and the national government
Who were the two main Federalists?
James Madison and Alexander Hamilton
What three faults did the Anti-federalists find in the Constitution?
weak state governments, no bill of rights, president or king(no set number of terms in 1787)
Who was the main anti-federalist?
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
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