Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Central Business District (CBD)
The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
Clustered Rural Settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers including retail services and personal services.
Dispersed Rural Settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
The process of consolidating small landholdings into smaller numbers of larger farms in England during the 18th century.
A model that holds the potential use of services at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel reach the service.
Market Area (Hinterland)
The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Services that provide for the well-being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second ranking city.
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the 2nd ranking settlement.
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n of the population of the largest settlement.