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organized complex, transcontinental railroad lines

1. Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt, Thomas A. Scott, and Jay Gould organized

iron manufacturing

2. After the railroads, the second most important development in America's industrial advance in the late 19th century was

Bessemer process

3. industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron

Thomas A. Edison

4. inventor of lightbulb, phonograph and numerous other innovations

giving them rebates.

5. Railroads commonly encouraged large shippers to use their lines by

Public utilities

6. The first giant corporations, capitalized in the hundreds of millions of dollars, were

Steel industry

7. Andrew Carnegie dominated the

first billion dollar corporation

8. When J. P. Morgan assembled United States Steel, he formed the first

John D rockerfeller

9. By the middle of the 1880s, ________ monopolized the oil industry in the United States.

Pharmasudical industry

10. The major development in retailing during late 19th & early 20th century was

Charles Darwin

11. The theory of evolution by natural selection, which helped Americans justify their exploitation of others, was the work of

leading voices of late nineteenth-century reform

12. Henry George, Edward Bellamy, and Henry Demarest Lloyd were all late 19th century

Workers rights

13. Henry George, author of Progress and Poverty, advocated

Edward Bellamy

14. The novelist who described America evolving into an ideal socialist state was

Oliver Kelly

15.The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was founded in 1867 by

Early railroad regulation

16.The Supreme Court decision in the Wabash case

Interstate Commerce Commission.

17. The federal regulatory board, established in 1887 by Congress to supervise the affairs of railroads, investigate complaints, and issue "cease and desist" orders against railroads acting illegally, was the

Sherman Anti trust Act

18. In 1890, Congress tried to restore competition by outlawing the restraint of interstate trade by corporate monopolies with the ________ Act.

United States v. E. C. Knigh

19. The Sherman Antitrust Act was drastically limited by the Supreme Court in

Haymarket Square riot

20. As a result of the ________, membership in the Knights of Labor declined quickly because the public associated unions with violence and radicalism.

American Federation of Labor (AFL)

21. Established in 1886, the ________ was the prime example of "bread and butter" unionism.

Manual Training School for boys in St. Louis

22. Calvin M. Woodward was instrumental in establishing

American Protective association

23. The new nativism of the late 19th century was exemplified by the

Jacob A. Riis

24. The author of How the Other Half Lives (1890), the classic description of slum conditions in the United States, was

the development of skyscrapers

25. Louis H. Sullivan was closely associated with

Washington Gladden

26. The most influential preacher of the Social Gospel Movement was

jane Addams

27. The founder of Chicago's Hull House was


28. In 1869, ________ introduced the elective system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.

Established universities

29. In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller all did what?

being the first college for women

30. Vassar College holds the distinction of

Herbert Spencer

31. The most influential social Darwinist was the English thinker

John Dewey

32. The leader of what was called progressive education was

Juris Prudance

33. The emphasis of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. upon evolutionary change had a profound impact upon 20th century

Westward expansion gave the United States its character of rugged independence

34. In his frontier thesis, Frederick Jackson Turner argued that

Mark Twain

35. The author of novels such as Huckleberry Finn, whose acute reportorial eyes and ears caught the spirit of his age, was

whistlers mother

36. Probably the most famous painting by an American, Arrangement in Grey and Black, is the work of


37. The most influential philosopher of his time and the main exponent of pragmatism was

Chautauqua movement

38. A form of popular education which illustrated the popular desire for new information in the late 19th century was the

Hayes (1876-1880) Garfield (1881) Arthur (1881-1885) Cleveland (1885-1889, 1893-1897) Harrison (1889-1893) McKinley (1897-1901

39. The presidents during the Gilded Age

James a Garfield

40. In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.

Civil service

41. The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who sought ________ reform.

plessy vs furguson

42.The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in

booker t washington

43. The black leader identified with the "Atlanta Compromise" was

Boss tweed

44. The most notorious of all city bosses was

Jacob Coxey

45. The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was

William Jennings bryan

46. The dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for


47. Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics

progressive mayors

48. Samuel M. "Golden Rule" Jones, Tom L. Johnson, and Seth Low were all


49. The first progressive president and the advocate of the "Square Deal" was

the filth of the meatpacking industry

50. Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle exposed


51. Theodore Roosevelt handpicked ________ to succeed him and carry out his policies.

Theodore Roosevelt

52. The politician who advocated a New Nationalism was

New Freedom

53. Woodrow Wilson advocated a program called the


54. In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from

Dominican Republic

55. President Grant tried and failed to annex the

the independence of Cuba

56. The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the independence of

Uss maine

57. In February 1898 the American battleship ________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.

steamed into Manila Bay on May 1, 1898

58. In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey


59. The American politician who formed a volunteer unit, the "Rough Riders," and participated in storming San Juan Hill was

the phillipinies

60. After the Spanish-American War, heated debates raged over the imperialism of annexing

full Constitutional rights did not automatically extend to all areas under American control

61. In the "insular cases" the Supreme Court ruled that

President McKinley stated his desire for the creation of an "open door" that would allow all trading.

62. The principle architect of America's "Open Door" policy was


63. The "Open Door" policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of


64. At the turn of the twentieth century, the so-called Boxer Rebellion broke out in

Cuba was forced to accept an amendment to its constitution, giving the US special rights (including the right to maintain military bases such as Guantanamo), as a condition for the wthdrawal of US troops from Cuba.

65. Under the Platt Amendment,


66. The idealistic president who set out to raise the moral tone of American foreign policy by denouncing dollar diplomacy was

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

67.The Great War was precipitated by the death of


68. Many Americans were shocked and outraged when the British liner ________ was torpedoed and almost 1200 people died.


69. In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.

poorly prepared

70. When the United States entered the Great War, from a military point of view, the country was

War Industries Board

71. During the Great War, the government agency which had almost dictatorial powers to allocate scarce materials and fix prices was the

Harry Truman

72. The future American political leader who commanded an artillery battalion in France during the Great War was

John "black-jack" Pershing

73. The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General

14 points

74. President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as the

members of the so-called Big Four at the Paris Peace Conference

75. Georges Clemenceau, David Lloyd George, and Vittorio Orlando were


76. The peace settlement reached at the Paris conference of 1919 was called the ________ Treaty

A. Mitchell Palmer

77. In the 1919-1920 "Red Scare," radicals were ruthlessly suppressed by

The Jazz Singer

78. The first significant talking movie was

Charlie Chaplin

79. The greatest film star of his era, who won fame as a sad little tramp, was

Babe Ruth

80. The "Sultan of Swat" who transformed baseball during the 1920s with his hitting prowess was


81. The 1925 Dayton, Tennessee "Monkey Trial" dealt with

F. Scott Fitzgerald

82. The symbol of the "lost generation" and the author of The Great Gatsby was

H. L. Mencken

83. America's foremost cynic of the 1920s, who displayed witty contempt for almost everything, was

Marcus Garvey

84. The leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, whose slogan was "Back to Africa," was

Henry Ford

85. The individual most responsible for the growth of the automobile industry was

Charles Lindbergh

86. In May 1927, the first solo non-stop flight from New York to Paris was made in his Spirit of St. Louis by

return to normalcy

87.The term with which President Warren G. Harding is frequently identified is

Warren G. Harding

88. The illegal leasing of government oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming, was the worst scandal involving the administration of President

Renounce war as a solution in international controversies

89. Under the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, the United States agreed to


90. The president during the stock market collapse and the start of the Great Depression was

WWI veterans who wanted their pensions

91. The "Bonus Army" which came to Washington, D.C. in 1932 consisted largely of

New Deal

92. President Franklin Roosevelt called his plan of reform and recovery the

First 100 days of the FDR administration

93. The "Hundred Days" refers to the enormous amount of legislation enacted during the

John Steinbeck

94. The novel that best portrayed the desperate plight of millions impoverished by the Depression was The Grapes of Wrath written by

Senator Huey Long

95. The most formidable of the extremists opposing Roosevelt and leader of the "Share-Our-Wealth" movement was

Father Coughlin

96. The popular "Radio Priest" whose program criticized Roosevelt and came to resemble fascism, was

Fireside Chats

97. Roosevelt communicated directly and effectively with the public through


98. In September 1939 Britain and France declared war after Germany invaded

Lend Lease

99. In early 1941, FDR proposed aiding the financially exhausted British under the ________ Act.

four freedoms

100. FDR spoke for the hopes of many for a better post-war world when he expressed his goal of

Pearl Harbor

101. The United States declared war on Japan after the surprise attack on December 7, 1941 on

Office of War Mobilization

102. The World War II board which exercised complete control over domestic prices and wages was the

equal opportunities for black workers in defense plants.

103. Prior to Pearl Harbor, A. Philip Randolph threatened to organize a march on Washington, D.C. to demand


104. Over 100,000 ________ were relocated and interned during World War II


105. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies invaded

Douglas Macarthur

106. The brilliant and egocentric commander of American land forces in the Pacific was

Island Hopping

107. The American strategy in the Pacific to conquer only strategic islands was called

Harry S. Truman

108. When President Roosevelt died in April 1945, he was succeeded by

Atomic Bomb

109. During the early 1940s, the Manhattan Project was established to create the

Yalta Conference

110. At the ________ conference Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to Soviet annexation of large sections of eastern Poland.

veterans subsidies for education or opening a small business

111. The 1944 GI Bill of Rights gave

Taft-Hartley Act

112. The ________ Act of 1947 authorized the president to seek court injunctions to prevent strikes that endangered the national interest.

George Kennan

113. The diplomat whose article "The Sources of Soviet Conduct" shaped America's containment policy was

Winston Churchill

114. The Soviet Union's aggressive policies after World War II, especially in Eastern Europe, were called extending the "Iron Curtain" by

support Greece and Turkey against the Soviet communists

115. The Truman Doctrine was created to

new confidence to Western Europe

116. The Marshall Plan provided

Fair Deal

117. Harry Truman called his national policies and programs the

off Allied Surface access to Berlin

118. In June 1948, the Soviet Union challenged the policies of the Allies in Western Europe by closing

Harry Truman

119. The winner of the 1948 presidential contest, one of the most stunning upsets in modern politics, was

betraying atomic secrets to the soviets

120. In the 1950s, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for

Joseph McCarthy

121. The Wisconsin Senator identified with wild charges about communists in government was

Douglas Macarthur

122. During the Korean War, Truman removed General ________ from his command for insubordination.

John Foster Dulles

123. Eisenhower's Secretary of State who advocated emphasizing massive retaliation with nuclear weapons rather than containment with conventional forces was

Fidel Castro

124. The successful Cuban revolution of January 1959 was led by

Brown vs. Board of Education

125. The landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision which ruled that segregated "educational facilities [in public schools] are inherently unequal" and unconstitutional, was

Little Rock, Arkansas

126. In 1957, President Eisenhower sent troops to protect black high school students in

helped Kennedy win the presidency

127. The closely watched series of television debates between candidates John Kennedy and Richard Nixon in 1960 probably

Naval Blockade of Cuba

128. During the Cuban missile crisis, President Kennedy ordered a

Martin Luther King Jr.

129. The leader of the Southern

State of the Union Address

130. The Federal Government and President Johnson declared "war" on poverty during the

Gulf of Tonkin

131. In the ________ Resolution of 1964, Congress gave President Johnson a blank check for the war in Vietnam.

Bobby Kennedy

132. In 1968 ________ was assassinated just after he won the Democratic primary in California.

Henry Kissinger

133. Richard Nixon relied heavily on the judgments of his National Security Adviser


134. Nixon's new policy of trying to relax tensions with the Chinese and the Soviets was called

Communist China

135. In February 1972, Nixon dramatically reversed previous American policy by visiting and establishing relations with

Gerald Ford

136. When Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned because of charges of income tax evasion in 1973, he was replaced by

Amendment 8

137. Which amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment?

Amendment 2

138. Which amendment guarantees citizens the right to bear arms?

Amendment 7

139. Which amendment guarantees citizens the right to a civil jury trial for amounts 20 dollars and more?

Amendment 6

140. Police must inform suspects of their basic rights (right to remain silent, anything you say can/ will be used against you in a court of law) according what amendment

Ammendment 10

141. Any powers not given to the national government are reserved for the states or the people according to what Amendment?

Amendment 3

142. What amendment limits the power of the government to house soldiers in private homes?

Amendment 13

143. Which amendment outlawed slavery in the United States?

Amendment 25

144. Which amendment lowered the voting age to 18 years of age?

Amendment 18

145. What amendment established Prohibition?

Amendment 19

146. What amendment provided for woman's suffrage?

Amendment 21

147. What amendment repealed Prohibition?

Amendment 16

148. What amendment established Federal income tax?

Amendment 20

149. What amendment provides for presidential succession?

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