Voting Rights Act 1965
Terms in this set (77)
Civil Rights Act 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Voting Rights Act 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
(military) the act of containing something or someone
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
March on Birmingham
King hosted myriad nonviolent protesting activities to fill jail with protestors, Bill Connor (police commissioner) began violent resistance to protestors
Congress of Racial Equality
an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality
Central High School Little Rock Arkansas
integrated in September 1957 after Brown v. Board decision. Governor Orval Faubus sent Arkansas National Guard troops to block the enrollment of nine black students, claiming that their presence would cause public disorder. Later he agreed to allow them to enter but withdrew the National Guard, leaving the students to face an angry white mob (1011)
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
Involved in the American Civil Rights Movement formed by students whose purpose was coordinate a nonviolent attack on segregation and other forms of racism.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
An organization founded by MLK Jr., to direct the crusade against segregation. Its weapon was passive resistance that stressed nonviolence and love, and its tactic direct, though peaceful, confrontation.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
Brown vs. Board of Education
1954- court decision that declared state laws segregating schools to be unconstitutional. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Plessy vs. Ferguson
a case that was brought to supreme court by black lawsuits to challenge the legality of segregation. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was "equal"
the German air force
Franklin Roosevelt's economic reform program designed to solve the problems of the Great Depression
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
American general; he commanded U.S. troops in the South Pacific during World War II; later he commanded UN forces in the Korean War; also drove the Bonus Marchers out of DC
Also known as the "Desert Fox" he was the the leader of the German African Corps. After being suspected of trying to kill Hitler, he commits suicide
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
series of trials in 1945 conducted by an international military tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.
the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
U.S. president that decided to drop the first atomic bomb
executive order 9066
2/19/42; 112,000 Japanese-Americans forced into camps causing loss of homes & businesses, 600K more renounced citizenship; demonstrated fear of Japanese invasion
war industries board
This government agency oversaw the production of all American factories. It determined priorities, allocated raw materials, and fixed prices; it told manufacturers what they could and could not produce.
Emperor of Japan
Battle of Dunkirk
The battle on the Northern French coast in which Germany defeated France and Britain who retreated across the English Channel.
Head of the security forces of the S.S.; chaired the Wannssee Conference; responsible for the constructing of the Final Solution
league of nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
Written by Arthur Zimmerman, a german foreign secretary. In this note he had secretly proposed a German- Mexican alliance. He tempted Mexico with the ideas of recovering Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The note was intercepted on March 1, 1917 by the U.S. government. This was a major factor that led us into WWI.
selective service act
law requiring men to register for military service
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
heir to Austria-Hungary throne who was assinated, event started WWI
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
a toxic war gas with sulfide based compounds that raises blisters and attacks the eyes and lungs
type of fighting in which both sides dig trenches and attempt to overrun the enemy's trenches
Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor and first woman cabinet member in U.S. history.
emergency banking act 1933
March 6, 1933 - FDR ordered a bank holiday. Many banks were failing because they had too little capital, made too many planning errors, and had poor management. The Emergency Banking Relief Act provided for government inspection, which restored public confidence in the banks.
first 100 days
Period from FDR's inauguration in March 1933 through the following June. During this time, Roosevelt pushed program after program through Congress in an effort to provide economic relief and recovery.
practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
social security act 1935
The greatest victory for New Dealers; created pension and insurance for the old-aged, the blind, the physically handicapped, delinquent children, and other dependents by taxing employees and employers
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
Governor of New York four times, and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928. He was the first Roman Catholic and Irish-American to run for President as a major party nominee. He lost the election to Herbert Hoover.
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
president of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn't want the gov involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
The overthrow of Russia's Provisional Government in the fall of 1917 by Lenin and his Bolshevik forces, made possible by the government's continuing defeat in the war, its failure to bring political reform, and a further decline in the conditions of everyday life.
stock market crash
Another leading component to the start of the Great Depression. The stock became very popular in the 1920's, then in 1929 in took a steep downturn and many lost their money and hope they had put in to the stock.
The trail where 24 year old John Scopes was convicted of teaching the theory of evolution in the classroom. In this case the defence attorney Clarence Darrow put up to the questioning stand William Jennings Bryan the prosecution attorney as an "expert on the bible." In this transaction Darrow was able to make bryan's view on the bible silly. This lead to the retreat of fundamentalists in the United states.
were two italian born american laborers and anarchists who were tired convicted and executed via electrocution on Aug 3 1927 in Ma for the 1920 armed robbery. it is believed they had nothing to do with the crime
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
any instance of aggressive extension of authority
spanish american war
War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
On February 15, 1898, the American ship, Maine blew up in the Havana port. The Spanish investigators deduced that it was an accident (spontaneous combustion in one of the coal bunkers) while the American investigators claimed that Spain had sunk it. The American people were convinced by the American investigators and war with Spain became imminent.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
allow trade of certain goods between countries without taxes. Canada and the U.S. have reciprocity. Canada sends fish, timber, grain and cattle to the U.S. and the U.S. sends coal, pork, cotton wool, and flour to Canada.
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Was the Secretary of State in 1899; dispatched the Open Door Notes to keep the countries that had spheres of influence in China from taking over China and closing the doors on trade between China and the U.S.
This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. The term was first given to them by Theodore Roosevelt.
The queen of Hawaii in 1887 who disliked foreigners entering her country. She didn't want to go to war with America because she knew her people would get massacred.
white mans burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
permission granted by Panama for the US to dig a canal ; permitted by the British in order to make friends with US in hope of future support against Germany ; negotiated under Roosevelt ; greatly facilitated trade