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25 terms

ancient civilizations

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mesopotamia
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
fertile cresent
A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland
cuneiform
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
pharaoh
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
mummification
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
pictographs
pictures that stand for words or ideas
sumerians
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
babylonians
These people conquered the fertile crescent in about 1700 B.C.
pyramids
Huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top
nile river
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
hitties
A group of Indo-European speakers who occupied Anatolia from 2000BC
persians
Ethnic group that settled in what is now Iran. They were rivals for control of Mesopotamia with the Greeks, and later the Arabs.
babylon
the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
hierogliphics
a form of writing using signs and symbols
kush
An African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile c. 100 B.C.E.; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries.
nomads
people with no permanent home; move from place to place in search of food,
irragation
a way of supplying water to an area of land
division of labor
separation of races, some blacks couldn't have certain good jobs
papyrus
tall sedge of the Nile valley yielding fiber that served many purposes in historic times
red sea
a long arm of the Indian Ocean between northeast Africa and Arabia
history
all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
hominids
humans and other creatures that walk upright
rosetta stone
an inscription of a black basalt stone
aksum
an important East African center of trade