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Ms. LaTorre's 11-E literary terms


use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse, same initial sound. EX: samantha sat soundly on the sofa sipping...


a reference to another work of literature, person, or event. Ex: he was a job when it came to patience.


the direct opposite, a sharp contrast. ex: the child's light shone through the massive dark.


A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response


author's word of choice


moving away from the plot, moving away from the main theme.

figurative language

symbolic language that literary devices use to create special effects or feelings;

figures of speech

the literary diverse themselves.


a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor.


an indirect comparison is made. a comparison without using like or as.


A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it. ex: white house for president, big apple for new york city.


embodies an inanimate object with human characteristics.


a direct comparison is made using like or as.


states an idea with restraint to emphasize what is written. ex: weather man reports that today is going to be one of the hottest days of the year. He says its gonna be a warm one.


a literary type or form. ex: drama is a genre which includes comedy, tragedy, and romance.


words that sound the same but have different spellings and meaning. ex: sea,see; nose, knows.


a phrase where the words together have a different meaning than the dictionary definition of the individual words. ex: the speaker broke the ice by telling a joke.


words or phrases, sensory details, a writer uses to represent objects, feelings, actions, or ideas to appeal to our senses. ex: red rose, blackest eyes.


a conclusion about a character or event in a literary work drawn from the facts made available.


when the unexpected occurs, , the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens. ex: the minister, on a rush to make it to service on time, pushed an elderly woman out of his way.


repetition of the same vowel sound. ex: that dolphin torn, that gong tormented.

blank verse

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter


the method an author uses to describe characters and their personalities (what a character says, does, and reveals).


repetition of the same constant sound. ex: jake baked the cake.


two lines of poetry with the same meter and which often rhyme.

free verse

poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.


the feeling of the piece, the overall atmosphere of the work reflects it.


expresses an opinion or makes a statement about the main ideas or topics of the literary work.


a five line stanza of any meter or rhyme scheme.


writing or speaking in the usual or ordinary from. (not poetry).


a four line stanza of any meter or rhyme scheme.


the writers attitude toward the subject.


combination of contradictory terms that form a new word or title. ex: jumbo shrimp


extended metaphor in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life. ex: LOTF, no exit


a poem in verse form that tells a story


the running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another. ex: me hurt my knee


japanese poetry. has three lines with 17 syllables. 5-7-5. subject is usually nature.


the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning. ex: clang, buzz, vroom.


repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, lines.

pathetic fallacy

attribution of human feelings and characteristics to nature or inanimate things. ex: the angry sea, stubborn door.

point of view (first person)

a story told by an "I" narrator. An "I" narrator is a character in the story

point of view (omniscient)

the person telling the story knows everything about the characters and their problems

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