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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. meta-analysis
  2. statistical regression
  3. Construct-related evidence
  4. Placebo effects
  5. using participants as their own controls
  1. a This often occurs in single-subject experimental design or some pretest-posttest designs. This option provides high internal validity because participants serve as their own controls.
  2. b includes a variety of different types of evidence supporting the characteristic being measured. Three common ways to measure construct-related validity include using a clearly defined variable, hypotheses based on theory to explain the variable, and logical and empirically tested hypotheses.
  3. c a statistical procedure for examining the results of several research studies on the same topic and determining the congruence and divergence of outcome data
  4. d omitting extreme scores, randomization
  5. e occur on those occasions on which participants in the study act according to expectations from inadvertent cues to the anticipated results of the study

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. focuses on specifying a problem and creating an action plan to address the problem
  2. randomization
    random assignment
    matching
    using participants as their own controls
    analysis of covariance
  3. participant matching, randomization
  4. questions are asked in person
  5. used to survey different samples from a population whose members may change over time

5 True/False questions

  1. ecological generalizabilityThe degree to which results of a study can be applied to other settings or conditions

          

  2. population generalizabilitythe degree to which results of a study can be applied to to other settings or conditions

          

  3. What are the 4 ways to minimize threats to validity?refer to the potential for a treatment protocol to have an effect based on the characteristics of the participant rather than those of the group as a whole

          

  4. panel studyused to survey different samples from a population whose members may change over time

          

  5. randomizationunpredictable fluctuations in instruments, participants, or conditions