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A behavior geneticist would be most interested in studying hereditary influences on:

Personality traits

Maria has always taken responsibility for preparing family meals because she has learned this was expected by women. Her behavior best illustrates the importance of

gender roles

Childrens tendency to classify various toys and games as either masculine or feminin is most likely to facilitate the process of

gender typing

The principles of evolutionary psychology would suggest that parents are genetically predisposed to experience the strongest grief over tge deaths of their

adolescent son

Genes are to chromosomes as ____ are to____

words; books

Genes are to the perpetuation of individuals as ____ are to the perpetuation of cultures


Elton responds to his daughters fist fight with, "Good girls don't fight!" but when his son has a fight he says "Did you win?!" the role of Elton's reactions in the gender typing of his children would be of most direct interest to

social learning theorists

Studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlights the importance of _____ in personality development

genetic predispositions

Evilutionary psychologists would be most likely to attribute gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex to the fact that mean have ___ than do women

greater reproductive potential

We are likely to ____ the personality similarities among children in the same family and we are likely to ____ the personality similarities between parents and thier children

overestimate; overestimate

Frans avoids talkingwith food in his mouth becuase other people think it is crude and inappropriate. This best illustrates the impact of


Genetic influences on personality traits are most clearly highlighted by comparing _____ with _____

identical twins raised together, fraternal twins raised together

Carl and Shirley are both mentally retarded because their mothers drank heavily during their embryonic development. This best illustrates the poetentially harmful influences of:

prenatal environments

Accordign to gender schema theory, children become gender-typed because they :

percieve much of reality in terms of masculinity and feminity

Evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to predict that

children are not likely to be abused by their biological parents

At the age 3 months, Kevis is removed from the home of his abusive biological parents and placed with adoptive parents who provide a happy, stable environment. As Kevin matures, he will probably develop a:

higher level of intelligence than that of his biological father

Babies with an intense and highly reactive temperamant tend to be:

irratable and unpredictable

In which of the following countries do people generally prefer to maintain the largest personal space?


Boys outnumber girls at the ____ levels of reading ability and at the ____ levels a math problem-solving ability

low, high

The heretability of a specific trait will be greatest among generally _____ individuals who have been raised in _____ environments

dissimilar; similar

For children from impoverisved environments, stimulating educational experiences during early childhood are most likely to:

prevent the degeneration of activated connectons between neurons

Because Marla is the first girl in the fourth grade class to sexually mature, she is sometimes teased and rejected by her classmates. Marla's sense of social isolation and embarassment results from the interaction of

nature and nurture

Environmental influences on personality traits are most clearly highlighted by comparing ____ with _____

identical twins raised together; identical twins raised apart

Adopted children raised the same family are not especially likely to have similar personality traits. This most clearly implies that we should be cautious about attributing personality to

parental influence

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