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Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
A behavior geneticist would be most interested in studying hereditary influences on:
Personality traits
Maria has always taken responsibility for preparing family meals because she has learned this was expected by women. Her behavior best illustrates the importance of
gender roles
Childrens tendency to classify various toys and games as either masculine or feminin is most likely to facilitate the process of
gender typing
The principles of evolutionary psychology would suggest that parents are genetically predisposed to experience the strongest grief over tge deaths of their
adolescent son
Genes are to chromosomes as ____ are to____
words; books
Genes are to the perpetuation of individuals as ____ are to the perpetuation of cultures
memes
Elton responds to his daughters fist fight with, "Good girls don't fight!" but when his son has a fight he says "Did you win?!" the role of Elton's reactions in the gender typing of his children would be of most direct interest to
social learning theorists
Studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlights the importance of _____ in personality development
genetic predispositions
Evilutionary psychologists would be most likely to attribute gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex to the fact that mean have ___ than do women
greater reproductive potential
We are likely to ____ the personality similarities among children in the same family and we are likely to ____ the personality similarities between parents and thier children
overestimate; overestimate
Frans avoids talkingwith food in his mouth becuase other people think it is crude and inappropriate. This best illustrates the impact of
norms
Genetic influences on personality traits are most clearly highlighted by comparing _____ with _____
identical twins raised together, fraternal twins raised together
Carl and Shirley are both mentally retarded because their mothers drank heavily during their embryonic development. This best illustrates the poetentially harmful influences of:
prenatal environments
Accordign to gender schema theory, children become gender-typed because they :
percieve much of reality in terms of masculinity and feminity
Evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to predict that
children are not likely to be abused by their biological parents
At the age 3 months, Kevis is removed from the home of his abusive biological parents and placed with adoptive parents who provide a happy, stable environment. As Kevin matures, he will probably develop a:
higher level of intelligence than that of his biological father
Babies with an intense and highly reactive temperamant tend to be:
irratable and unpredictable
In which of the following countries do people generally prefer to maintain the largest personal space?
England
Boys outnumber girls at the ____ levels of reading ability and at the ____ levels a math problem-solving ability
low, high
The heretability of a specific trait will be greatest among generally _____ individuals who have been raised in _____ environments
dissimilar; similar
For children from impoverisved environments, stimulating educational experiences during early childhood are most likely to:
prevent the degeneration of activated connectons between neurons
Because Marla is the first girl in the fourth grade class to sexually mature, she is sometimes teased and rejected by her classmates. Marla's sense of social isolation and embarassment results from the interaction of
nature and nurture
Environmental influences on personality traits are most clearly highlighted by comparing ____ with _____
identical twins raised together; identical twins raised apart
Adopted children raised the same family are not especially likely to have similar personality traits. This most clearly implies that we should be cautious about attributing personality to
parental influence