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Orchestra Vocab.

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a tempo
return to the original tempo
accent
stressed/harder pitch musical note
adagio
leisurely
allegretto
a quicker tempo than andante but not as fast as allegro
allegro
a brisk and lively tempo
andante
a moderately slow tempo (a walking pace)
andantino
(of tempo) moderately fast
arpeggio
a chord whose notes are played in rapid succession rather than simultaneously
beat
rhythm
cantabile
smooth and flowing, in a singing style
chord
a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
chromatic pattern
Two or more notes in a sequence of half steps.
chromatic scale
a scale consisting of all half steps
composition
musical creation
concerto
a composition for orchestra and a soloist
crescendo
(music) a gradual increase in loudness
cut time
2/2 time signature
d.c. al coda
a repeat sign that means to go back to the beginning and play to the coda sign, then play the coda.
d.c. al fine
Repeat from the beginning and play to the end
d.s. al coda
go back to the sign, then play the coda section at the coda sign
d.s. al fine
go back to the sign and stop at the fine
decrescendo
(music) a gradual decrease in loudness
double stop
when two strings are played at the same time
expressivo
expressively
fermata
hold the note longer than its value
gavotte
music composed in quadruple time for dancing the gavotte
half step
a semi-tone. There are 12 half-steps in an octave
harmonic
a tone that is a component of a complex sound
hooked bow
two or more notes played in the same bow direction with a stop between each note
improvisation
an unplanned expedient
interval
the difference in pitch between two notes
key signature
the sharps or flats that follow the clef and indicate the key
ledger lines
lines written above or below the staff representing a continuation of the staff, used to indicate pitches above or below the staff
lento
(of tempo) slow
loure (portato) bowing
several notes are seperated by a SLUR by a very slight PAUSE in the bowing. This stroke is done without changing the direction of the bow
maestoso
majestically
moderato
(of tempo) moderate
musical form
the ways in which a composition is shaped to create a meaningful musical experience for the listener.
natural
of a key containing no sharps or flats
pizzicato
by means of plucking the strings instead of using the bow
presto
(of tempo) very fast
rallentando
gradually decreasing in tempo
ritardando
gradually decreasing in tempo
shifting
Sliding your left hand smoothly and lightly to a new location on the fingerboard.
sight-reading
reading and preforming a piece of music for the first time
slur
(music) a curved line spanning notes that are to be played legato
spiccato bowing
bowing in such a way that the bow bounces lightly off the strings
staccato
separating the notes
syncopation
a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat
tie
unite musical notes by a tie
upbeat
an unaccented beat (especially the last beat of a measure)
whole step
interval equal to two half steps