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Saxon Math Vocabulary through Lesson 30
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Terms in this set (63)
counting numbers
the numbers we say when we count
sequence
an ordered list of numbers
term
each member of a sequence
digits
any of the symbols used to write numbers
whole numbers
the counting numbers and the number zero
even numbers
numbers that can be divided by 2 without a remainder
odd numbers
numbers when divided by 2 have a remainder of 1
place value
the value of a digit based on its position within a number
expanded form
a way of writing a number that shows the value of each digit
comparison symbols
a mathematical symbol used to compare numbers
decimal point
a symbol used to separate the ones place from the tenths place in decimal numbers ( or dollars from cents in money)
addends
numbers that are added
Commutative Property of Addition
says that we may add numbers in any order and get the same sum
sum
the answer to an addition problem
algorithms
a procedure for getting an answer in math
ordinal numbers
numbers used to name a position or order
difference
the answer to a subtraction problem
inverse operations
an operation that undoes the other, like addition and subtraction
equation
a number sentence with an equal sign
formula
an expression that describes a method for solving a certain type of problem
geometry
the study of shapes
point
an exact position
line
a straight collection of points extending in opposite directions without end
line segment
a part of a line between 2 distinct endpoints
endpoints
the points at which a line segment ends
ray
a part of a line that begins at a point and continues without end in one direction
horizontal
line like where the earth meets the sky, extending right and left
vertical
line that extends up and down
oblique
a line that appears to be slanted
number line
shows numbers at a certain distance from zero
negative numbers
numbers to the left of 0
tick marks
small marks above each number on the number line
multiplication tables
a table that usually lists the first ten or more multiples of the first ten or more whole numbers
multiples
product of a counting number and another number
factors
numbers that are multiplied together
product
answer to a multiplication problem
Commutative Property of multiplication
the property that states that it doesn't matter the order you multiply the factors, you still get the same product.
Property of Zero for Multiplication
when we multiply by zero, the product is zero.
Identity Property of Multiplication
one times any number is that number, 1x5=5
division
problem where we are searching for a missing factor
dividend
the number being divided
divisor
the number by which the dividend is being divided
quotient
answer to a division problem
denominator
bottom number of a fraction, d for down
numerator
top number of a fraction
remainder
the amount left over in a division problem
operations of arithmetic
addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
parentheses
small marks we use around numbers to show us the order of doing the problem. We do this part first.
Associative Property of Addition or Multiplication
No matter how we group the numbers, we get the same answer.
factors of a number
numbers that can divide a number without leaving remainders
scale
type of number line used for measuring
Fahrenheit scale
scale used on thermometers to measure temperature
Celsius
metric scale used on some thermometers to measure temperature
degrees
a unit for measuring temperatures and angles
common years
years with 365 days
leap year
a year with 366 days
decade
10 years
century
100 years
millennium
1000 years
elapsed time
amount of time between a starting time and an ending time
multiples of a number
answers we get when we multiply the number by 1,2,3,4,5 and so on.
percents
a fraction whose denominator of 100 is expressed as a percent sign %
centigrade scale
metric system temperature with one hundred gradations, or
degrees, between the freezing and boiling points of water
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Verified questions
VOCABULARY
From the list bellow, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. oeuvre approbation arbiter coup attrition secular archetype vagary C. Many fans usually classified Toby as fitting the ____ of the traditional 1970s folksinger, but they were only partially correct. Toby's taste in Native American clothing and his simple, naturalist philosophical claims definitely gave him the "Woodstock" image. The music of his ____ was rich with naturalist and even spiritual themes, though it remained surprisingly ____. It certainly caught Toby's fans off-guard when he gave his ____ to allow the state of Alaska to drill for oil on his pristine, 4.500-acre property. Feeling used, Toby's fans abandoned their prevailing 1970s attitudes to stage a[n] ___ and bring Toby to his senses. Willow Records, Toby's recording company, had to employ a legion of ____ to restore relations with angry music distributors who faced a massive ____ of their revenues.
VOCABULARY
Underline each reflexive pronoun and circle each intensive pronoun. The puppy scared itself by watching its shadow.
VOCABULARY
Rewrite the paragraph in chronological order. After listening carefully to each person's description of the conflict, the mediator tries to get each person to find areas of agreement. To address this serious problem, our school has a peer mediation service. The peer mediator has to make it clear from the beginning that he or she is not taking sides. In peer mediation, student volunteers are trained to help other students resolve conflicts without resorting to violence. Building on points where the two people agree, the peer mediator tries to help them reach a solution that is acceptable to both. Some schools have a serious problem with fights and other kinds of violence. The mediator then asks each person to explain the problem from his or her point of view. Students who are having a problem meet together with a peer mediator.
VOCABULARY
From the list below, supply the words needed to complete the paragraph. Some words will not be used. befuddle, complacent, liege, hypercritical, chutzpah, parsimonious, indiscreet. "Come on, Jennifer, just buy a bag of charcoal! What are you going to save? Maybe a dime? I have never met a teenager as _____ as you." Silently mocking Julie, Jennifer grabbed the first bag or charcoal on the shelf. She knew that they were late for the cookout, but Julie's _____ attitude sometimes annoyed her. To Jennifer, it seemed as though Julie was always finding fault. They checked out at the register and walked to the car. "I'm sorry if this _____ you," remarked Jennifer, "but as it stands, we're broke, which means that we need to watch our _____ spending. You've blown way too much money lately." Julie didn't reply immediately; she just sat in the patchwork seat of the primer-colored subcompact with a[n] _____ look on her face. As Jennifer turned the key, she heard Julie mumble a facetious "Yes, my _____."