In 1789 , in the hope of obtaining funds ,Louis XVI summoned the Estates General (Parliament) for the first time since 1614 . The Third Estate (Middle Classes) who belonged to neither of the two privileged orders of clergy and nobles seized their chance to air their grievances . Discontent flared into open rebellion , Starving Parisians stormed the Bastille .
France , due to bad weather had, had a disastrous grain harvest , the price of flour and bread rose beyond the means of the lower classes .
The Third Estate voted itself into a National Assembly , which abolished the worst aspects of feudalism and curtailed the power of the church . However , extreme factions, such as the Jacobin's , led by Robespierre took over .