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Cell division, resulting in two cells that each have the diploid number of chromosomes and are just like the original cell.
The process a cell's nucleus must go through to make sex cells (gametes) with half the number of chromosomes present compared to the original cell.
A threadlike strand of DNA found in the nucleus of the cell that carries genes and transmits hereditary information.
The basic unit of inheritance on a chromosome,which determine the structure and function of all components of the body.
A three nucleotide sequence on a stand of mRNA that gets translated into a specific amino acid forming a protein.
Production of a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell
Watson and Crick
Two of the scientists responsible for the determination of the double helix shape of DNA
Techniques used by scientists to modify deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or the genetic material of a micro-organism plant or animal in order to achieve a desired trait that is of benefit to humans
A process which uses fragments of DNA to identify the unique genetic makeup of an individual.
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