17 terms

17.3: War in Korea and Vietnam

38th parallel
-line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
Standoff at the 38th Parallel
-1950: NK attacks SK
-USA defends SK with Security Council voting to help
-15 nations lead by MacArthur
-surprise attacks from Pusan to Inchon repelled NK
Yalu River
-NK border with China
-UN drove NK
-Chinese help NK, now China vs America
Seoul Capture
-China drives Americans to the edge of SK
-cease-fire signed eventually
Kim Il Sung
-Communist leader of North Korea; his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War. He remained in power until 1994.
Kim Jong Il
-son of Kim Il Sung, became ruler of North Korea after his father's death
Ho Chi Minh
-young nationalist turned communist looking to overthrow French rule in Vietnam
-Indochinese Communist Party
-independence league founded by Ho
-fought french with Nationalists
-support in rural areas
Dien Bien Phu
In 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, deep in the interior of northern Vietnam. In May, after the United States refused to intervene, Dien Bien Phu fell to the communists.
domino theory
-one asian country falls, they all fall
-justified foreign policy in Cold War
Ngo Dinh Diem
-Southern, USA and French, anti-comm, Vietnam
-southern communist guerillas opposed to Ngo
Gulf of Tonkin
-two USA destroyers attacked
-made way for new flood of americans in nam
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
Khmer Rouge
-comm rebels in Cambodia
Pol Pot
-comm leader in Cambodia
-awful, lead genocide, tried to start back to year 0
-invaded by Vietnam
boat people
-vietnamese who tried to escape from oppressive comm takeover