Congress and Congressional Powers
Terms in this set (41)
Describe the members of the house and senate (Gender, Race, Age, Profession, etc)
30+ years old
Lives in state elected
citizen for 9 years
25+ years old
Citizen of state elected
Citizen for 7 years
73% are 60+ years old
83% are male
85% are Caucasian
67% have legal training (lawyers, etc.)
What can the President do when a serious problem arises but Congress has adjourned for the session?
call a special session of congress
What determines the number of representatives for each state?
The population of the state, gathered from a census
What are the Constitutional Requirements for a member of the House of Representatives?
Each representative must: (1) be at least twenty-five years old; (2) have been a citizen of the United States for the past seven years; and (3) be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state they represent. according to article 1 Section 2
What was the effect of the Reapportionment Act of 1929 on the House of Representatives?
It limited the number of seats in the House to 435
Why did the Framers favor a bicameral legislature?
It Settled the conflict between the New Jersey and Virginia Plans
What is the minimum number of representatives in Congress (both senators and members of the House) that a State can have?
What did the Supreme Court rule in Wesberry v. Sanders?
States must draw congressional districts of generally equal population
The term of office for senators is how long?
It is three times longer than the term of a member of the House, 6 years
What can Congress do under the expressed powers granted to it by the Constitution?
naturalization, make rules for bankruptcies, set up a national post office, copyrights and patents, regulate the conduct of the armed forces, call out the militia, "make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing powers....", tax, to borrow money, to regulate commerce and currency, to declare war, and to raise armies and maintain the navy
According to the Constitution, how can the United States declare war?
If congress declares war
What are the judicial powers of congress?
They have the ability to call an official's actions into question (HoR) and try them for impeachment (Senate)
What has happened to the Federal Government a result of Congress's broad definition of "commerce"?
greatly expanded federal power
How could Congress reduce deficit financing of the federal government?
By cutting spending
What is the Senate's role in making treaties with foreign powers?
it gives the Senate say over treaties, for the President to pass a treaty he must have 2/3rds of the Senate's vote
Why does Congress have the power to investigate?
to gather information useful to congress
to oversee operations of the executive branch
to focus public attention on an issue
to expose questionable activities of public officials
to promote the interests of some members of congress
What are the executive powers of the Senate?
approving or rejecting presidential nominees for posts in the executive or judicial branches, impeach a government official and approve any treaties made by the executive branch
How may Congress propose a constitutional amendment?
whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments
Congressional powers that are not stated in the Constitution but can be reasonably deduced from those that are stated are called what?
All indirect taxes passed by Congress must be levied ______ in every part of the country
They must be collected at the same rate throughout the country
Why did the Framers give Congress the power to coin money?
in order to create a single national system of hard money
In order to invoke the Necessary and Proper Clause, any implied power Congress claims for itself must be based on what?
based on at least one of the expressed powers
If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes for President, what happens?
If no candidate receives a majority of Electoral votes, the House of Representatives elects the President from the 3 Presidential candidates who received the most Electoral votes. Each state delegation has one vote.
A major presidential appointment must be approved by whom?
Why does the House have so many calendars and rules?
because of the huge workload of the House
What is this cartoon about?
a filibuster is a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures, this rejection of the usual process causes general disorder
What do party whips do?
make sure the people of their party vote and make suggestions based on their party's values
How are committee chairmen chosen?
selected by the majority leadership in each house subject to confirmation by the majority party caucus
What is the purpose of the House Rules Committee?
The House Rules Committee considers all bills reported from policy and fiscal committees and determines whether, and in what order, to schedule their consideration on the floor of the House. The Rules Committee also reviews, adopts and schedules consideration of floor resolutions.
What are measures called that do not carry the force of law, apply only to one house, and do not require the President's signature?
The opening day of a new term of Congress occurs in what month?
A closed meeting of the members of each party in each house is called a
Which kind of committee is the House Rules Committee?
A committee of the HOR
Which type of committee is set up for a specific purpose and for a limited time?
Which standing committee in the House handles all bills dealing with taxes?
Ways and Means
How does debate in the Senate differ from debate in the House?
Debate in the Senate is almost unlimited
Extra Credit potential if you know the current officers (speaker/pres., majority leaders, minority leaders) in the House and Senate.
House of Representatives:
Majority Leaders-Kevin McCarthy
Minority Leaders-Nancy Pelosi
Majority Leaders- Mitch McConnell
Minority Leaders-Harry Reid
Possible actions in the lawmaking process in chronological order
A Congressman's staff informs him/her of issues their constituents are worried about
Standing committee discuss similar problems and draft a bill
Bill is debated
Bill is voted on the Floor
Bill is sent to the other house
Bill is sent to joint committee
Bill is vetoed
How many terms of Congress are there in a year?
Where in the constitution is there evidence for Congress having the power to stop a tax on Internet sales?
their ability to regulate taxes if it is good for the majority of citizens?
How a bill becomes a law