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83 terms

Regional 1 Final

STUDY
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All of the following are ligaments that stabilize the coxal joint and reinforce the articular capsule except:
a.iliofemoral ligament
b. pubofemoral lig.
c. ischiofemoral lig
d. ligamentum capitis teres femoris
d. ligamentum capitis teres
Which one of the following is not innervated by the femoral neve.
a. satorius
b. iliacus
c. obturator interrnus
d. rectus femoris
obt int
Whicin one of the following muscles form the boundaries of the adductor canal except:
a. vastus medialis
b. adductor longus
c. gracilis
d. satorius
gracilis
Which one of the following does not aid in plantar flexion of the foot.
a. peroneus longus
b. soleus
c. tibialis anterior
d. gastrocnemius
tib ant
which one of the following statements concerning the medial menisci of the knee joint is not true
a. C-shaped cartilage
b. attached firmly to the medial collateral ligament
c. extends bt the epiucondyle and fistula.
d. lies within the joint capsule
c. extends
which set of ligaments of the knee is responsible for liiting the ant-post movement of the femus and maintaining the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles
a. anterior[posterior cruciate ligaments
b. patellar ligament
c. popliteal ligament
d. tibial and fibular liagments
ant-post cruciate ligament
which one of the following is not contained in the femoral sheath
a, femoral nerve
b. femoral artery
c. femoral canal
d. femoral vein
femoral nerve
a lesion of the obturator nerve would affect all of the following except.
a. pectineus
b. gracilis
c. adductor longus
d. popliteus
popliteus
which of the following muscles or muscle group is involved in crossing one leg over the other while in a sitting position:
a. all of the harmsting
b. quadriceps femoris
c. the sartorius
dd. gastrocnemius
sartorius
a true statement about extracapsular ligamensts that stabilize the knee would be:
a. oblique popliteal crosses the knee anteriorly.
b. fibular collateral prevents abduction of the leg
c. tibial collateral is a remanant of the insertion of the adductor magnus
d. patellar retinaculum only reinforces the joint capsule posteriorly
tib collateral
adductor magnus, adductor longus and adductor brevis are part of a large muscle mass of the:
a. post muscle group of the thigh
b. lateral rotators
c. ant compartment of the thigh
d. medial compartment of the thigh
d. medial compartment of the thigh
which one of not a boundary of the femoral triangle:
a. sartorius muscle
b. inguinal lig
c. vastus lateralis muscle
d. adductor longus muscle
vastus lateralis muscle
a patient walks with a waddling gait that is characterized by the pelvis falling toward on side at each step. which of the following nerves is damaged.
a. femoral
b. obturator
c. superior gluteral
d. tibial
sup gluteal
the anterior compartment of the leg includes the
a. popliteus
b. ext. hallicus longus
c. peroneus longus
d. sartorius
ext hallicus
most of the muscles that dorsiflex the foot are in the:
a. dorsum of the foot
b. sural region of the leg
c. plantar region of the foot
d. ventral region of the leg
ventral reg.
which of the knee ligaments function to force the medial and lateral regions of the joint to tighten only at full ext of the joint in this position act to stabilize
a. patellar ligament
b. tibial and fibular collateral ligaments
c. popliteal ligaments
d. anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments
tibial and fibular collateral ligaments
which muscle inserts on the lateral sides of middle phalanx of toes 2-4.
a. flexor accessorius
b. flexor digitorum brevis
c. adducotr digit mini
d. lumbricales
flex. digit
paralysis of which one of the following make and individual unable to flex the knee.
a. soleus
b. adductor mangnus
c. gluteal muscles
d. hamstrings and gastrocnemius
d. gastrocnemius
the insertion of the obturator externus is
a. trochanteric crest
b. trochanteric fossa
c. greater trochanter
d. obturator membrane
trochanteric fossa
the extensor digiti minimi had its origin on:
a. medial epicondyle
b. ulnar styloid process
c. olecranon process
d. lateral epicondyle
lateral epicondyle
which one of the following is not a boundary of the popliteal fossa.
a. gastrocneius
b. semitendinous
c. biceps femoris
d. quadratus femoris
e. semimembranosus
quadratus femoris
the medial boundary of the femoral ring is the:
a. femoral vein
b. sartorius mm
c. inguinal ligament
d. lacunar lig
lacunar lig
a lesion on the superior gluteal nerve may affect all but which one of the following
a. gluteus max
b. tensor fascia lata
c. gluteus medius
d. gluteus minimus
gluteus maximus
which one is innervated by lateral plantar nerve
a. flexor digitorum brevis
b. tensor fascia lata
c. gluteus medius
d. gluteus minimus
gluteus maximus
which one is innervated by the lateral plantar
a. flexor digitorum brevis
b. abductor digit minimi
c. abductor hallucis
d. flexor hallucis brevis
...
the only muscle that acts as a flexor of the knee and attaches superior to the acetabulum is the:
a: sartorius
b. semimembranosus
c. semitendinosus
d. biceps femoris
...
The extensor muscles that act on the knee joint are known collectively as the
a. hamstrings
b. quadriceps femoris
c. gluteal muscles
d. iliopsoas
quadriceps
the cruciate liagments of the knee
a. prevent hyperextension of the knee
b. are intracapsular liagments
c. cross over each other
d. all of these are true statements
all true
each of the following muscles contributes directly to movemnt at the knee joint except
a. soleus
b. semimembranosus
c. sartorius
d. biceps femoris
soleus
the muscles of the hamstrings group originates on the:
a. ischial tuberosities
b. head of the fibular
c. patella
d. anterior inferior iliac spine
ischial tuberosities
the calcaneal tendon is not used as a tendon of insertion by which of the following
a. gastrocnemius
b. popliteus
c. soleus
d. plantaris
popliteus
a muscle that originates along most of the shaft the femur is:
a. vastus intermedius
b. semitendinosus
c. adductor magnus
d. iliopsoas
vastus intermedius
the common origin of the hamstrings is:
a. medial proximal tibia
b. ischial tuberosities
c. lateral epicondyle
d. radial tuberosity
ischial tuberosities
which one of the following is not a part of the deltoid liagment
a. tibiocalcaneal
b.tibionavicular
c. talocalcaneal
d. tibiotalar
talocalcaneal
the muscle that originates on the anterior superior iliac spine is the:
a. rectus femoris
b. pectineus
c. psoas major
d. sartorius
sartorius
which muscle does not originate on the femur:
a. plantaris
b. gastrocnemius
c. adductor longus
d. vastus lateralis
adductor longus
the prominence of the buttocks is formed by the bipedal muscle this is the:
a. gluteus maximus
b. tensor fasciar latar
c. piriformis
d. gluteus medius
gluteus maximus
a football player broke his patella in an heroic touchdown play. which one of the following muscle groups would be mist affected by this trauma
a. quadriceps
b. triceps surae
c. deep six rotators
d. hamtrings
quadriceps
the extensor hallucis inserts on
a. pisiform
b. middle phalanx
c. base of the 4 metatarsals
d. base of metatarsal one
base of metatarsal one
the muscle group of the hip that laterally rotates it is
a. deep 6
b. gluteal
c. adductors
d. hamstings
deep 6
the muscle group of the posterior compartment of the thigh is supplied by the
a. deep peroneal nerve
b. superficial peroneal nerve
c. tibial nerve
d. inferior gluteal nerve
tibial nerve
which one is innervated by nmoth the obturator and tibial nerves
a. obturator ext
b. semimembranosus
c. adductor magnus
d. biceps femoris
adductor magnus
the muscles in the anterior leg are supplied by the:
a. deep peroneal n
b. pudendal nerve
c. medial plantar nerve
d. tibial n
deep peroneal
which muscle does not assist in lateral rotation of the hip
a. superior gemellus
b. gluteus maxius
c. tensor fascia latae
d.obturator internus
tensor fasciar latae
which nerve supplies the muscles of the sural side of the leg
a. tibial
b. deep peroneal
c. superfical peroneal
d. sural
tibial
a muscle that inserts on the adductor tubercle of the femur is the
a. adductor magnus
b. semitendinosus
c. tensor fasciae latae
d. vastus intermedius
e. iliopsoas
adductor magnus
football (soccer) players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. which ligaments and other structures are damaged as a result
a. medial collateral, anterior cruciate ligaments and medial meniscus
b. oblique popliteal and extracapsular ligaments
c. arcuate popliteal and posterior cruciate liagments
d. suprapatellar and lateral retinacula
a. medial collateral, ant cruciate
which one is of the following is also known as the Y ligament of bigelow:
a. ischiofemoral
b. pubofemoral
c. iliofemoral
d. ligamentum teres capitis femoris
iliofemoral
The vein that begins in the foot near the big toe and becomes a tributary of the femoral vein is the
a. subscapular
b. external jugular
c. internal thoracic
d. great saphenous
great saphenous
which one does not insert on the medial proximal tibia
a. semitendinosus
b. sartorius
c. rectus femoris
d. gracilis
rectus femoris
a muscle that does not belong to the triceps surae group is the
a. soleus
b. plantaris
c. gastrocnemis
d. popliteus
popliteus
which muscle has a tendon that slips under sustentaculum tali
a. plantaris
b. flexor digitorum longus
c. flexor hallucis longus
d. flexor accessories
flexor hallucis longus
the common insertion for the medial femoral compartment muscular is
a. pectoneal line
b. gluteal tuberosity
c. intertrochanteric line
d. linea aspera
linea aspera
which one is most often injured in a sprained ankle?
a. talonavicular liagment
b. spring liagament
c. calcaneofibular liagment
d. posterior talofibular liagment
talonavicular ligament
the prime flexor of the coxal joint is the:
a. sartorius
b. iliopsoas
c. rectus femoris
d. vastus lateralis
rectus femoris
Paralysis of which of the following would make an individual unable to flex his thigh?
a) Vastus medialis
b) soleus
c) iliopsoas and rectus femoris
d) biceps
iliopsoas and rectus femoris
Menisci refers to
a) semilunar cartilage pads
b) a small sac containing synovial fluid
c) a cavity within a long bone
d) a tendon sheath
semilunar
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are
A) common in all people who are overweight
b) common due to the weightbearing the hip endures
c) rare because of the ligament reinforcement
d) rare because the rotator cuff stabilizes the hip joint
rare because lig reinforcement
Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include
a) the oblique popliteal crossing the knee anteriorly
b) cruciate ligaments which help secure the articulating bones together
c) lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial displacement
d) the patellar ligament extending from femur to patella
c
which one of the following is NOT true of the iliopsoas
a) iliacus part originates on iliac crest and fossa
b) extends the trunk
c) iliopsoas inserts on the femur
d) flexes the hip
ext trunks
The movements occurring at the ankle joint are
a) abduction and adduction
b) inversion and eversion
c) plantarflexion and dorsiflexion
d) supination and pronation
c
) A patient is unable to invert his foot. Which of the following pairs of nerves are involved
a) superficial and deep peroneal
b) medial and lateral plantar
c) obturator and tibial
d) deep peroneal and tibial
d
A patient presents with loss of cutaneous sensation and paralysis of muscles on the plantar aspect fo the medial side of the foot. Which nerve is damaged?
a) superficial peroneal
B) common peroneal
c) tibial
d) anterior tibial
tib
Which one of the following is NOT a boundary of the popliteal fossa?
a) gastrocnemius
b) semitendinosus
c) biceps femoris
d) quadratus femoris
e) semimembranosus
quadratus
The lateral Boundary of the femoral ring is the
a) femoral vein
b) Sartorius muscle
c) inguinal ligament
femoral vein
) A lesion on the obturator nerve would affect all but which of the following?
a) pectineus
b) adductor brevis
c) semimembranosus
d) gracilis
semi
Abduction of the thigh is NOT an action of
a) gracilis
b) TFL
c) gluteus maximuis
d) gluteus medius
gracilis
Which muscle inserts on the tibia via the patellar ligament
A) sartorius
B) Adductor longus
C) biceps femoris
D) Rectus femoris
rectus fem
An injury to the femoral sheath may damage all but which one?
A) femoral artery
B) femoral vein
C ) obturator nerve
D) genitofemoral nerve brance
obt n.
The anterior compartment of the thigh includes
A) adductor magnus
B) semimembranosus
C) vastus medialis
D) gracilis
vastus med
The cruciate ligament of the knee
A) prevent hyperextension of the knee
B) are also called intracapsular ligaments
C) form a cross
D) all of the above
all
A patient presents with a fracture of the next of the femur. This would result in necrosis of the femoral head, probably due to lack of blood supply from the
A) medial and lateral femoral circumflex arteries
B) Inferior gluteal artery
C) obturator artery
D) superior gluteal artery
a
Which one of the following muscles involved in locking the knee when taking a step
A) rectus femoris
B) popliteus
C) biceps femoris
D) gastrocnemius
c
The adductor canal
A) is bounded superiorly by the semimembranosus and semitendinosus
B) is a potential weak area and site for femoral herniation
C) is the abdominal opening for the femoral canal
D) allows for the passage of the femoral vessels into the popliteal fossa
d
Which one of the following is NOT true of the deep femoral artery
A) medial femoral circumflex arises from it
B) it arises from the femoral artery
C) lateral femoral circumflex arises from it
D) passes through adductor hiatus to posterior knee
d
A patient presents with sensory loss on adjacent sides of the big toe and second toe and cannot dorsiflex the foot. These signs probably indicate damage to the
A) Lateral plantar nerve
B) tibial nerve
C) deep peroneal nerve
D) sural nerve
c
Which one of the following is innervated by both the obturator nerve and tibial nerve
A) obturator externus
B) semimembranosus
C) adductor magnus
D) Biceps femoris
c
A patient exhibits a flexed adducted and medially roatated thigh. Which one of the muscles is a medial rotator of the hip joint?
A) gluteus minimis
B) piriformis
C) gluteus maximus
D) obturator internus
a
Which one of the following statements concerning the femoral canal Is NOT true
A) as the femoral vein passes through it becomes the popliteal vein
B) lies medial to the femoral vein
C) superficial lymph nodes drain from the testicles
D) contains fat and areolar tissue
a
A muscle that inserts on the lesser trochanter of the femur is
A) Adductor magnus
B) semitendinosus
C) TFL
D) Vastus intermedius
E) iliopsoas
iliopsoas
Which one of the following can be palpated anterior to the ankle?
A) popliteal artery
B) anterior femoral artery
C) ventral obturator artery
D) dorsal pedal artery
d
An action of the quadriceps femoris would be
A) adduction of the hip
B) extension of the hip
C) flexion of the hip
D) extension of the knee
d
the terms inversion and eversion pertain only to
A) the heel
B) the hips
C) the ankles
D) the knees
the heel