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Weather and Climate
Terms in this set (40)
Which global wind system causes most weather to move across the U.S?
In which layer of the atmosphere does most weather occur?
Two major gases in Earth's atmosphere?
Nitrogen (78%) Oxygen (21%)
Layers closest to the Earth to the farthest
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere
Name the months the two solstices take place
In which layer of the atmosphere is ozone found?
The season that occurs when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted more directly towards the sun?
Season that occurs when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun?
What causes the Coriolis Effect?
What happens to temperature, air pressure, and density as altitude in the troposphere increases?
Temperature, air pressure, and density decrease as altitude in the troposphere increases.
What is the direction of Earth's rotation?
West to East
List the three latitude zones of Earth from the warmest zone to the coolest zone.
Warmest: Tropic Zone, Temperate Zone, Coldest: Polar Zone.
What is the relative humidity when the temperature equals the dew point?
What is the effect of the Coriolis effect on wind in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere?
Southern- Winds curve left
Northern- Winds curve right
Which types of precipitation fall as a liquid near the Earth's surface?
Rain and freezing rain
How does the tilt of Earth's axis cause the change of season?
The tilt of Earth's axis causes the amount of sunlight that areas of the Earth receives to change during the year. This causes the change of seasons.
On the Equinoxes the daylight is distributed evenly. However, on the solstices the daylight is greater in one of the two hemispheres (northern or southern) due to the tilt of Earth's axis.
What causes day and night on Earth?
Rotation of the Earth
What type of weather is associated with a cyclone?
Clouds, Precipitation, and Stormy Weather
What type of weather is associated with an anticyclone?
Clear skies, very little precipitation, and generally calm conditions.
How do clouds form?
Warm moist air that rises and water vapor that condenses in the atmosphere.
List two factors that determine the climate of a region.
Temperature and Precipitation
Which part of the atmosphere receives the least direct sunlight?
Which part of the Earth receives the most direct sunlight?
Compare the amount of water vapor that warm air can hold to the amount of water vapor that cold air can hold.
Warm air can hold more water vapor than cold air.
Movement of one body around another body.
Process of gases in Earth's atmosphere allow visible light to pass through but absorb radiated infrared that lowers the atmosphere.
Horizontal movement of air from areas of higher pressure to areas of lower pressure.
A quantity representing the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere or a gas.
Precipitation in the form of solid pieces of ice.
Puffy, white clouds with flat bottoms; looks like cotton balls.
Flat layers of clouds that cover much of the sky.
Thin, white, wispy clouds with a feathery-like appearance.
Cold air mass that overtakes a warm air mass.
Two air masses that formed a boundary but neither are moving.
Weather system with a center of low air pressure
Weather system with a swirling center of high air pressure.
A line on a map connecting points having the same atmospheric pressure at a given time or on average over a given period.
A line on a map connecting points having the same temperature at a given time or on average over a given period.
Change of a substance from liquid to gas.
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