421 terms

MBLEX STUDY GUIDE

All types of questions to help study for the Mblex State Test
STUDY
PLAY
MASSAGE
Systematic manual or mechanical manipulation of the body's soft tissue?
MASSEUSE
A female massage was called?
BENEFITS OF MASSAGE
Increased circulation, muscle relaxation & pain relief are?
3000
Massage has been part of Western medical traditions for at least how many years?
TUI-NA
Modern Chinese massage is called?
1875
The term massage 1st appeared in American or European literature around?
SHIATSU
Finger pressure technique used by Japanese is?
DECLINE OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
The popularity of bathing & massage lessened with the?
PERSIANS
Much of Greco-Roman culture was preserved by the?
PER HENRIK LING
The father of physical therapy is?
PASSIVE
In Swedish movement system, movements are classified as active, duplicated and?
THE TAYLOR BROTHERS
The Swedish movement cure was brought to the US by?
AESCULAPIUS
The Greek physician/priest credited w/founding the 1st gymnasiums in the 7th century BC was?
FRENCH
Much of modern massage terminology is based on terms from this language?
1960
Public interest in massage began to re-emerge in the US around?
1992
National Cert in M&B has been available since?
JAPANESE
The finger pressure massage method called shiatsu is?
MENTASTICS
The Trager method uses movement exercises called?
ROLFING METHOD
Aligning major body segments through manipulation of connective tissue is?
REFLEXOLOGY
Stimulation of particular body points effects other areas is called?
BORIS CHAITOW & STANLEY LIEF
Neuromuscular techniques were developed in the 1940's by?
NCBTMB
The National organization that certifies massage therapist is the?
LEGALLY ACCEPTABLE PROF ACTIVITIES
What is scope of practice?
REFER CLIENT TO PROPER PROF
If a client's condition is outside the therapist scope of practice what should be done?
PROTECT THE HEALTH, SAFETY & WELFARE OF THE PUBLIC
What is the main reason for massage licensing?
REGULATORY BOARD
Testing & licensing of massage professionals is generally overseen by?
DOES NOT GUARANTEE
Being licensed in 1 city or state ______ validation in another location?
500 HOURS
The amount of education recommended for M&B is?
CERTIFICATE
A document awarded in recognition of achieving or maintaining a set standard is a/an?
CERTIFICATION
Completing a course of study or passing an examination is a?
SCHOOL; PROF ORG; INSTITUTIONS
Certificates can be awarded by?
ETHICS
The code of morals of a profession, group, or individual is called?
PROFESSIONAL
An individual in an occupation that requires advanced training to gain skills & knowledge is known as a?
SATISFIED CLIENTS
A massage therapist's best method of advertising is?
AVOIDED
Intimate or sexual relationships b/w client & practitioner are?
PERSONAL BOUNDARIES
Guidelines that help define us emotionally, spiritually; determined by our experiences & beliefs & are our safety net & personal protection are what type of boundaries?
PROFESSIONAL BOUNDARIES
Policies & procedure statements to protect the safety of the client & therapies are what type of boundaries?
THERAPEUTIC
A relationship b/w practitioner & client that is client centered to benefit client's well being & promote their welfare is what type of relationship?
CONFIDENTIALITY
A relationship where the foundation is safety, trust & respect for the client to relax, open, release & heal is?
POWER DIFFERENTIAL
A relationship where more authority is held by the person on 1 side while the other person is in a more vulnerable or submissive role is the?
TRANSFERENCE
When a client unconsciously projects attributes of someone from a former relationship onto a therapist or seeks more out of the relationship than is therapeutically appropriate is called?
COUNTERTRANSFERENCE
When a practitioner begins to personalize or take a therapeutic relationship w/ the client personally is called?
A DUAL RELATIONSHIP
Any situation that combines the therapeutic relationship w/a secondary relationship that extends beyond the massage practitioner/client relationship is a ?
THE THERAPIST OR PRACTITIONER
Who is responsible to maintain appropriate boundaries?
SEEK SUPERVISION
When a therapist becomes involved in instances of transference, countertransference, or dual relationship, the therapist should?
KINESIOLOGY
The scientific study of body movement is known as?
PHYSIOLOGY
Normal functions of body systems are studied in?
REFLEX EFFECTS
Indirect responses to touch that affect body functions are called?
FRICTION MASSAGE
Adhesion development and excessive scarring following trauma can be prevented or reduced with?
TOWARD THE HEART
In Swedish massage, movements should generally be?
CONTRAINDICATED
The term that means that the expected treatment is not advisable is?
FRICTON
A massage technique that increases the permeability of the capillary beds and produces an increased flow of interstitial fluid is?
FEVER
A contraindication of massage is?
CONTRAINDICATION
Acute inflammation is a massage (what)?
PHLEBITIS
Inflammation of a vein is called?
MAKE THEM AN APPOINTMENT FOR ANOTHER TIME AND SEND THEM HOME
If a client comes for a massage and has a low-grade fever (100.5F) the practioner should?
EMBOLUS
A piece of a blood clot floaing in the blood is called?
HEMATOMA
A mass of blood trapped in tissue or a body cavity as a result of internal bleeding is callled?
PROTEIN IMBALANCES
Massage is contraindicated if edema is due to a?
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
Cancer is a disease that is often spread through the?
PASSIVE JOINT MOVEMENT
The method in which the client's arm is moved through its range of motion by the therapist while the client remains relaxed is?
CANCER
Any massage that increases lymph flow should not be performed on clients with?
USUALLY BENEFICIAL
Massage during pregnancy is?
a) pleasure b) relaxation c) comfort d) ANSWER: all of the above
The purpose of massage for the critically ill is to bring?
ENDANGERMENT SITES
Body areas where caution should be used to avoid damaging underlying anatomical structures are called?
INCREASED CIRCULATION TO THE INTERNAL ORGANS
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system causes?
SEROTONIN
A relaxing, full-body massage will tend to raise the concentration of_____ in the blood.
a) interrupting the transmission of pain sensations in the CNS b) increasing the number of endorphins in the bloodstream c) restoring circulation in ischemic tissues ANSWER: all of the above
Relaxing massage helps reduce pain sensations by?
CONDITIONAL CONTRAINDICATIONS
Conditions that require the practitioner to adjust the massage when there are health concerns where certain massage techniques may cause discomfort or have adverse effects are?
METASTASIS
The manner in which cancer spreads is?
STAGE IV CANCER
Cancer that is well developed and has spread to several organs in the body is termed?
a) through the bloodstream b) by directly invading neighboring tissues c) through the lymph system d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
Cancer can spread within a person's body?
10 FEET BY 12 FEET
The size of a massage room should be at least?
75 DEGREES
The ideal fahrenheit temperature for a massage room is?
NOT DESIRABLE
Matching massage movements to the tempo of the music is?
PRACTITIONER'S HEIGHT
The height of a massage table is determined by the?
VINYL
The best covering for a massage table is?
ESSENTIAL OIL
If oil has an unpleasant odor but is not rancid, add a few drops of?
TO REDUCE THE FRICTION BETWEEN THE CLIENT'S SKIN AND PRACTITIONER'S HANDS
The primary purpose for a good massage lubricant is?
DURING CONSULTATION
The time to determine product allergies is?
a) to keep the vinyl from the table or bolsters from touching the client's skin. b) to provide warmth to the client. c) to provide a modest covering for the client d) all of the above. Answer: all of the above
The purpose of linens is?
LAWS
Every state protects the public health through?
PATHOGENIC
Disease- producing bacteria are termed?
STERILIZATION
The mode of decontamination that destroys microorganisms, including bacterial spores is?
ANTIBACTERIAL SOAP
The practitioner's hand's should be washed before client's contact using?
HEALTY SKIN
One of the body's most important defenses against the invasion of harmful bacteria is?
INFLAMMATION
A sign that the body is working to destroy harmful microorganisms is?
DISINFECTING
What level of decontamination will be acheived by immersing implements in a 10 percent bleach solution for 10 minutes?
CLORINE BLEACH
To disinfect linens, add to wash water 1/4 to 1/2 cup of?
SOAP AND WATER
Hands can be sanitized with?
DISCARDED
Sheets and towels with a rancid odor should be?
FIRE SAFETY
Marketing exits and having working fire extinguishers are two examples of?
PERSONAL SAFETY
Using proper lifting techniques when moving equipment or clients is an example of?
TELL SOMEONE YOUR DESTINATION
When going on an outcall, you should always?
SCREENING
The process of clarifying the appropriateness of an appointment is called?
a) consulting with a doctor b) personal history forms c) client interviews d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
Client information can be obtained by?
a) client history b) client observation c) client examination d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
A thorough preliminary client assessment will include?
SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT
how the client holds his body and how he moves is called?
TREATMENT PLAN
An outline that the practitioner's can follow for giving treatments is called a(n)?
SOAP NOTES
Work performed on a client is documented in the?
ACHEIVE BETTER RESULTS
Accurate records of a client's treatment help the therapist
CONFIDENTIAL
All client information should be considered?
a) at the end of the consultation. b) when a treatment plan has been agreed upon. c) when there are changes in the course of treatment . d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
When should the practitioner get informed consent from the client?
BODY LANGUAGE
Downcast eyes, slouching shoulders, a bright smile, and fidgeting hands are all examples of?
REVIEW OUTCOMES RELATED TO DESIRED GOALS
Which of the following is not part of an initial consultation?
ANATOMY
The study of the gross structure of the body or an organism and its parts is known as?
PHYSIOLOGY
Describing how the organs or body parts function & relate to one another is?
HISTOLOGY
The branch of biology concerned w/ the microscopic structure of living tissues is?
PATHOLOGY
The study of structural & functional changes caused by disease is?
INDIRECT
Lower blood pressure & general relaxation are _______ effects of massage
HOMEOSTASIS
The body's internal balance is called?
SYMPTOMS
Perceived conditions such as dizziness, nausea, pain are called?
SIGNS OF DISEASE
Observable indications such as fever, abnormal pulse rate, or abnormal skin color are?
STRESS
Psychological or physical situation or condition that causes tension or strain is called?
CORTISOL
The adrenal hormone that acts as an anti-inflammatory & anti-allergenic in stressful situations is?
THE PAIN-SPASM-PAIN CYCLE
A condition that responds well to massage & is associated w/ muscle spasms & ischemic pain is?
EXHAUSTED
Prolonged adrenal excretions make the body?
MUSCLE SPASMS
The pain-spasm-pain cycle is associated with?
ISCHEMIA
The condition in which contracted muscles inhibit blood flow to an area is called?
LEUKOCYTES
When tissue is damaged _____ migrate to the area to engulf & digest invading organisms & tissue debris.
SYSTEMIC INFECTION
The existence of disease-producing organisms throughout the body is termed a/an?
INFLAMMATION
A protective tissue response characterized by swelling, redness, heat & pain is?
DON'T REPAIR - (FALSE)
True or False:
When injured by trauma or infection, neurons of the CNS repair themselves.
BODY PART
The root word usually indicates the?
WITHOUT
What does the prefix "a" mean?
BOTH
What does the prefix "ambi" mean?
BENEATH
What does the prefix "infra" mean?
PAINFUL CONDITION
What does the suffix "algia" mean?
INFLAMMATION
What does the suffix "itis" mean?
DISEASED
What does the suffix "pathic" mean?
BONE
What does the root "arth(ro)" mean?
SKIN
What does the root "derm" mean?
ATOMS
All substances are made from subatonic particles that form?
CELL
The basic structure in human organisms is the?
MITOSIS
Cell division, which produces new cells is called?
METABOLISM
The complex chemical & physical process that nourishes organisms is called?
MITOCHONDRIA
Microscopic structures in the cytoplasm of the cell that produce energy needed for cellular work are called?
HOMEOSTASIS
Anabolism & catabolism are closely regulated to maintain?
SKELETAL
Which of the following is not 1 of the 5 main human tissue types?
epithelial nervous
connective skeletal
ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE
A special molecule that stores energy for use in muscular activity is?
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Bone, adipose tissue, epimysium & hyaline cartilage are what kinds of tissue?
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
The thin tissue layer that forms the skin, organ coverings & inner lining of all hollow organs is the?
FASCIA
Fibrous tissue b/w muscle bundles is called?
SYNOVIAL
The _____ membrane lines the inner joint cavities.
TENDONS
The bands that attach muscles to bone are?
LIGAMENTS
The tough, fibrous bands that connect bones to bones are?
VOLUNTARY MUSCLES
Skeletal muscles are AKA?
HEART
Cardiac muscle tissue occurs only in the?
CORONAL PLANE
The imaginary line that divides the body into front & back halves is the _____ plane.
ABDOMINAL CAVITY
The liver & stomach are contained in the _____ cavity.
PROXIMAL
The elbow is ______ to the wrist?
STERNUM
The ribs are lateral to the?
LOWER BACK
Lumbar refers to the region of the?
INFERIOR
The epigastric are is ______ to the diaphragm.
10
How many important organ systems does the human body have?
SKIN
What is the largest organ in the body?
SKIN
Protection, heat regulation, secretion, excretion & absorption are functions of the?
MELANIN
Exposure to ultraviolet light causes the skin to darken by stimulating the production of?
DERMIS
Collagen, reticulum & elastin are the fibers in the cells of the?
COLLAGEN
The skin gets its strength, form & flexibility from?
MACULE
A samll discolored spot on the skin is a?
PUSTULE
An elevation of the skin having an inflamed base & contaning pus is a?
FISSURE
A crack in the skin penetrating into the derma is a?
RECOGNIZE & REFER
What should MT do with skin disorders of an area?
LESION
A generalized term for a structural change in tissue due to disease or injury is a?
SKULL
Flat bones are found in the?
206
How many bones are in the human adult skeleton?
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
The bones of the upper & lower extremities form what skeleton?
RED BONE MARROW
White blood cells are produced by the?
DIAPHYSIS
The shaft of a bone is the?
PERIOSTEUM
The bone is covered by the ______, which is a fibrous membrane whose function is to protect the bone & serve as an attachment for the tendons & ligaments.
EPIPHYSIS
The ends of a bone is the?
THE SCAPULA
Where is the coracoid process located?
SYNARTHOTIC
Immovable joints are?
LIMITED
The ROM of amphiarthotic joints is?
HIP
What is an example of a diarthotic joint?
BALL & SOCKET JOINTS
Which joints have the greatest ROM
ELASTICITY
The ability of a muscle to return to its original shape a/f being stretched is called?
EPIMYSIUM
The layer of connective tissue that covers an individual muscle is called?
ENDOMYSIUM
Each muscle fiber w/in a fascicle is by covered by what tissue?
ACTIN
Muscle's contractile ability is a result of the interaction b/w 2 filaments, myosin & _____?
CARDIAC
What type of muscle tissue is found in the heart wall?
SARCOLEMMA
The cell membrane of a muscle fiber is called the?
SARCOMERE ARRANGEMENT
The striated appearance of skeletal muscles results from the?
# OF MOTOR UNITS STIMULATED
The strength of a muscle contraction is varied by changing the?
TRANSVERSE TUBULES
The transmission of the stimulus of muscle contraction is aided by?
ATP
Enery for muscle contractions comes from?
ACETYLCHOLINE
_____ is found in the gap b/w the end of the motor nerve & the muscle fiber.
MUSCLE FATIGUE
The condition in which muscles cease to respond due to lack of oxygen & buildup of waste products is called?
ISOMETRIC
A muscle contraction in which the body part affected by the muscle does not move is called?
ISOTONIC
A muscle contraction in which the distance b/w the ends of the muscle changes is called?
BICEPS BRACHII
The muscle that originates on the coracoid process & flexes the elbow is the?
STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID
A muscle that flexes the neck or turns the head to the opposite side is the?
GRADE II
A muscle strain that involves a partial tear of 10-50% of the muscle fibers is classified as?
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
A group of related genetic diseases that cause progressive degeneration of the voluntary muscular system is called?
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
Supplying the body w/ nutrients & carrying away waste products is the function of the?
CAPILLARIES
The 2-way diffusion of substances b/w the blood & tissue fluids surrounding cells is the function of the?
VEINS
Waste-laden blood returns to the heart through the?
CLOTTING
Blood platelets are important to proper?
PHAGOCYTOSIS
Macrophages are large cells (WBC) that destroy foreign bacteria by the process of?
DIFFUSION
The process in which substances move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is?
ULNAR ARTERY
Blood is supplied to the small finger side of the hand by the?
SUPERIOR & INFERIOR VENA CAVA
The right atrium receives blood directly from the?
INTERSTITIAL FLUID
The liquid that surrounds tissue cells is called?
LYMPHATIC
Toxic molecules are filtered by the _____ system?
SUBCLAVIAN
Lymph re-enters the blood vascular system through the ____ vein?
10%
Approximately how much of the fluid that leaves the blood-vascular system is absorbed by the lymph-vascular system?
ANEMIA
A condition in which there is an inadequate population of erythrocytes is?
SYNAPSE
The junction at which impulses are passed from 1 neuron to another is called a/ an?
AFFERENT NERVES
The CNS consists of the spinal cord & the?
EFFERENT NEURON
A motor neuron is also called a/ an?
SENSORY, MOTOR, INTERNEURON
The 3 types of neuron are?
CEREBELLUM
Body balance & voluntary muscle movement are controlled by the?
31
The spinal cord has ____ pairs of spinal nerves.
CERVICAL PLEXUS
Movement of head, neck & shoulders is controlled by the?
CEREBRAL CORTEX
All thought, association & judgment take place in the?
SCIATIC
The largest & longest nerve in the body is the _____ nerve.
PHRENIC
Damage to the _____ nerve could cause inability of the diaphragm to function.
BRACHIAL PLEXUS
Nerves from the 5th, 6th & 7th cervical vertebrae form the?
GOLGI TENDON ORGANS
Specialized nerve endings that sense the amount of tension produced in muscle cells are called?
CRANIAL, SPINAL, SYMPATHETIC NERVES
Name the peripheral nerves?
ANS - AUTONOMIC
The parasympathetic & sympathetic nervous system constitute the?
EXOCRINE GROUP
Various skin & intestinal glads belong to the?
ENDOCRINE GROUP
Glands that depend on blood & lymph to carry their secretions belong to the?
INSULIN
What causes a decrease in the level of blood glucose?
HORMONES
Endocrine glands secrete chemicals called?
PANCREAS
The gland that has both exocrine & endocrine qualities is the?
THYROID
The body's metabolism is regulated by the ____ gland.`
CORTISOL
The hormone that represses or resolves conditions of inflammation is?
RESPIRATION
Exchange of carbon dioxide & oxygen is called?
CELLS
Internal respiration occurs b/w the blood & the?
HEMOGLOBIN
Oxygen is carried from the lungs to body cells by linking (chemically bonding) with?
14 TO 20
Normal adult respiration occurs how many X's / minute?
MOUTH, PHARYNX, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL & LRG INTESTINES
The alimentary canal includes (w/o accessory organs)?
ABSORPTION
Transfer of nutrients from the intestines to the blood or lymph is called?
BLDG & REPAIRING TISSUE & RELEASING HEAT & ENERGY
Metabolism is a series of chemical reactions that take place in the tissue cells. These reactions are necessary for?
DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, ILEUM
The small intestine consists of 3 parts, beginning with the stomach what order follows?
KIDNEY, URETER, BLADDER, URETHRA
Urine is produced in & eliminated from the organs of the urinary system in what order?
LIKE YOURSELF AND WHAT YOU DO.
A positive self-image means that you?
APPERANCE, BUSINESS CONDUCT, CUSTOMER SERVICE
Your public image includes all of the following:
BUSINESS PLANNING
Clarifying your business's purpose, stating a mission, setting goals, and determining priorities is called?
MISSION STATEMENT
A short, general statement of the business's main focus is called a/an?
SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP
A business that has stockholders is called a?
CORPORATION
A business that has stockholders is called a?
FAILURE
Undercapitalization and poor management are the two main reasons for small business (what)?
LIABILITY
The insurance that covers costs of injures occuring on your property and resulting litigation is called_____ insurance?
WELL ESTABLISHED, REPUTABLE, IN A GOOD LOCATION.
When buying an established business, make sure it is?
MALPRACTICE
Insurance that protects the therapist from lawsuits filed by the client, due to injury or loss from negligence or poor execution of a professional skill, is called?
WORKER'S COMPENSATION
Insurance that covers the medical cost for employees injured on the job is called?
DISBURSEMENT RECORD
A ledger thst seperates and classifies every business expenditure is called?
RENT, SUPPLIES, ADVERTISING
All of the following are business expenses:
ADVERTISING
The marketing activity done in return for direct payment is called
NETWORKING
developing personal and professional contacts for the purpose of giving and receiving support and sharing information is called:
REFERRALS
The best and least expensive way to create new business is through?
FEDDERAL GOVERMENT
Social Security and unemployment compensation are two regulations of the?
STATE GOVERMENT
Sales taxes, licenses, and worker's compensation are required by:
INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR
A person hired on as her own boss is called a/an?
PRENATAL MASSAGE
Massage done on an expectant mother during pregnancy is?
IN A SIDE-LYING OR SEMI-RECLINING POSITION
During the later stages of pregnancy, a woman should receive massages?
BONE MARROW
The _____ is considered to be a primary lymphoid organ?
BEGIN AND END AT THE SITE OF LOCAL LYMPH NODES, ARE CIRCULAR OR SLIGHTLY ELLIPTICAL, USE A LIGHT PRESSURE AND SLOW RHYTHM.
Lymph massage movements?
400-1000
There are______ lymph nodes in the human body?
LYMPH CAPILLARIES
Small, thin walled tubes that collect lymph from interstitial fluid are called
TONGUE
Submaxillary lymph nodes are located under the?
STRUCTURAL INTEGRATION
A bodywork technique that technique that attempts to bring the structure of the body into alignment around a cntral axis is called?
ROLFING
Realignment of muscular and connective tissue and reshaping the body's physical posture is called?
DR. JOHN UPLEDGER
Craniosacral therapy was developed by?
AN ACTIVE TRIGGER POINT
A hypersensative nodule located in a taut band of muscle that radiates pain when compressed is?
WITH ISCHEMIC COMPRESSION
Massage therapist can treat trigger points?
ISCHEMIC COMPRESSION
dligital pressure directly into the trigger point is called?
MUSCLE ENERGY TECHNIQUE
Using neurophysical muscle reflexes to improve the functional mobility of the joints is called?
CONTRACT RELAX
The technique based on the theory that as soon as a strong muscle contraction releases, the muscle relaxes is called?
STRAIN-COUNTERSTRAIN
Positioning and supporting patients in pain-free, comfortable positions is called?
BRING THE ATTACHMENTS OF THE AFFECTED TISSUE INTO CLOSER PROXIMITY, MOVE AWAY FROM PAIN INTO THE BODY'S PREFERRED POSITION.
Positon release techniques
ORTHOBIONOMY
The correct application of the natural laws of life is called?
PRECISION MUSCLE TAKING
A type of specialized kinesiology used to evaluate energetic imbalances in the body is called?
POSITIONAL RELEASE
The procedure that gently moves contracted tissues into the direction of contraction while bringing the ends of the hypercontracted muscle tissue closer together is called?
ENERGETIC MANIPULATION
Acupunture, shiatsu, polarity and reflexology are examples of?
CHI
The philosophical Chinese term for energy existing in life is called?
MERIDIANS
Energy circulates through the body in a network called?
ENERGY FLOW
Meridians have been mapped on the body according to location and direction of?
395
The approximate number of acupoint located on the 12 major meridians is?
SHIATSU
The Japanese finger pressure method to increase circulation and relive stress is called?
BIG TOE
Reflexologists beleive that headaches can be cured by performing reflex massage on the?
NEAR THE END OF THE 19TH CENTURY
The term massage first appeared in medical writings?
DOUGLAS GRAHAM
Manual Therapies, A Treatise on Massage was published in 1902 by who?
1945
Massage and physiotherapy were used for treating orthopedic conditions in the United States until about?
ALTERNATIVE PRACTICE
Massage and the other healing practices that developed outside the Western medical model during the 1960's through the 1980's were considered?
HOLISTIC
Healing approach that regard the entire person including the spiritual, physical, mental, emotional, social, and enviromental rather than just the symptoms are considered?
INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE
Combining conventional Western medical practices with alternative and complementary therapies to best benfit a patient's health is?
A PHYSICIAN'S REFERRAL
Providing massage services to a patient in a hospital requires?
SWEDISH
The massage movements most frequently used by nurses are?
BLEEDING, SWOLLEN , BURNED
Massage is not perfomed on an area that is?
REASONS TO REFER TO A DOCTOR, WARNING SIGNS OF CANCER, CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR MASSAGE
A sore that has not healed normally, lumps underneath the arms or in the breast, and a persistant hoarseness, coughing, or sore throat are?
MEDICAL MASSAGE
A massage prescribed by a physician to address a diagnosed condition can be considered a?
DIAGNOSIS OF THE CONDITION, AN ORDER FOR MASSAGE THERAPY SERVICES TO BE PERFORMED, THE FREQUENCY OF TREATMENTS
A prescription for massage should contain?
PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS
What type of insurance is more likely to pay for medical massage services?
OBTAIN VERIFICATION FROM HER INSURANCE CARRIER
What should a therapist do before providing services to a client with an insurance claim?
MEDICAL INFORMATION RELEASE FORM
What form must be signed by the client before discussing her case with an insurance agent or other medical personnel?
SO IT CAN BE READ BY AN OPTICAL SCANNER
Why is the HFCA 1500 form printed in red ink?
A SYSTEM TO CATEGORIZE MEDICAL SERVICES, CURRENT PROCEDURAL TERMINOLOGY, A LIST OF ALLLOWABLE FEES FOR MEDICAL PROCEDURES
What are CPT codes?
BODY MOVEMENT
Kinesiology is the study of?
HYPEREMIA
Blood remaining in muscle for an extended period is called?
PALM
Compression strokes in athletic massage use the?
RADIATE
A trigger point causes pain to?
RELAXED
Shaking and jostling are performed on muscles that are?
PNF
The therapist- assisted active and resistive patterened movements used in the rehabilitation of disabilities are commonly known as?
MUSCLE SPASM
MET helps to counteract?
30 MINUTES
Pre-event massage should be given this far in advance of an event?
TRAINING
The most beneficial form of massage for athletes is?
GRADE I (one)
A sprain with mild pain and minimal loss of function is classified as?
GRADE II (two)
A sprain with some tearing of fiberous tissue is classified as?
CHRONIC
Injuries that have a gradual onset or recur often are called?
MICROTRAUMA
An injury in or between muscle fibers is called?
GREEKS AND ROMANS
The spa tradition is thought to have originated with the?
THE GOLDEN DOOR
The first modern spa that opened in the United States in the 1950's and focused on holistic health, fitness, diet and overall well-being was?
12,102
According to the International Spa Association's 2004 Spa Industry Profile, there were_______spas in the United States in 2004.
MASSAGE
The most popular service offered in spas is?
IS ANY BODY TREATMENT GIVEN IN A SPA FACILITY
A spa massage?
TIME CONSTRAINTS, LOW EXPECTATIONS FROM CLIENTS, INEXPERIENCED CLIENTS
The challenge for many therapist working in spas to give high quality therapeutic massage sessions consistently is?
BASALT
Heated stones for stone massage are usually made of?
140 DEGREES (F)
The highest temperature for heating stones for stone massage is?
EXFOLIATION
A spa treatment that applies a product to the skin with the intention of removing old skin cells is termed?
APPLIED TO THE SKIN, DIFFUSED INTO THE AIR, ADDED TO PRODUCTS.
Aromatherapy uses essential oils?
12 to 15
When mixing an essential oil with a carrier oil, approximately____ drops of the essential oil is added to the carrier oil?
RELAX AND IMROVE MOOD
The primary purpose of an aromatherapy wrap is to?
NOURISH AND REMINERALIZE
The primary purpose of a seaweed wrap is to?
SMALL CIRCULAR MOVEMENTS
The primary manipulation used when performing an exfoliation treatment is?
VIBRATOR
A popular electrical apparatus used in massage is the?
STIMULATING
A short application of cold is?
TISSUE DAMAGE
Thermal treatments below 32 degrees (F) or above 115 degrees (F) may cause?
HYPOTHERMIA
Prolonged application of cold leads to a physical condition called?
DRY HEAT
Heating pads and infrared radiation are types of?
WATER
Hydrotherapy is the therapeutic use of?
DIABETES
Saunas and steam baths should be avoided by people with heart conditions or?
HAVE AN ANALGESTIC EFFECT
A local application of cold will?
CRYOTHERAPY
Cool applied for therapeutic purposes is called?
SWELLING, BRUISING, PAIN
Ice is used on some injuries to prevent?
HEAT ANDCOLD
To increase circulation to an injured area and promote healing, alternate applications of?
ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
An economical alternative to commercial ice packs is a plastic bag containing a 2:1 mixture of crushed ice and?
IT IS INEXPENSIVE TO USE, IT IS READILY AVAILABLE, IT ABSORBS AND CONDUCTS HEAT.
Water is a valuable therapeutic agent for all of the folowing reasons?
THERMAL
Water temperatures that are above or below body temperatures have this effect?
MECHANICAL
Sprays, whirlpools, and friction are examples of this effect?
CHEMICAL
Drinking water is an example of this effect?
CONTRAINDICATIONS
Cardiac conditions, diabetes, lung disease, and high or low blood pressure are examples of hydrotherapy what?
92 DEGREES (F)
The average temperature of the skin's surface is?
DEPRESSING
Prolonged use of cold applications has this effect?
SECONDARY EFFECT
Expansion of blood vessels folllowing cold application is called a/an?
COOL
A bath with water 67 dergees (F) to 75 degrees (F) is considered?
TEPID
A bath with a water temperature of 85 degrees (F) to 95 degrees (F) is considered?
NERVOUS SYSTEM
A cold bath shocks the body's
BODY SHAMPOO
A Swedish shampoo is also called a?
SALT RUB
The frictional application of wet salt over the body is called a?
ASSESSMENT, PLANNING, PERFORMANCE
The therapeutic procedure involves all of the following?
TO ESTABLISH A BASELINE OF THE CLIENT'S FUNCTIONAL ABILITY IN ORDER TO TRACK THEIR IMPROVEMENTS
The purpose of performing a client assessment is?
CONTRACTILE TISSUES
Muscle tissues, tendons, and muscle attachments are called?
GOOD SIDE
When assessing range of motion, first test the clients?
SUBJECTIVE FINDINGS
Pain and how the client reacts to it is called a/an?
SPRINGY END FEEL
Limitation of a joint movement due to the stretching of fibrous tissues is called?
PALPATATION
The source of pain can be pinpointed through?
EVALUATION
Determining if goals have been met is called?
ACTIVE MOVEMENT, PASSIVE MOVEMENT, RESISTED MOVEMENT, PALPATION
When performing ROM assessment, the order of the tests that provide the most accurate information is?
CLIENT AND MEDICAL HISTORY
Which of the following takes place during the assessment?
CLIENT INTAKE
Explaining policies and procedures, medical history, palpation examination, and informed consent are all part of the?
EMOTIONAL TRAUMA, PATHOLOGIC CONDITIONS, POOR WORK HABITS
Postural deviations or distortions are caused by?
ASSESSING ACTIVE MOVEMENT
Observing a client's ability and willingness to move a body part through a range of motion is?
RESTRICTIVE BARRIER
When manipulating soft tissue, the first sense of bind represents the?
TERMED PALPATION
Using the hands and sense of touch to assess the qualities of the tissues is?
AN ACUTE INJURY
AN injury that begins with an event, causes some tissue disruption, and is fairly recent is considered?
NOTE THE REACTION AND PERFORM FURTHER TEST
When a client is asked to actively flex the shoulder, he cautiously lifts his arm approximately 30 degrees then stops quickly, winces, and grabs his shoulder, the practioner should?
THE CLIENT'S REQUEST FOR A RELAXING MASSAGE, INTAKE AND MEDICAL FORMS THAT INDICATE BACK AND NECK PAIN, A DOCTOR'S REPORT THAT INDICATES OSTEOPOROSIS
When plannning session strategies, which of the following should be considered?
SLIGHT MODIFICATIONS TO THE PLAN SHOULD BE MADE ACCORDING TO SESSION EVALUATIONS AND INDIVIDUAL PRE-SESSION INTERVIEWS
When a client and practitioner have formulated a plan for six sessions.
AFTER EVERY SESSION, AFTER A NUMBER OF SESSIONS, DURING THE MASSAGE
Evaluation is the part of therapeutic procedure that is done?
WITH ALL CLOTHING REMOVED
The most effective way to receive a massage is?
DRAPING
A client's modesty is protected with proper?
FULL SHEET
The draping method that covers the table and wraps the client with a single linen is called?
EFFEURAGE
Oil is applied with this stroke?
UNDRAPING
The first procedure when massaging a part of the body is?
SEQUENCE
The pattern or design of the massage that provides for a smooth progression from one stroke to the next is the?
SUPERFICIAL TO DEEP AND BACK TO SUPERFICIAL, ADJACENT BODY PARTS, GENERAL TO SPECIFIC AND BACK TO GENERAL
When developing a massage sequence, which of the following is important to keep in mind.
JOINT MOVEMENTS
A client with Osteoporosis should not have a neck massage that includes?
KIDNEYS
Percussion should not be applied to the back area over the?
ASSIST THEM INTO A SITTING POSITION AND SUPPORT THE TABLE, MAINTAINING CONTACT WITH THEM AS THEY STAND UP
When the massage is finished and it is time for the client to get up and off the table, the practitioner should?
ENTIRE BODY
The proper application of massage technique uses the practitioner's?
HANDS
The most important tools used by a massage practitioner are the?
DO NO HARM
The first rule in massage and bodywork is?
BODY MECHANICS
The observation of body postures in relation to safe and efficient movement in daily living activities is called?
USE THEIR ENTIRE BODY
To increase power and conserve energy when giving massages, the practitioner should?
CORRECT POSTURE
Preventing backaches and conserving strength is achieved through
BIOMECHANICAL DEVIATION
The degree of misalignment of the supporting structures of the body is termed?
CENTERING
The concept tht you have a geographical center in your body is called?
GROUNDING
The concept that you have a connection with the client and help her to release unwanted tention and stress is called?
SEQUENCE
The pattern or design of a massage is called?
SWEDISH MOVEMENTS
Most current massage styles are based on?
THERAPEUTIC
When a practioner recognizes the purpose ans effects of movements and adapts the treatment to the client, the massage practice has become?
THIN TISSUES
Light movements are applied to bony parts or?
HEART
In Swedish massage, most manipulations are directed toward the?
IS TOUCH
A massage practitioner's main mode of communication?
CENTRIFUGAL
A massge movement directed away from the heart is called?
1 HOUR
A full body massage can usually be completed by?
TOUCH
In massage, plcing your hand, finger, or forearm on the client without movement is called?
GLIDING
Sliding the hand over some portion of the client's body with varying amounts of pressure is called?
PERCUSSION
Rapidly striking the hands against the surface of the clients's body is called?
DEEP TOUCH
When calming, stimulating, or anesthetizing effects are desired, the practitioner should use?
AURA STROKING
A type of gliding wherein the practitioner's hands glide the length of the client's entire body part without actually touching is called?
FINGERS
Efflleurage over a small area such as the face is usually performed with the
SUPERFICIAL GLIDING STROKES
Lubricants are spread over an area using?
WEIGHT OF CLIENT
Which of the following is not a factor in determining the depth of a deep, gliding movement?
ADHESIONS
Kneading helps to reduce
FRICTION
Moving a superficial layer of tissue against a deeper layer of tissue is called?
COMPRESSION
A technique that causes an increase in the amount of blood in an area of hyperemia is?
MORE PLIABLE
Heat makes the connective tissues around muscles?
ARMS AND LEGS
Chucking, rolling, wringing, and shaking are types of friction applied when massaging the?
TRAGER
Shaking and rocking are used extensively in this method?
PRESSURE
Nerve trunks and centers are sometimes chosen as sites for the application of?
TRANSVERSE FRICTION MASSAGE
The preferred technique to reduce fibrosis and the formation of scar tissue at the site of a soft tissue injury is?
OSCILLATING
A mechanical vibrator that has a back-and-fourth movement is called?
ORBITAL
A mechanical vibrator that has a circular movement is called?
PERCUSSION
Movements that include tapping, beating, or slapping are called?
END FEEL
When doing passive joint movements, the change in the quality of movement as the limb reaches the extent of its possible range is termed?
CONTRACT MUSCLES
Active joint movements require that the client?