34 terms

Most Common S/S for Cancers and Other Cancer Lecture Information

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Breast Cancer
Painless lump
Lung Cancer
Cough, hemoptysis
Hodgkin's Disease (HD)
Painless lump in neck or scv
Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Painless mass in extremities
Primary Bone Cancer
Pain
Oral Cavity Cancers
swelling or ulcer that won't heal
Laryngeal Cancer
Hoarseness
Nasopharynx Cancers
bloody discharge, difficulty hearing
CNS Cancers
Headache that worsens, visual difficulties
Colorectal and Anal Cancer
rectal bleeding
Esophageal Cancer
Dysphagia and weight loss
Pancreatic Cancer
Jaundice, abdominal pain, axorexia, weight loss
Vulvar Cancer
Lump or mass
Vaginal and Cervical Cancer
Abnormal bleeding, painful intercourse
Endometrial Cancer
Vaginal bleeding, putrid vaginal discharge
Ovarian Cancer
Abdominal and/or pelvic pain, nonspecific GI symptoms
Prostate Cancer
Urinary Symptoms, dysuria, hematuria
Bladder Cancer
Gross painless hematuria
ALL (Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia)
Supression of normal blood components, anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia
AML (Acute Myelocytic Leukemia)
Nonspecific flu like symptoms
CLL (Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia)
Often asymptomatic; found accidentally
CML (Chronic Myeloctyic Leukemia)
Associated with blast crisis
Thyroid Cancer
Palpable neck mass
The risk and causative factors for adult leukemia
*Radiation exposure
*First degree relative with leukemia
*Philadelphia chromosome
Which patients do lymphomas of the CNS occur in?
AIDs pts
Bladder incidence in men vs women
3:1 (Men to Women)
The most common extra-cranial solid tumor in children under the age of 4
Neuroblastoma
A childhood tumor that has been shown to be related to an etiology of viral infection
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Define Sensitivity
A test's success in detecting true positives AND a test's failure in predicting true positives
Define Specificity
A test's success in detecting true negative results AND a test's failure in predicting true negative results
White blood cells from least to most abundant
Basophils
Eosinophils
Monocytes
Lymphocytes
Define hyperplasia
increase in cell number
Gleason Score has 5 Grades
1-5 from Well differentiated to Poorly differentiated
*1 - small, uniform glands
*2 - more space btw glands
*3 - infiltration of cells from glands at margins
*4 - irregular masses of cells with few glands
*5 - lack of glands, sheets of cells
Gleason Score Definition and Ranges
*Helps evaluate the prognosis of men with prostate cancer. Together with other parameters, the Gleason score is incorporated into a strategy of prostate cancer staging which predicts prognosis and helps guide therapy.
*Ranges from 2-10
- score of 2 = best prognosis
- score of 10 = worst prognosis
-- The final score is a combination of two different scores which each range from 1-5
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