27 terms

Westward Expansion - Carter

Who were mountain men?
western fur traders and trappers
Which of the following put an end to American fur trading in the 1840s?
Beaver fur went out of fashion and demand fell.
Mormons moved from New York to the West in the early 1830s in order to
seek out religious freedom.
Father Hidalgo y Costilla's rebellion in 1810
inspired the Mexican independence movement.
Empresarios were
agents who brought settlers to Texas.
Who was Stephen F. Austin?
empresario who founded a colony on the lower Colorado River in 1822
Texan settlers disobeyed Mexican laws in the 1820s by
bringing slaves with them.
Which of the following is true about the battle at the Alamo in 1836?
All of the Alamo's defenders were killed.
Which of the following factors helped the Texans gain victory in the Battle of San Jacinto?
Sam Houston's men took the Mexican army by surprise.
President Jackson refused to annex Texas at first because doing so would have
upset the balance between free and slave states.
Study the quotation below and answer the question that follows.

[It is America's] manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole continent which Providence [God] has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty..."

In these words by writer John O'Sullivan, what does the phrase "manifest destiny" mean?
obvious fate
Who were the Californios?
colonists living in California
What did the American expansionists' slogan "Fifty-four forty or fight!" refer to?
the line to which they wanted their northern territory to extend
In the 1840s, President John Tyler fell out of favor with his party when he argued that the annexation of Texas would
increase the power of southern slave states.
In 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain. How did Mexican officials change Spanish policy in California as a result?
They terminated the mission system.
Which of the following was true about the U.S. army at the beginning of the Mexican-American War?
It was better equipped than the Mexican army.
How did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, affect the United States?
It increased the size of the United States by almost 25 percent.
How did the Gadsden Purchase benefit the United States?
It secured a southern route for a transcontinental railroad on American soil.
Which challenge did Mexican Americans face when American settlers poured into the Southwest after the Mexican War?
Mexican land laws differed from U.S. land laws, which led to much confusion.
What lesson might a western traveler have learned from the story of the Donner party?
Don't take shortcuts.
Which description fits the group of people known as "forty-niners"?
gold-seekers from America and abroad who migrated to California
What happened to California's population as a result of the Gold Rush?
Immigrants and Americans flocked to California to "get rich quick" and stayed to build a stable frontier society.
What role did the transcontinental railroad play in California's development?
It gave California's economy the means to grow by connecting the state to the rest of the country.
The practice of polygamy caused ______________ to be persecuted in the 1850s.
Texans suffered a striking defeat by the Mexican army in the battle of ______________________.
the Alamo
With the ____________________, the U.S. government was able to buy the southern parts of what is now Arizona and New Mexico for $10 million.
Gadsden Purchase
The construction of the first transcontinental railroad in 1869 helped _______________________ create a strong economy.