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What are the 5 senses

touch, pressure, sense of balance, pain, temperature

What are the special 5 senses

smell, taste, hearing, sight, balance

Chemoreceptors- what is it and give an example

Chemicals-taste and smell

Pain receptors- what is it and give an example

tissue damage- stepping on a nail

Mechanoreceptors- what is it and give an example

balance and hearing- movement of fluids


Temperature change- hot and cold


stimulated by light- rods and cones

What is the receptors name for hearing


What is the receptors name for taste


what are the 4 taste buds from tip to top

sweet, salty, sour, bitter

What is the pathway that light travels through the eye

Cornea- aqueos humor- pupil- lens- vitreous humor- retina- optic nerve- brain

What is the difference between aqueous and vitreous humor

Vitreous humor is jelly shaped gives eyeball shape and aqueous humor is watery

What is in the outer ear

Auricle- External Auditory Canal- Tympanic membrane

What is in the middle ear

Tympanic membrane- Malleus- Incus- Stapes-oval window

What is another name for malleus incus and stapes

hammer anvil stirrup

What is in the inner ear

cochlea, organ of corti, hairs, brain

What is the pathway of sound

Auricle- E.A.C.- tympanic membrane- malleus- incus- stapes- oval window- cochlea- organ of corti- hairs- olfactory nerve, brain

What is in a testube if someone gives blood

55% plasma 45% formed element- WBC, RBC, platelets

What are RBC, describe their texture

RBC are called erythrocytes. They are donut shaped with a hollow center, and are very flexible

WBC-Name all the granulocytes and what they do

neutrophil- fights of infections with phagocytosis
basophil- starts inflammatory response after injury
eosinophil-releases histamine and fights off allergens and parasites

Name all the a-granulocytes

Lymphoctye- helps with immunity
Monocyte-replenish macrophages and dendrites to normal state

When you have dark red and bright cells they are

de oxygenated and oxygenated

Whats the difference between RBC and WBC

WBC can leave the vessel and RBC can't

What are the steps of hemostasis (stop of bleeding)

When you get a cut, the location of the cut tightens and has a spasm, then a platelet plug forms, and the a fibrin thread


Coagulation: the clotting of blood to seal off the opening in an injured blood vessels


clumping together of RBCs causes hemolysis; not a match

Why is blood type O the universal donor?

it has no antigens

Blood type A-antigen, antibody, who can they receive from, who could they donate to?

A antigen
Anti-B anitbodies
Can receive from: A, O
can donate to: A, AB

Blood type B-antigen, antibody, who can they receive from, who could they donate to?

B antigen
Anti-A antibodies
Can Receive from: B,O
Can donate to: B, Ab

Blood type ABantigen, antibody, who can they receive from, who could they donate to?

A antigen and B antigen
No antibodies
Can receive from: A, B, AB, O
Can donate to: AB

Blood Type O

No antigen
Anti-A antibodies and anti-B antibodies
Can receive from: O
Can donate to: O, A, B, AB

What is the location of the heart

medial to the lungs, posterior to the sternum, anterior to the spine, superior to the diaphragm

whats the size of the heart compared to and how many times does it beat a minute

size of your first
60-80 a minute

What is the sacs of the heart

Pericardial sac -> Parietal (outer), Visceral (deeper)

What are the three layers of the heart

outer to inner- Epicardium, myocardium (cardiac), endocardium


Hearts and the lungs


Heart and the rest of the body

What type of blood does the left side of the heart and right carry

left-oxygenated right- de-oxygenated

Rh factor, what is it and how was it discovered

discovered it with a rhesus monkey. Positive or the negative in your blood.

what is the role of RH in pregnancy

pregnancy number 1 is okay, then she starts to build antibodies, antibodies will kill baby unless she gets a shot of rogam

What is a protein marker?

its the marker on an antigen

antigen? antbody?

accepts and rejects

What is the pathway of blood pumping

Superior or vena cave, right atrium, tricuspid, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, bicuspid, aorta

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