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Terms in this set (26)
Group of plants that includes the gymnosperms and angiosperms and is characterized by the production of seeds.
Group of seed plants that produce 'naked seeds'
3 phyla of gymnosperms
Gingkophyta, Cycadophyta, Coniferaphyta
Phylum of gymnosperms characterized by fan-shaped leaves, only 1 existing species remains that is valued for its resilience against pollution - however, the female plants are disliked due to their stinky seeds!
Phylum of gymnosperms that are palm-like trees that produce cones, and that were very common during the Mesozoic era at the time of the dinosaurs.
Largest phylum of gymnosperms that are typically evergreen, softwood, cone-bearing species.
Opening in a leaf that enables gas exchange (pl stomata)
Cells on either side of stomata that close when conditions are dry.
Outer part of a tree, consisting of cork, cork cambium and phloem (where nutrient transport occurs).
The inner part of a tree consisting of non-living xylem tissue.
Outer part of wood where water transport occurs.
Inner part of wood where water transport no longer occurs.
Outermost layer of bark; non-living.
Meristematic tissue that produces cork.
Meristematic tissue located between the bark and the wood in a tree that produces xylem and phloem.
Waxy outerlayer of leaves that prevents water loss found in the seed plants.
The transfer of pollen from the male parts of a plant to the female parts of the plant (not the same thing as fertilization).
Spores that develop into the female gametophytes.
Spores that develop into the male gametophytes.
Haploid nutritious tissue that nourishes the developing embryo.
Female cone of conifers.
Male cone of conifers
Common term for the male gametophyte in conifers
Refers to plants that produce two different types of spores.
Diploid part of a seed that provides protection to the developing embryo and is derived from the integument of the ovule.
Parts of a gymnosperm seed
Embryo (diploid), endosperm (haploid, derived from female gametophyte), seed coat (diploid, derived from integument)