Non-vascular Plants & Green Algae
Terms in this set (23)
Characteristics of Plants
Photosynthesis (contain chlorophyll), multicellular, cellulose in cell wall, store food as starch, mostly terrestrial and non-motile, alternation of generations
Alternation of Generations
Refers to a life cycle that includes a diploid generation and a haploid generation.
Haploid generation that produces gametes (sperm and eggs)
Diploid generation that produces spores through mitosis
Phylum to which the green algae belong.
Unicellular green algae
Colonial green algae
Multicellular green algae.
Filamentous green algae
3 groups of nonvascular plants
Mosses (phylum Bryophyta), liverworts (phylum Hepatophyta), hornworts
Rootlike structures found in nonvascular plants that anchor the plant to the ground (do NOT transport)
Dominant generation in nonvascular plants
Cup-like structures found in some liverworts that are used for asexual reproduction.
Method of asexual reproduction in non-vascular plants (pieces that break off can develop into new plant)
Structures located at the tip of the male moss gametophyte that produce sperm.
Structures located at the tip of the female moss gametophyte that produce eggs.
The upper part of the moss sporophyte where spores are produced through meiosis.
Haploid structures that develop into the haploid gametophyte.
Haploid structures that combine to form the diploid sporophyte.
Term for the lid of the moss sporangium; falls off to release spores.
Branching haploid structure from which the moss gametophyte develop.
Characteristics green algae share with plants
Have chlorophyll, store excess sugar as starch, have cellulose in cell walls.
Characteristics green algae have that are not shown by plants
Typically motile at some point in their life cycle, mostly aquatic, no vascular tissue
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