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71 terms

Integumentary

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Actinic Keratosis
A premalignant warty lesion occurring on the sun-exposed skin of the face or hands in aged light-skinned people.
Alopecia
Infections skin disease commonly occurring in children; caused by group A streptococci of Staphylococcus.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
A slow growing malignant neoplasm
Benign Lesion
A tumor that does not form metastases, and does not invade and destroy adjacent normal tissue.
Biopsy
A process of removing tissue from a patient for macroscopic diagnostic examination.
Congenital Nevus
A melanocytic nevus that is visible at birth, is often larger than an acquired nevus.
Contact Dermatitis
Acute or chronic dermatitis caused by initial irritant effect of a substance that comes in contact with the skin.
Debridement
Removal of foreign materials, necrotic matter, and devitalized tissue from a wound or burn.
Decubitus Ulcer
Focal ischemis necrosis of skin and underlying tissues at sites of constant pressure or recurring friction.
Dermabrasion
Procedure used to remove acne scars or pits, performed with sandpaper or other abrasive materials.
Dermatofibroma
A slowly-growing, benign skin nodule consisting of poorly demarcated cellular fibrous tissue.
Dermatologist
A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating cutaneous and related systemic diseases.
Dermatone
An instrument for cutting thin slices of skin for grafting or excising small lesions.
Dermis
Directly below the epidermis, the dermis is the second layer of the skin.
Dysplastic Nevus
Cutaneous pigmented lesions with notched, irregular borders, considered pre-malignant.
Epidermis
The outer layer of the skin.
Eschar
A thick, crusty covering or slough that develops after thermal or chemical burn or cauterization of the skin.
Gynecomastia
Excessive development of the male mammary glands.
Impetigo
A contagious superficial pyoderma, caused by Staph or group A Strep.
Intradermal Nevus
A nevus in which nests of melanocytes are found in the dermis, but not at the epidermaldermal junction.
Keloid
A nodule, firm, often linear mass of hyper-plastic, thick scar tissue.
Mycoses
Any disease caused by a fungus.
Necrosis
Pathologic death of one or more cells, or of a portion of tissue or organ, resulting from irreversible damage.
Nevus
A circumscribed malformation of the skin, especially one that is colored by hyperpigmentation.
Pilonidal Cyst
Hair-containing cyst or sinus in the tissues of the sacrococcygeal area.
Pruritis
Relating to itching
Psoriasis
A common inherited condition characterized by the eruption of reddish, silvery-scaled maculopapules.
Sebaceous Cyst
A common cyst of the skin and sucutis containing sebum and keratin.
Seborrhea
Over activity of the sebaceous gland, resulting in an excessive amount of sebum.
Avulsion
tearing; separation and removal of nail plate
ligation
tying of small vessels
complex wound closure
involving extensive debridement, extensive undermining, stents or retention sutures and more than layered closure
debridement
cleaning and removing skin or tissue from the wound until normal healthy tissue is exposed
recipient site
area of defect that receives a graft
donor site
area from which the healthy site receives a graft
split-thickness graft
epidermis and part of the dermis
full-thickness graft
epidermis and all of the dermis
pinch graft
a small, split-thickness
autografts
grafts that are taken from the patient's own body
allografts
grafts taken from a human donor
pedicle flap
end of a flap that remains connected to the donor area
chemical peels/chemexfoliation
treatments in which a chemical is applied to the skin then removed
ostectomy
removal of the bone that underlies the ulcer area
escharotomy
a procedure in which the physician cuts through the dead skin that covers the surface when there is a full-thickness burn.
Mohs Surgery
a procedure that is named after physician who pioneered the basic microscopic technique
partial mastectomy
a procedure where only a portion of the breast tissue is removed
Radical mastectomy
procedure where the entire breast is removed in addition to the pectoral muscles and axillary lymph nodes
Abscess
localized collection of pus that will result in the disintegration of tissue over time
Allotransplantation
transplantation between individuals who are not of the same genotype
Autograft
graft from self
Incision
surgically cutting into
Malignant
used to describe a cancerous tumor that grows worse over time
Shaving
horizontal or transverse removal of dermal or epidermis lesions, without full-thickness excision.
Subcutaneous
tissue below the dermis, primarily fat cells that insulate the body.
Wound repair/simple
one-layered closure
Allogenic
a graft that is from the same species, but different genetically
Anomaly
an abnormality
Axillary nodes
lymph nodes located in the armpit
Cryosurgery
destruction of lesions using extreme cold
Destruction
killing of tissue by means of cryocautery, laser, chemicals, or other means
Excision
is a a full-thickness removal of a lesion that may include simple closure
Incision & Drainage (I&D)
to cut and withdraw fluid
Skin graft
transplantation of skin tissue
Suture
to unite parts by stitching then together
Complex wound repair
involves complicated wound closure, including revision, debridement, extensive undermining, and more than layered closure
Intermediate wound repair
requires closure of one or more subcutaneous tissues and superficial fascia, in addition to the skin closure
benign
not progressive
Electrodesiccation
destruction of a lesion by the use of electric current radiated through a needle.
Ligation
binding or tying off, as to constrict the blood flow of a vessel
punch biopsy
use of a small hollow instrument to puncture a lesion
Soft tissue
tissues (fascia, connective tissue, muscle, etc.)